Shatahva, Śatāhvā: 7 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Shatahva means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śatāhvā can be transliterated into English as Satahva or Shatahva, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (S) next»] — Shatahva in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Śatāhvā (शताह्वा).—A tīrtha sacred to the pitṛs.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 22. 35.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

1) Śatāhvā (शताह्वा) is the Sanskrit name for an unidentified medicinal plant, according to verse 4.10-13 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. Notes: See description of the plant Miśreyā.

Śatāhvā is mentioned as having twenty-four synonyms: Śatapuṣpā, Misī, Ghoṣā, Potikā, Ahicchatrā, Mādhavī, Kāravī, Śiphā, Saṅghātapatrikā (Saṃghātapatrikā), Chatrā, Vajrapuṣpā, Supuṣpikā, Śataprasūnā, Bahalā, Puṣpāhvā, Śatapatrikā, Vanapuṣpā, Bhūripuṣpā, Sugandhā, Sūkṣmapatrikā, Gandhārikā and Aticchatrā.

Properties and characteristics: “Śatāhvā is pungent, bitter and unctuous. It is useful in kaphaja disorders, diarrhoea, fevers, diseases of eye and wounds. Its use is appreciated in vastikarma (medicated enema)”.

2) Śatāhvā (शताह्वा) is also mentioned as a synonym for Śatāvarī, a medicinal plant identified with Asparagus racemosus Willed. (or “buttermilk root”) from the Asparagaceae family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.116-119 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Śatāhvā and Śatāvarī, there are a total of thirty-two Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Śatāhvā (शताह्वा) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Anethum graveoles Linn.” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning śatāhvā] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śatāhva (शताह्व).—f. (-hvā-hvī) A sort of dill or fennel, (Anethum sowa.) E. śata a hundred, and āhvā name, appellation.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śatāhvā (शताह्वा):—[from śata] f. Anethum Sowa, [Suśruta] ([wrong reading] hva), [Bhāvaprakāśa]

2) [v.s. ...] Asparagus Racemosus (hve dve [dual number]), [Caraka]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a river and Tīrtha, [Matsya-purāṇa]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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