Kumarajiva, Kumārajīva, Kumara-jiva: 5 definitions
Kumarajiva means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Kumārajīva (कुमारजीव) is a Sanskrit word [probably] referring to Putranjiva roxburghii, from the Putranjivaceae family. Certain plant parts of Pattūra are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. The plant is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
General definition (in Buddhism)Source: Buddhist Door: GlossaryOne of the most eminent translators in Chinese Buddhism. He was born in a noble family, but he went with his mother to learn Agama Sutras and other Hinayana taught him Mahayana Buddhism. Kumarajiva was ordained as a monk at the age of twenty. He was so famous in his countries that Tao an would like to invite him to China. His mother also encouraged Kumarajiva to preach the genuine teachings of Buddhism in China. Eventually, Kumarajiva arrived at Chang an ( ) and welcomed by the Emperor Yao Hsing ( ). Kumarajiva was honoured to be the National Preceptor, who was in charge of translating sutras. Kumarajiva translated 74 scriptures in 384 fasicles in total, such as Perfection of Wisdom Sutras, the Lotus Sutra, the Amitabha Sutra, the Treatise on the Great Perfection of Wisdom Sutra, the Treatise on the Middle, the Treatise in One Hundred Verses, the Treatises on the Twelve Gates and the Ten Vinaya. His translation work contributed both to the development of Buddhism in China, and to the establishment of various sects in Chinese Buddhism. Before he died, he preclaimed that if his translation accorded with the genuine principles of Buddhism, his tongue would be intact and not turn to ash. After incineration of his body, the tongue was not damaged. Source: academia.edu: The Chronological History of Buddhism
Kumarajiva (327-248 BCE) was a great scholar of Buddhism. He belonged to Kashmir and Kucha kingdom. His fame reached China. Chinese emperor Fu Jian sent his general Lu Guang to bring Kumarajiva to his capital Changan. Lu Guang captured Kumarajiva around 287 BCE and kept him in prison. Yao Xing overthrew Fu Jian and became the king of Changan. He persuaded Lu Guang to send Kumarajiva to Changan. Thus, Kumarajiva went to the city of Changan around 260 BCE. He became the head of Buddhist studies in Changan and translated many Buddhist texts in Chinese. He also translated Abhidharmakosa of Vasubandhu as recorded in Chinese sources. Undoubtedly, Vasubandhu lived many centuries before Kumarajiva.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Kumārajīva (कुमारजीव).—Name of the plant पुत्रंजीव (putraṃjīva).
Derivable forms: kumārajīvaḥ (कुमारजीवः).
Kumārajīva is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kumāra and jīva (जीव).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Kumārajīva (कुमारजीव):—[=kumāra-jīva] [from kumāra] m. the plant Putraṃ-jīva Roxburghii, [Caraka]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Search found 11 books and stories containing Kumarajiva, Kumārajīva, Kumara-jiva, Kumāra-jīva; (plurals include: Kumarajivas, Kumārajīvas, jivas, jīvas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Preliminary note (3): Explanations on the aṅgas < [Part 2 - Hearing the twelve-membered speech of the Buddha]
Buddhas of the present: Preliminary note (6) < [Part 7 - Seeing, hearing and understanding all the Buddhas of the present]
Understanding dharmatā: Preliminary note < [Part 2 - Understanding dharmatā and its synonyms]
Vimalakīrti Sutra (by John R. McRae)
The Fo-Sho-Hing-Tsan-King (A Life of Buddha) (by Samuel Beal)
The Faithfulness Of Chinese Translations < [Introduction]
History of Bodhisattva Aśvaghoṣa < [Introduction]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 1 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 19 - Brief survey of the evolution of Buddhist Thought < [Chapter V - Buddhist Philosophy]
Buddhacarita (by Charles Willemen)