Mantrin; 3 Definition(s)

Introduction

Mantrin means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Mantrin (मन्त्रिन्, “minister”) refers to a classification of persons who “move about in public”, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 34. Accordingly, “those who are high-born, intelligent, well-versed in Śruti and polity, fellow-countrymen of the king, devoted to him, free from guile (lit. pure) and followers of Dharma, should be chaplains (purodha) and ministers (mantrin), for these qualities of them”.

Note: B. reads the passage differently. In translation it is as follows: “Those who are high-born, intelligent, well-versed in various Śāstras, affectionate to the king, incorruptible by enemies, not haughty, the compatriot of the king, free from greed, disciplined, trust-worthy, and virtuous are to be made chaplains (purodha) and ministers (mantrin).” The taking together of the chaplain and the minister probably shows that at one time the same person discharged the functions of the two.

Note: Saciva as well as amātya originally meant secretary. Amātya also has been used before to indicate a minister. But Arthaśāstra. (1.8.9) distinguishes between amātya and mantrin. Kāmandakīya Nītisāra (VIII.1) also does the same. According to the latter amātya seems to be identical with saciva (see IV. 25, 30, 31). According to Śukranīti saciva, amātya and mantrin are three different functionaries (See II. 94, 95 and 103). The Rudradāman inscription seems to distinguish between mantrin and saciva.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

India history and geogprahy

Mantrin (counsellor) was a title used in the administration during the rule of the Śilāhāra dynasty (r. 765-1215 A.D.).—The king appointed Counsellors (mantrins) and Ministers (mahāmātyas) for the various departments. Their names together with their official designations occur in several records of the Northern Śilāhāras and prove useful in chronological discussions. In North Koṅkaṇ the ministers were generally five in number.

(Source): What is India: Inscriptions of the Śilāhāras
India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mantrin (मन्त्रिन्).—a. [mantrayate mantr ṇini]

1) Wise, clever in counsel.

2) Familiar with sacred texts or spells.

3) Ved. Eloquent. -m.

1) A minister, counsellor, a king's minister; अजिताधिगमाय मन्त्रिभिर्युयुजे नीतिविशारदैरजः (ajitādhigamāya mantribhiryuyuje nītiviśāradairajaḥ) R.8. 17; Ms.8.1.

2) A conjurer, an enchanter.

3) (In chess) The queen.

4) (In astrol.) The 12th mansion.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Relevant definitions

Search found 14 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

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Saciva
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