Mrigayu, Mṛgayu: 8 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Mrigayu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Mṛgayu can be transliterated into English as Mrgayu or Mrigayu, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Arthashastra (politics and welfare)

Source: Shodhganga: Kakati Ganapatideva and his times (artha)

Mṛgayu (मृगयु, “hunter”) or Mrigayātuka or Mṛgavyādha refers to an official title designating one of the seventy-two officers (niyoga) of the Bāhattaraniyogādhipati circle, according to the Inscriptional glossary of Andhra Pradesh (Śāsana-śabdakośāmu). The bāhattaraniyoga-adhipati is the highest executive officer of this circle (including a Mṛgayu). For example: During the reign of Gaṇapatideva, the area extending between Pānagal to Mārjavāḍi was entrusted to Gaṇḍapeṇḍāru Gangayasāhiṇi as Bāhattaraniyogādhipati. Later on, this office was entrusted to Kāyastha Jannigadeva.

Arthashastra book cover
context information

Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Mṛgayu (मृगयु) is a Sanskrit word referring to “is one who kills animals by means other than arrows” (i.e., by means of traps and such contrivances). The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (also see the Manubhāṣya verse 4.212)

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Mṛgayu (मृगयु, ‘hunter’) occurs in the later Saṃhitās and the Brāhmaṇas, but not very often. The Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā and the Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa, however, in the list of victims at the Puruṣamedha (‘human sacrifice’) include a number of names which seem to be those of persons who make a livelihood by fishing or by hunting, such as the Mārgāra, ‘hunter’, the Kaivarta or Kevarta, Pauñjiṣṭha, Dāśa, Maināla, ‘fisherman’, and perhaps the Bainda and the Ānda, who seem to have been some sort of fishermen.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mṛgayu (मृगयु).—[mṛga-astyarthe yuc]

1) A hunter, fowler; यथा नयत्यसृक्पातैर्मृगस्य मृगयु पदम् (yathā nayatyasṛkpātairmṛgasya mṛgayu padam) Ms.8.44; हन्ति नोपशयस्थोऽपि शयालुर्मृगयुर्मृगान् (hanti nopaśayastho'pi śayālurmṛgayurmṛgān) Śi.2.8.

2) A jackal.

3) An epithet of Brahman.

Derivable forms: mṛgayuḥ (मृगयुः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mṛgayu (मृगयु).—m.

(-yuḥ) 1. Brahma. 2. A jackal. 3. A hunter. E. mṛga a deer, to go, ku Unadi aff., form irr; or mṛg-yu .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mṛgayu (मृगयु).—i. e. mṛg, i. 10, + u, m. 1. A hunter, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 212; [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 4, 17, 14. 2. A jackal. 3. Brahman.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mṛgayu (मृगयु).—[masculine] hunter.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mṛgayu (मृगयु):—[from mṛg] m. a huntsman, [Atharva-veda] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] a jackal, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of Brahmā, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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