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Aksha, aka: Akṣa; 3 Definition(s)


Aksha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Akṣa can be transliterated into English as Aksa or Aksha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Dharmaśāstra (religious law)

Akṣa (अक्ष) refers to the “gambling”. It is part of a ten-fold set arising from the love of pleasure. The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (also see the Manubhāṣya verse 7.47)

Akṣa (अक्ष) is a Sanskrit technical term referring the piece of wood in the wheel (the axle), of a chariot (yāna). (See the Manubhāṣya, verse 8.291-292)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
context information

Dharmaśāstra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharma-shastra) is a category of Hindu literature containing important instructions regarding religious law, ethics, economics, jurisprudence and more. It is categorised as smṛti, an important and authorative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.


1a) Akṣa (अक्ष).—The game of dice. Ṛtuparṇa, an expert in it Taught the game to Nala; to be avoided by a king.

1b) A dānava.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 6. 11.

1c) A son of Satyabhāmā and Kṛṣṇa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 247; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 238.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana IndexPurāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Akṣa (अक्ष) is the name of the caitya-tree under which the parents of Puṣpadanta are often depicted in Jaina iconography, according to the Digambara tradition. According to the Śvetāmbara tradition the tree is known as Mali. The term caitya refers to “sacred shrine”, an important place of pelgrimage and meditation in Jainism. Sculptures with such caitya-trees generally shows a male and a female couple seated under a tree with the female having a child on her lap. Usually there is a seated Jina figure on top of the tree.

Puṣpadanta is the ninth of twenty-four tīrthaṅkaras: enlightened beings who, having conquered saṃsāra (cycle of birth and death), leave a path behind for others to follow. His father is Sugrīva and his mother is Rāmā, according to the Ācāradinakara (14th century work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri).

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

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