Aksha, aka: Akṣa; 5 Definition(s)


Aksha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Akṣa can be transliterated into English as Aksa or Aksha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Dharmaśāstra (religious law)

Akṣa (अक्ष) refers to the “gambling”. It is part of a ten-fold set arising from the love of pleasure. The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (also see the Manubhāṣya verse 7.47)

Akṣa (अक्ष) is a Sanskrit technical term referring the piece of wood in the wheel (the axle), of a chariot (yāna). (See the Manubhāṣya, verse 8.291-292)

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Dharmaśāstra book cover
context information

Dharmaśāstra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharma-shastra) is a category of Hindu literature containing important instructions regarding religious law, ethics, economics, jurisprudence and more. It is categorised as smṛti, an important and authorative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.


1a) Akṣa (अक्ष).—The game of dice. Ṛtuparṇa, an expert in it Taught the game to Nala; to be avoided by a king.

1b) A dānava.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 6. 11.

1c) A son of Satyabhāmā and Kṛṣṇa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 247; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 238.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
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The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Akṣa (अक्ष) is the name of the caitya-tree under which the parents of Puṣpadanta are often depicted in Jaina iconography, according to the Digambara tradition. According to the Śvetāmbara tradition the tree is known as Mali. The term caitya refers to “sacred shrine”, an important place of pelgrimage and meditation in Jainism. Sculptures with such caitya-trees generally shows a male and a female couple seated under a tree with the female having a child on her lap. Usually there is a seated Jina figure on top of the tree.

Puṣpadanta is the ninth of twenty-four tīrthaṅkaras: enlightened beings who, having conquered saṃsāra (cycle of birth and death), leave a path behind for others to follow. His father is Sugrīva and his mother is Rāmā, according to the Ācāradinakara (14th century work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Jainism
General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

akṣa (अक्ष).—m (S) A die for playing with. 2 Axis, axle. 3 A seed used for rosaries, Elæocarpus. 4 Terrestrial latitude.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

akṣa (अक्ष).—m A die. Axis. A seed used for ro- saries. Terrestrial latitude.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Relevant definitions

Search found 19 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

akṣakrīḍā (अक्षक्रीडा).—f-dyūta n Gambling.
Rathākṣa (रथाक्ष) in the Yajurveda-saṃhitās denotes the ‘axle of the chariot’. Its length is...
Akṣamālā (अक्षमाला) is the name of a certain utensil commonly seen as being held in the hands o...
1) Sarūpa (सरूप).—Having the same form for practical purposes such as the form आ (ā) possessed ...
Asa (अस).—Affix अस (asa) mentioned in the Nirukta in the word अवस (avasa) (अव् (av) + अस (asa))...
maḷī (मळी).—f Scum. Alluvium. A plat.--- OR --- māḷī (माळी).—m A gardener, florist. f An upper ...
Cakkhu, (nt.) (Vedic cakṣuḥ, etym. not clear, as redupl. perhaps to īks, akṣa eye, kṣạṇa momen...
1) Akkha, 3 (adj.) (-°) (to akkhi) having eyes, with eyes PvA.39 (BB. rattakkha with eyes red f...
vibhītaka (विभीतक).—m S See bibhītaka.
syandana (स्यंदन).—n A war-chariot; dropping.
Akṣapāda (अक्षपाद).—A son of Somaśarman, the avatār of the Lord at Prabhāsa, contemporary...
kamalākṣa (कमलाक्ष).—m (S kamala & akṣa The eye.) A seed of the lotus. Used for beads &c. 2 A f...
akṣata (अक्षत).—a Uninjured. f Consecrated rice.
Cakkhu Sutta
Cakkhu, (nt.) (Vedic cakṣuḥ, etym. not clear, as redupl. perhaps to īks, akṣa eye, kṣạṇa momen...
Parokkha, (adj.) (paro+akkha=Vedic parokṣa (paraḥ+ akṣa)) beyond the eye, out of sight, invisib...

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