Mahadruma, Mahādruma, Maha-druma: 11 definitions


Mahadruma means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Mahadruma in Purana glossary
Source: Google Books: Cultural History from the Vāyu Purāna

Mahādruma (महाद्रुम):—One of the seven sons of Havya (lord of Śākadvīpa). His varṣa is called: mahādrumavarṣa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Mahādruma (महाद्रुम).—A son of Havya after whom the Mahādruma varṣa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 14. 17. 21.

1b) (c) a kingdom of Śākadvīpa adjoining Keśava(ra, Vāyu-purāṇa) hill.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 14. 21; 19. 93; Vāyu-purāṇa 49. 87.

1c) A continent around the Vibhrāja hill.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 122. 25.

1d) A son of Havya.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 33. 16.

1e) A Kinnara with human face.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 35.

1f) A son of Bhavya of Śākadvīpa.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 4. 60.

1g) A varṣa called after Mahādruma.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 33. 20.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Mahadruma in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Mahādruma (महाद्रुम) refers to one of the thirty-six sacred trees, according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “According to the Kula teaching (these) [i.e., Mahādruma] are the most excellent Kula trees that give accomplishments and liberation. (They are full of) Yoginīs, Siddhas, Lords of the Heroes and hosts of gods and demons. One should not touch them with one’s feet or urinate and defecate on them or have sex etc. below them. One should not cut etc. or burn them. Having worshipped and praised them regularly with their own flowers and shoots, one should always worship the Śrīkrama with devotion with their best fruits and roots. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Mahadruma in Jainism glossary
Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Mahādruma (महाद्रुम) is the general of Asura Bali, as mentioned to chapter 1.2 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.


“[...] Bali, the Asura-lord of Balicañcā, attended by sixty thousand Sāmānikas who had been summoned by the general Mahādruma, who first rang vigorously the bell Mahaughasvarā, and by the fourfold body-guard, the Trāyastriṃśas and the other gods, like Camara, went quickly to Mt. Mandara, the home of joy.”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Biology (plants and animals)

[«previous next»] — Mahadruma in Biology glossary
Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Mahadruma in India is the name of a plant defined with Acacia intsia in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Mimosa caesia L. (among others).

2) Mahadruma is also identified with Ficus religiosa It has the synonym Urostigma religiosum Gasp. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· London Journal of Botany (1848)
· Plant Systematics and Evolution (1987)
· Numer. List (4493)
· Ethnobotany (2004)
· Ric. Caprifico (1845)
· Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. (1822)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Mahadruma, for example health benefits, side effects, pregnancy safety, diet and recipes, chemical composition, extract dosage, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Mahadruma in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mahādruma (महाद्रुम).—the sacred fig-tree.

Derivable forms: mahādrumaḥ (महाद्रुमः).

Mahādruma is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mahā and druma (द्रुम).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mahādruma (महाद्रुम).—m.

(-maḥ) The holy fig-tree, (Ficus religiosa.) E. mahā great, and druma a tree.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mahādruma (महाद्रुम):—[=mahā-druma] [from mahā > mah] m. a gr° tree, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] Ficus Religiosa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Bhavya, [Purāṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] n. Name of the Varṣa ruled by him, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mahādruma (महाद्रुम):—[mahā-druma] (maḥ) 1. m. The holy fig-tree.

[Sanskrit to German]

Mahadruma in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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