Nikunja, Nikuñja, Nikumja: 16 definitions


Nikunja means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Agriculture: A Survey

Nikuñja (निकुञ्ज, “arbour”) refers to one of the layout designs for gardens and orchards mentioned in the Vṛkṣāyurveda: a Sanskrit text by written by Surapāla that deals with agriculture (kṛṣi).—Surapāla’s text mentions 170 species of plants including trees, shrubs and a few herbs, and deals with the laying out gardens and orchards and growing unusual trees. Layouts included designs such as nikuñja (arbour).

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Nikuñja (निकुञ्ज) refers to “hedges”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.21. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] When Kāma (God of Love) reached the vicinity of Śiva, Spring spread all his splendour in accord with the inclination of the lord. [...] In this atmosphere, on that excellent mountain, Lord Śiva sported about for a long time among the groves (chanda), hedges (nikuñja) and streams (nadī) in the company of Satī”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhajana-rahasya - 2nd Edition

Nikuñja (निकुञ्ज) refers to:—Bower, grove; a solitary place for the meeting and enjoyment of Rādhā and Kṛṣṇa. (cf. Glossary page from Bhajana-Rahasya).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Nikunja in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Nikuñja (निकुञ्ज) refers to a “grove” (which is suitable for Yoga practice), according to the Parākhyatantra.—The Amanaska’s description of the ideal place in which to practise Yoga is based on four standard characteristics; it should be isolated, solitary, clean and beautiful. Similar descriptions are found in Tantric traditions. [...] The Parākhyatantra, emphasizes seclusion: “In a lonely place, or a grove (nikuñja), or in an agreeable mountain cave, or in an earthen hut that is thoroughly secluded, free from insects, draught and damp”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nikunja in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

nikuñja : (m.; nt.) a glen; a thicket.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Nikuñja, (Sk. nikuñja, ni+kuñja) a hollow down, a glen, thicket Dāvs. IV, 32. (Page 352)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nikuñja (निकुञ्ज).—

1) A bower, an arbour, a place overgrown with shrubs and creepers; यमुनातीरवानीरनिकुञ्जे मन्दमास्थितम् (yamunātīravānīranikuñje mandamāsthitam) Gītagovinda 4.2,11; Ṛtusaṃhāra 1.23.

2) A vault; दधानः सौधानामलघुषु निकुञ्जेषु घनताम् (dadhānaḥ saudhānāmalaghuṣu nikuñjeṣu ghanatām) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 2.12.

3) A cavern; पर्यन्तभूधरनिकुञ्जविजृम्भमाणः (paryantabhūdharanikuñjavijṛmbhamāṇaḥ) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 9.3.

Derivable forms: nikuñjaḥ (निकुञ्जः), nikuñjam (निकुञ्जम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nikuñja (निकुञ्ज).—mn.

(-ñjaḥ-ñjaṃ) An arbour, a bower, a place overgrown with creepers and shrubs, E. ni expletive, and kuñja an arbour.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nikuñja (निकुञ्ज).—[ni-kuñja], m. (and n.). A place overgrown with creepers, a thicket, Mahābhārata 1, 3730.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nikuñja (निकुञ्ज).—[masculine] thicket, bower, vault.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nikuñja (निकुञ्ज):—[=ni-kuñja] m. (n., [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]) an arbour, a bower, thicket, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nikuñja (निकुञ्ज):—[ni-kuñja] (ñjaḥñjaṃ) 1. m. n. An arbour or place covered with creepers.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Nikuñja (निकुञ्ज) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ṇiuṃja.

[Sanskrit to German]

Nikunja in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Nikuṃja (ನಿಕುಂಜ):—

1) [noun] a bush; a shrub.

2) [noun] a frame work over which vines are grown; an arbour.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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