Alabha, Alābha, Alabhā: 18 definitions


Alabha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Alābha (अलाभ) refers to a “failure”, according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “One should institute a great sacrifice at times of great fear, when in conflict with a powerful enemy, when the land is afflicted with drought, when locusts and soldiers come (to ravage it), when (one seeks to) remedy disease and suffering, when there is a fight between relatives for kingdom, when the king is deposed, during solitary combat in a great battle, in order to (get a) son, when one fails to gets a young virgin (bride) [i.e., kanyakā-alābha], during a marriage, in order to gain victory, (or) when a fort is under attack. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Alābha (अलाभ) refers to “loss” (as opposed to lābha—‘gain’), according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “Then, the Lord went on to speak these verses: ‘[...] (82) The dharma is taught in order to purify the five kinds of sight, to illuminate the five kinds of abilities, to eliminate the five states of existence, and to makes the five aggregates disappear. (84) It teaches the way of entering into immortality (amṛta) where all the noble ones have gone, which is free from the duality of gain and loss (alābha-lābha), but still does not construct thought-constructions belonging to the middle way of logical proposition.. [...]’”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Alābha (अलाभ, “non-greed”) refers to one of the “eight worldly conditions” (lokadharma) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 61). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., alābha). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Alabhā (अलभा, “begging”) refers to “failure in begging” and represents one of the hardships (parīṣaha), or “series of trials hard to endure” according to the Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra 10.1 (Incarnation as Nandana). While practicing penance for a lac of years, Muni Nandana also endured a series of trials hard to endure (e.g., alabhā). Nandana is the name of a king as well as one of Mahāvīra’s previous births.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

alābha : (m.) loss; missing of gain.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

alābha (अलाभ).—m (S) Non-obtainment or non-possession; want. Ex. tumacyā bhēṭīcā a0 hōtā tī prāpta jhālī; rājyālā kaśācā a0 nāhīṃ.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Alābha (अलाभ).—a. [na. ba]

1) Without gain or profit.

-bhaḥ Nonacquirement; मुञ्जालाभे तु कर्तव्याः कुशाश्मन्तकबल्वजैः (muñjālābhe tu kartavyāḥ kuśāśmantakabalvajaiḥ) Manusmṛti 2. 43;2.184;6.57;

2) Loss; Manusmṛti 9.331,11.8; सुखदुःखे समे कृत्वा लाभालाभौ जयाजयौ (sukhaduḥkhe same kṛtvā lābhālābhau jayājayau) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 2.38.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Alābha (अलाभ).—m.

(-bhaḥ) 1. Non-acquirement, not getting. 2. Loss. E. a neg. lābha gain.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Alābha (अलाभ).—m. 1. no possibility of getting, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 42. 2. loss, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 80.

Alābha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms a and lābha (लाभ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Alābha (अलाभ).—[masculine] non-acquirement, not getting, loss.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Alābha (अलाभ):—[=a-lābha] m. non-acquirement, [Manu-smṛti vi, 57]

2) [v.s. ...] want, deficiency, [Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] loss (in selling goods), [Manu-smṛti ix, 331]

4) [v.s. ...] loss (of life, prāṇa), [Manu-smṛti xi, 80]

5) Ālabha (आलभ):—[=ā-labha] [from ā-labh] m. touching, grasping.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Alābha (अलाभ):—[a-lābha] (bhaḥ) 1. m. Loss.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Alābha (अलाभ) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Alaṃbhi, Alāha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Alabha in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Alābha (अलाभ) [Also spelled alabh]:—(nm) disadvantage; harm; ~[kara] disadvantageous; harmful.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Ālabha (आलभ) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Ālabh.

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Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Alābha (ಅಲಾಭ):—

1) [noun] want of profit; a loss.

2) [noun] (Jain.) a non-getting of alms.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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