Mitta, Mittā: 4 definitions

Introduction

Mitta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Mitta. A general of King Elara. He was governor of a village (Khandaraji) in East Ceylon. Nandimitta was his nephew. Mhv.xxxiii.4ff.

2. Mitta. One of the ten sons of Mutasiva. Dpv.xi.7.

3. Mitta. A general of Vijayabahu IV. He slew Vijayabahu and occupied the throne for a few days at Jambuddoni, but the Ariyan mercenaries refused him their allegiance, and their leader, Thakuraka, out off his head as he sat on the throne. Cv.xc.2ff.

4. Mitta. A householder of Kosambi who later adopted Samavati (q. v.). DhA.i.189.

5. Mitta. A common name. E.g., J.iv.478; Vibha.138; MA.i.454, etc.

1. Mitta Sutta. On what constitutes a good friend in various circumstances. S.i.37.

2. Mitta Sutta. A real friend is he who gives what is hard to give, does what is hard to do, and bears what is hard to bear. A.i.286.

3. Mitta Sutta. Five qualities which make a man a bad friend. A.iii.171.

4. Mitta Sutta. A monk who is a bad friend will never follow the course of training which leads to all destruction of lust and passion. A.iii.422.

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1. Mitta (v.l. Metta) Theri. Ninety one kappas ago, in the time of Vipassi Buddha, she was one of the consorts of King Bandhuma and won meritorious kamma by bestowing food and costly raiment on an arahant Theri. After death she was born in Tavatimsa and was wife of the king of the gods thirty times, and then chief queen of twenty kings of men. In this age she belonged to a Sakyan family of Kapilavatthu and left the world with Pajapati Gotami, winning arahantship soon after. (Thig.vs.31f )

She is evidently identical with Ekapinidadayika of the Apadana. ThigA.36f.; Ap.ii.515f.

2. Mitta. Younger sister of Vijayabahu I. She married the Pandu king and had three sons, Manabharana, Kittisirimegha and Sirivallabha. Cv.lix.41; lxi.1; lxii.1.

3. Mitta. Daughter of Manabharana (1), her sister being Pabhavati. She married Manabharana, son of Sirivallabha. Cv.lxii.3; lxiii.6; lxiv.19.

1. Mitta Sutta. Those whom one holds in affection one should admonish and establish in the satipatthanas. S.v.189.

2. Mitta Sutta. The same as 1, with the four Ayrian Truths. S.v.434.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions (jainism)

Mitta (मित्त) is a Prakrit ending for deriving proper personal names, mentioned as an example in the Aṅgavijjā chapter 26. This chapter includes general rules to follow when deriving proper names. The Aṅgavijjā (mentioning mitta) is an ancient treatise from the 3rd century CE dealing with physiognomic readings, bodily gestures and predictions and was written by a Jain ascetic in 9000 Prakrit stanzas.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

mitta : (m.; nt.) a friend.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Mitta, (m. nt.) (cp. Vedic mitra, m. & nt. , friend; Av. mipro, friend) friend. Usually m. , although nt. occurs in meaning “friend, ” in sg. (Nett 164) & pl. (Sn. 185, 187); in meaning “friendship” at J. VI, 375 (=mittabhāva C.). The half-scientific, half-popular etym. of mitta, as given at VbhA. 108, is “mettāyantī ti mittā, minantī ti vā m.; sabba-guyhesu anto pakkhipantī ti attho” (the latter: “they enclose in all that is hidden”).—Two kinds of friends are distinguished at Nd2 510 (in exegesis of Sn. 37 & 75), viz. āgārika° (a house- or lay-friend) and anāgārika° (a homeless- or clericalfriend). The former is possessed of all ordinary qualities of kindness and love, the latter of special virtues of mind & heart.—A friend who acts as a sort of Mentor, or spiritual adviser, is called a kalyāṇa-mitta (see under kalyāṇa).—Mitta is often combined with similar terms, devoting relationship or friendship, e.g. with amaccā colleagues and ñāti-sālohita° blood-relations, in ster. phrase at Vin. II, 126; A. I, 222; Sn. p. 104; PvA. 28; cp. ñāti-mittā relatives & friends Pv. I, 59; suhada (“dear heart”) D. III, 187 (four types, cp. m. paṭirūpaka); suhajja one who is dear to one’s heart PvA. 191; sahāya companion PvA. 86. The neut. form occurs for kind things D. III, 188; S. I, 37.—Opp. sapatta enemy PvA. 13; amitta a sham friend or enemy Sn. 561 (=paccatthika SnA 455); D. III, 185. pāpa-mitta bad friend PvA. 5.—For refs. see e.g. Sn. 58, 255, 296, 338; Dh. 78, 375.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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