Aksha, aka: Akṣa; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Aksha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Akṣa can be transliterated into English as Aksa or Aksha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Akṣa (अक्ष) refers to the “gambling”. It is part of a ten-fold set arising from the love of pleasure. The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (also see the Manubhāṣya verse 7.47)

Akṣa (अक्ष) is a Sanskrit technical term referring the piece of wood in the wheel (the axle), of a chariot (yāna). (See the Manubhāṣya, verse 8.291-292)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Purana

1) Akṣa (अक्ष).—(Akṣakumāra). Genealogy. Descended in order from Viṣṇu as follows: Brahmā-Pulastya-Viśravas-Rāvaṇa-Akṣa. (Uttararāmāyaṇa). Birth. Three sons were born to Rāvaṇa, King of the demons, by his wife Mandodarī. They were Meghanāda, Atikāya and Akṣakumāra. Akṣakumāra was a redoubtable hero and a fierce fighter but was killed by Hanūmān in Laṅkā. (Sarga 47, Sundara Kāṇḍa, Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa). (See full article at Story of Akṣa from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Akṣa (अक्ष).—We find another warrior of this name among the soldiers who came to help Skanda in the Kaurava-Pāṇḍava battle. (Śloka 58, Chapter 45, Śalya Parva, Mahābhārata).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Akṣa (अक्ष).—The game of dice. Ṛtuparṇa, an expert in it Taught the game to Nala; to be avoided by a king.

1b) A dānava.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 6. 11.

1c) A son of Satyabhāmā and Kṛṣṇa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 247; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 238.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Akṣa (अक्ष).—Latitude - The term akṣa is an abbreviation of the complete term, akṣonnati, meaning the inclination of the Earth's axis to the plane of the celestial horizon, i.e., the latitude of the place. Note: Akṣa is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha or jyotish) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Akṣa (अक्ष) is the name of the caitya-tree under which the parents of Puṣpadanta are often depicted in Jaina iconography, according to the Digambara tradition. According to the Śvetāmbara tradition the tree is known as Mali. The term caitya refers to “sacred shrine”, an important place of pelgrimage and meditation in Jainism. Sculptures with such caitya-trees generally shows a male and a female couple seated under a tree with the female having a child on her lap. Usually there is a seated Jina figure on top of the tree.

Puṣpadanta is the ninth of twenty-four tīrthaṅkaras: enlightened beings who, having conquered saṃsāra (cycle of birth and death), leave a path behind for others to follow. His father is Sugrīva and his mother is Rāmā, according to the Ācāradinakara (14th century work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri).

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

akṣa (अक्ष).—m (S) A die for playing with. 2 Axis, axle. 3 A seed used for rosaries, Elæocarpus. 4 Terrestrial latitude.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

akṣa (अक्ष).—m A die. Axis. A seed used for ro- saries. Terrestrial latitude.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 147 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Lohitaksha
Lohitākṣa (लोहिताक्ष) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.44.22) and represents one...
Virupaksha
Virūpākṣa (विरूपाक्ष) is the name of a Yakṣa who, due to Kubera’s curse, was born on the earth ...
Akshamala
Akṣamālā (अक्षमाला).—(ARUNDHATĪ). See under Arundhatī.
Pundarikaksha
Puṇḍarīkākṣa (पुण्डरीकाक्ष).—an epithet of Viṣṇu; यं पुण्डरीकाक्षमिव श्रिता श्रीः (yaṃ puṇḍarīk...
Hiranyaksha
1) Hiraṇyākṣa (हिरण्याक्ष) is the name of a Vidyādhara who fought on Śrutaśarman’s side, but wa...
Vishalaksha
1) Viśālākṣa (विशालाक्ष).—One of the hundred sons of Dhṛtarāṣṭra. Mention is made in Mahābhārat...
Ekaksha
1) Ekākṣa (एकाक्ष).—A demon born to Kaśyapaprajāpati of his wife Danu. (Śloka 29, Chapter 65, Ā...
Rudraksha
Rudrākṣa (रुद्राक्ष).—(Elaco Carpus seeds) Beads for rosaries. General information. A holy thin...
Tryaksha
Tryakṣa (त्र्यक्ष).—An ancient place of habitation. When the King of this place went to see Dha...
Gavaksha
Gavākṣa (गवाक्ष) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as...
Pushkaraksha
Puṣkarākṣa (पुष्कराक्ष) is the son of king Bhadrākṣa from Takṣaśilā, according to the Kathāsari...
Sahasraksha
Sahasrākṣa (सहस्राक्ष) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. XIV.8.16, XIV.8) and repres...
Pingaksha
Piṅgākṣa (पिङ्गाक्ष) is the name of a Daitya who participated in the war between the Asuras and...
Raktaksha
1) Raktākṣa (रक्ताक्ष) is a minister of the owl-king named Avamarda, according to the Kathāsari...
Akshapada
Ākṣapāda (आक्षपाद).—a. (-dī f.) [अक्षपाद-अण् (akṣapāda-aṇ)] Taught by Akṣapāda or Gautama.-daḥ ...

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