Kutapa, 6 Definition(s)
Kutapa (कुतप).—Eight in relation to a śrāddha—middle noon, khaḍgapātra, Nepal shawl, silver, kuśa grass, seasamum, cow, son of a daughter: ety. kutsitam pāpam tapanti; Of 5 and 6 are born of Viṣṇu's body and are by themselves enough to protect a śrāddha.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 22. 84-9.
Bharatha mentions three groups (kutapa) of music-performers:
- Tata-kutapa (the vocalists, the players on string instruments, and the flutists),
- Avanaddha-kutapa (players on percussion instruments such as Mrudanga, Pavana and Dardura),
- Natyakrta-kutapa (actors and actresses who take part in the play).
The word Kutapa (कुतप) is once explained as “four kinds of musical instruments” and next as “a group of singers and players of musical instruments” and then again as “four of musical instruments”.
1) The Kutapa (कुतप) is a piece of cloth of the shape of a blanket, and made of the goat-wool; it is known among the Northerners as ‘Kambala’ (Blanket). This he should give as sent. (Also see the Manubhāṣya, verse 3.234)
2) Kutapa as “a particular kind of blanket made of the wool of goats common in the, regions of Avantī (Ujjain)” (or var: lec: in mountainous regions). (Also see the Manubhāṣya, verse 5.119)
3) The word (kutapa) also means “the hour of the day after half-past eleven, the best suited for the offering of Śrāddhas”. This meaning, however, is not applicable to the present verse. (Also see the Manubhāṣya, verse 3.234)
Kutapa (कुतप) is a Sanskrit word referring to “musical instruments”. The term is used in nāṭyaśāstra, which is the name of the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects.
According to the Nāṭyaśāstra 2.80-82, the architect should value the sound of musical instruments (kutapa) when building the playhouse (nāṭyamaṇḍapa). Accordingly, “The playhouse should be made like a mountain cavern and it should have two floors [on two different levels] and small windows; And it should be free from wind and should have good acoustic quality. For [in such a playhouse] made free from the interference of wind, voice of actors and singers as well as the sound of musical instruments (kutapa) will acquire volume.”
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- · Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi > ... > Verse 3.234
- · Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi > ... > Verse 5.119
- · The Natyashastra > Preliminaries of a Play (pūrvaraṅga)
- · The Natyashastra > Pūjā to the Gods of the Stage (raṅgapūjā)
- · The Natyashastra > ... > The Nāṭyaśāstra: The Text and its Commentators
- · The Natyashastra > ... > The Ancient Indian Drama in Practice
- · The Natyashastra > Description of the Class Dance (tāṇḍava)
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