Kumarajiva, aka: Kumara-jiva, Kumārajīva; 4 Definition(s)

Introduction

Kumarajiva means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Kumarajiva in Ayurveda glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Kumārajīva (कुमारजीव) is a Sanskrit word [probably] referring to Putranjiva roxburghii, from the Putranjivaceae family. Certain plant parts of Pattūra are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Āyurvedic work. The plant is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Kumarajiva in Buddhism glossary... « previous · [K] · next »
One of the most eminent translators in Chinese Buddhism. He was born in a noble family, but he went with his mother to learn Agama Sutras and other Hinayana taught him Mahayana Buddhism. Kumarajiva was ordained as a monk at the age of twenty. He was so famous in his countries that Tao an would like to invite him to China. His mother also encouraged Kumarajiva to preach the genuine teachings of Buddhism in China. Eventually, Kumarajiva arrived at Chang an ( ) and welcomed by the Emperor Yao Hsing ( ). Kumarajiva was honoured to be the National Preceptor, who was in charge of translating sutras. Kumarajiva translated 74 scriptures in 384 fasicles in total, such as Perfection of Wisdom Sutras, the Lotus Sutra, the Amitabha Sutra, the Treatise on the Great Perfection of Wisdom Sutra, the Treatise on the Middle, the Treatise in One Hundred Verses, the Treatises on the Twelve Gates and the Ten Vinaya. His translation work contributed both to the development of Buddhism in China, and to the establishment of various sects in Chinese Buddhism. Before he died, he preclaimed that if his translation accorded with the genuine principles of Buddhism, his tongue would be intact and not turn to ash. After incineration of his body, the tongue was not damaged. Source: Buddhist Door: Glossary

Kumarajiva (327-248 BCE) was a great scholar of Buddhism. He belonged to Kashmir and Kucha kingdom. His fame reached China. Chinese emperor Fu Jian sent his general Lu Guang to bring Kumarajiva to his capital Changan. Lu Guang captured Kumarajiva around 287 BCE and kept him in prison. Yao Xing overthrew Fu Jian and became the king of Changan. He persuaded Lu Guang to send Kumarajiva to Changan. Thus, Kumarajiva went to the city of Changan around 260 BCE. He became the head of Buddhist studies in Changan and translated many Buddhist texts in Chinese. He also translated Abhidharmakosa of Vasubandhu as recorded in Chinese sources. Undoubtedly, Vasubandhu lived many centuries before Kumarajiva.

Source: academia.edu: The Chronological History of Buddhism

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kumarajiva in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Kumārajīva (कुमारजीव).—Name of the plant पुत्रंजीव (putraṃjīva).

Derivable forms: kumārajīvaḥ (कुमारजीवः).

Kumārajīva is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kumāra and jīva (जीव).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 511 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Jiva
Jīvā (जीवा) is another name for Jīvantī, a medicinal plant identified with Leptadenia reticulat...
Kumara
1) Kumāra (कुमार).—Skanda or Subrahmaṇya. (For details see under Skanda).2) Kumāra (कुमार).—A K...
Sukumara
Sukumāra (सुकुमार) refers to one of the ten varieties of “rice” (śāli) according to verse 25.60...
Sanatkumara
Sanatkumāra (सनत्कुमार) or Sanatkumārasaṃhitā is the name of a Vaiṣṇava Āgama scripture, classi...
Agnikumara
Agnikumāra (अग्निकुमार).—An epithet of Lord Subrahmaṇya.
Kumarasambhava
Kumārasaṃbhava (कुमारसंभव).—Name of Kalidāsa's epic.Derivable forms: kumārasaṃbhavam (कुमारसंभव...
Jivada
Jīvadā (जीवदा) is another name for Jīvantī, a medicinal plant identified with Leptadenia reticu...
Rajakumara
Rājakumāra (राजकुमार).—a prince. Derivable forms: rājakumāraḥ (राजकुमारः).Rājakumāra is a Sansk...
Stanitakumara
Stanitakumārā (स्तनितकुमारा).—(with Jainas) a particular class of gods. Derivable forms: stanit...
Jivadana
Jīvādāna (जीवादान).—abstracting healthy blood, bleeding (in medic.). Derivable forms: jīvādānam...
Jivatman
Jīvātman (जीवात्मन्).—(The induvidual life or soul). The Aparabrahman (which is next to the hig...
Nirjiva
Nirjīva (निर्जीव).—a. 1) lifeless. 2) dead; चिता दहति निर्जीवं चिन्ता दहति जीवितम् (citā dahati...
Jivadasha
Jīvadaśā (जीवदशा).—mortal existence. Jīvadaśā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms jī...
Kumaradhara
Kumāradhārā (कुमारधारा) is the name of mountain situated to the north-east of Kāntipura (modern...
Kumaramatya
Kumārāmātya (कुमारामात्य) refers to the “executive officers” (enjoying the status of a Kumāra) ...

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