Jarjara: 18 definitions


Jarjara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Jarjar.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Jarjara (जर्जर) is a Sanskrit word referring to the banner staf of Indra, with which he “smashed to pulp” the Asuras and the Vighnas who were hanging about the stage for mischief. Acording to the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.73-75, “The jealous Vighnas too who may come to do violence to actors will go away on seeing the Jarjara.”

The offering of pūjā to the Jarjara should commence after the worshipping of the various gods and the various musical instruments (kutapa). According to the Nāṭyaśāstra 3.11-13, the nāṭyācārya (master of the dramatic art) should offer pūjā to the Jarjara for attaining good success at the performance, and pray to it as follows “Thou art Indra’s weapon killing all the demons; thou hast been fashioned by all the gods, and thou art capable of destroying all the obstacles; bring victory to the king and defeat to his enemies, welfare to cows and Brahmins, and progress to dramatic undertakings”.

Performing the Jarjara ceremony (preliminary) pleases the leaders of Vighnas, according to Nāṭyaśāstra 5.57-58: “The performance of the Preliminaries which means worshipping (pūjā) the gods (devas), is praised by them (i.e. gods) and is conducive to duty, fame and long life. And this performance whether with or without songs, is meant for pleasing the Daityas and the Dānavas as well as the gods.”

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

The characteristics of the jarjara:—Trees (vṛkṣa) grown on white soil and cut down under the puṣyā asterism have been made eligible for Indra’s banner-staff (jarjara) by the great Viśvakarmā. Some of these trees should be fashioned into the jarjara by a carpenter (dārukarman). The branch of a tree may also be made the jarjara. But a bamboo (veṇu) will be most suitable for this kind of work.

As to its measurement, it should be one hundred and eight aṅgulis (4½ cubits) long, and should have five sections and four joints, only one tāla in circumference. But its joints should not be very prominent (lit. thick), and it should neither be worm-eaten nor scratched by friction with other bamboos.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama

Jarjara (जर्जर) refers to “alveolar (speaking of a stone) § 2.10.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Jarjarā (जर्जरा) refers to “she who is aged”.—[According to the Dhyānasūtra of the Yogakhaṇḍa of the Manthānabhairavatantra]—The three forms corresponding to the three transmissions are now fully developed icons and their association with Yogic states is no longer a primary feature. [...] The third one described in the Kumārikākhaṇḍa presides over the Transmission of the Aged. In this form, according to the Kumārikākhaṇḍa, Kubjikā is Juṣṭacaṇdālinī, a woman of the lowest caste. Like the previous form, she too is a sweeper and rude barbarian (barbarā). Although, she is aged (jarjarā), dark blue, red and crooked, unlike the Aged Kubjikā of Yogakhaṇḍa, who is shockingly fierce, she is slim and ‘very beautiful’. She dances ‘mad with ecstasy’ in a circle of fire representing her identity as the Doomsday Fire.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Jarjara (जर्जर) refers to a “very old (sage)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.35 (“The story of Padmā and Pippalāda”).—Accordingly, as Vasiṣṭha said to Himavat (Himācala): “The very old (jarjara-udhika) and venerable sage Pippalāda returned to his hermitage along with his wife Padmā and passed time in pleasure. He was not too much sensuous. He continued to perform his penance and holy rites in the forest and on the mountain. The daughter of Anaraṇya served the sage devoutly physically, mentally and verbally like Lakṣmī serving Viṣṇu. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

jarjara (जर्जर).—a (S) jarjarīta a Wasted and worn from age.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

jarjara (जर्जर).—a Wasted and worn from age.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jarjara (जर्जर).—a. [jarj-bā° ara]

1) Old, infirm, decayed.

