Labdha: 16 definitions

Introduction:

Labdha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Labdh.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Labdha (लब्ध) refers to one of the twelve types of sons (putra) according to the Nāradasmṛti 4.13.45-46.

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Labdha (लब्ध) means “obtaining”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “(The Śāmbhava yogi) has the authority (to perform the rites), knows the scripture and has a consort. He practices secretly and is always a renouncer. (Being) a householder, he observes the Rule. Solitary, he has a wife and, well hidden, he eats the sacrificial pap. One who has abandoned strife, (being) tranquil and austere, he attains (the liberated state of) the Skyfarer. He has obtained [i.e., labdha] initiation and, consecrated, he desires success in mantra. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Labdha (लब्ध) refers to “that (rule) which has met with (its occasion for application)”, according to Tantrālokaviveka commentary on the Tantrāloka verses 4.230ab-232ab.—Accordingly, “[...] So, if you properly consider the procedure of invalidation, then (you will realize that) no injunction whatever loses reality. To explain: the rule that is the exception—by nature specific because it is (generally) void of any occasion (for application)—supersedes the general rule, which, being one that always has met with its occasion (for application) (labdha-avakāśa), is by nature generally applicable. This is what those who know language say:—[‘Moreover, purity and impurity, which are generally enjoined, are simply superseded when a man knows reality. This is how it has been explained here (in the Mālinīvijayottara)’]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: archive.org: Hindu Mathematics

1) V (व्) represents the number 9 (nine) in the “word-numeral system” (bhūtasaṃkhyā), which was used in Sanskrit texts dealing with astronomy, mathematics, metrics, as well as in the dates of inscriptions and manuscripts in ancient Indian literature.—A system of expressing numbers by means of words arranged as in the place-value notation was developed and perfected in India in the early centuries of the Christian era. In this system the numerals [e.g., 9—labdha] are expressed by names of things, beings or concepts, which, naturally or in accordance with the teaching of the Śāstras, connote numbers.

2) Labdha (लब्ध) (lit. “what is obtained”) refers to the “quotient” in bhāgahāra (“division”), which refers to one of the twenty operations (logistics) of pāṭīgaṇita (“science of calculation which requires the use of writing material—the board”), according to Pṛthudakasvāmī’s commentary on the Brāhmasphuṭasiddhānta by Brahmagupta, a Sanskrit treatise on ancient Indian mathematics (gaṇita-śāstra) and astronomy from the 7th century.—The common Hindu names for the operation are bhāgahāra, bhājana, haraṇa, chedana, etc. All these terms literally mean “to break into parts”, i.e., “to divide”, excepting haraṇa which denotes “to take away”. This term shows the relation of division to subtraction. The dividend is termed bhājya, hārya, etc., the divisor bhājaka, bhāgahara or simply hara, and the quotient labdhi “what is obtained” or labdha.

Ganitashastra book cover
context information

Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

labdha (लब्ध).—p (S) Acquired, gained, got. 2 Obtained;--as a quotient by division, as a matter by inference or deduction. 3 In comp. and as prefixed. That has acquired or gained. Ex. labdhādhikāra, labdhōpadēśa, labdhadhana, labdhavidyā. 4 Used, like labdha- pratiṣṭha, of a pretender to learning, or of one whose pretensions are disallowed.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

labdha (लब्ध).—p Acquired; obtained.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Labdha (लब्ध).—p. p. [labh-karmaṇi kta]

1) Got, obtained, acquired.

2) Taken, received.

3) Perceived, apprehended.

4) Obtained, (as by division &c.); see लभ् (labh).

-bdhā A woman whose husband or lover is faithless (perhaps for vipralabdhā).

-bdham 1 That which is secured or got; लब्धं रक्षेदवक्षयात् (labdhaṃ rakṣedavakṣayāt) H.2.8; R.19.3.

2) A profit, gain; लब्धाच्च सप्तमं भागं तथा शृङ्गे कला खुरे (labdhācca saptamaṃ bhāgaṃ tathā śṛṅge kalā khure) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.6.25.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Labdha (लब्ध).—mfn.

(-bdhaḥ-bdhā-bdhaṃ) Gained, acquired, obtained, received. f.

(-bdhā) A woman whose husband or lover is faithless. E. labh to get, aff. kta .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Labdha (लब्ध).—[adjective] caught, seized, taken; got, obtained ([especially] °— having caught etc.).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Labdha (लब्ध):—[from labh] mfn. taken, seized, caught, met with, found etc.

2) [v.s. ...] got at, arrived (as a moment), [Kathāsaritsāgara]

3) [v.s. ...] obtained (as a quotient in division), [Colebrooke] (cf. labdhi)

4) Labdhā (लब्धा):—[from labdha > labh] f. Name of a [particular] heroine, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] a woman whose husband or lover is faithless, [Horace H. Wilson]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Labdha (लब्ध):—[(bdhaḥ-bdhā-bdhaṃ) a.] Gained. f. A woman whose husband is faithless.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Labdha (लब्ध) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Laddha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Labdha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Labdha (लब्ध) [Also spelled labdh]:—(a) obtained, got, acquired; (nm) a quotient: ~[kāma] fulfilled, gratified, one whose wish has been fulfilled; ~[kīrti/nāma/pratiṣṭha] renowned, who has acquired fame; ~[ceta/saṃjña] restored to consciousness.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Labdha (ಲಬ್ಧ):—[adjective] got; obtained; received.

--- OR ---

Labdha (ಲಬ್ಧ):—

1) [noun] = ಲಬ್ಧಿ - [labdhi -] 1 & 2.

2) [noun] a decent man.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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