2) Worn out, torn, shattered, broken to pieces, divided in parts, split up into thin particles; जराजर्जरितविषाण- कोटयो मृगाः (jarājarjaritaviṣāṇa- koṭayo mṛgāḥ) K.21; गात्रं जराजर्जरितं विहाय (gātraṃ jarājarjaritaṃ vihāya) Mv.7.18; विसर्पन् धाराभिर्लुठति धरणीं जर्जरकणः (visarpan dhārābhirluṭhati dharaṇīṃ jarjarakaṇaḥ) Uttararāmacarita 1.29; Śiśupālavadha 4.23; Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 9.16.

3) Wounded, hurt.

4) Pained, tormented; Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 9.53.

5) Dull, hollow (as the sound of a broken vessel).

-ram The banner of Indra.

2) Moss.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jarjara (जर्जर).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rā-raṃ) 1. Old. infirm. 2. Split, broken. 3. Wounded, hurt. 4. Divided in parts or pieces. 5. Perforated. m.

(-raḥ) 1. Indra'S banner or emblem. 2. Benzoin. 3. An aquatic plant, (Utricularia fasciculata.) E. jarj to hurt, and ara affix; or jṝ to grow old, affix ac the radical repeated, and the deriv. irr.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jarjara (जर्जर).—i. e. reduplicated jṛ10 + a, adj. 1. Decayed, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 7, 9. 2. Ragged, [Mṛcchakaṭikā, (ed. Stenzler.)] 49, 11. 3. Broken, [Pañcatantra] 117, 6. 4. Crushed, Mahābhārata 3, 16049. 5. Torn asunder, disunited, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 2, 152.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jarjara (जर्जर).—[adjective] decayed, worn out, broken, hurt, tattered, perforated; [abstract] ratva [neuter]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Jarjara (जर्जर):—[from jara] a mfn. infirm, decrepit, decayed, torn or broken in pieces, perforated, hurt, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] divided (a realm), [Mahābhārata xii; Rājataraṅgiṇī; Prabodha-candrodaya]

3) [v.s. ...] dull, hollow (sound), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Varāha-mihira’s Yogayātrā viii, 12; Kādambarī; Kathāsaritsāgara xxv, 66]

4) [v.s. ...] m. = raka, [Caraka vi, 25, 235; Kathāsaritsāgara lxi, 96]

5) [v.s. ...] an old man, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] n. Indra’s banner, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] Blyxa octandra (‘benzoin’ [Horace H. Wilson]), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) Jarjarā (जर्जरा):—[from jarjara > jara] f. an old woman, [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes]

9) Jarjara (जर्जर):—b raka, etc. See p. 413, col. 3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jarjara (जर्जर):—(raḥ) 1. m. Indra's banner or emblem; benzoin; an aquatic plant. a. Old, infirm; broken; hurt; perforated; divided.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Jarjara (जर्जर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Jajjara.

[Sanskrit to German]

Jarjara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Jarjara in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Jarjara (जर्जर) [Also spelled jarjar]:—(a) decrepit, worn out; crushed, senescent; ~[ratā] senescence, decrepitude; ~[rita] worn out; decrepit crushed, decayed; ~[rībhūta] worn out, crushed, decrepit.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Jarjara (ಜರ್ಜರ):—

1) [adjective] reduced to or fallen into partial ruin or decay, as from age, wear or neglect; infirm; worn out.

2) [adjective] broken into small pieces.

--- OR ---

Jarjara (ಜರ್ಜರ):—

1) [noun] that which is broken into pieces, wounded or shattered.

2) [noun] that which is murky, gloomy.

3) [noun] an old man.

--- OR ---

Jarjāra (ಜರ್ಜಾರ):—[adjective] occurring or existing in a high degree; very strong; violent, extreme, sharp.

--- OR ---

Jarjāra (ಜರ್ಜಾರ):—

1) [noun] a courageous, undaunted man.

2) [noun] the quality of being brave, courageous; courage; bravery.

3) [noun] open armed conflict between two hostile armies.

4) [noun] an army of courageous soldiers.

5) [noun] (fig.) a cruel or inhuman action.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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