Kulattha: 24 definitions


Kulattha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Kulattha in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Kulattha (कुलत्थ).—A holy centre in ancient India. (Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 9, Verse 66).

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Cikitsa (natural therapy and treatment for medical conditions)

Source: Wisdom Library: Ayurveda: Cikitsa

Kulattha (राजमाष) is a Sanskrit word referring to Macrotyloma uniflorum (“horse-gram” or “kulthi bean”). It is a type of “awned grain” (śūkadhānya), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. The plant Kulattha is part of the Śamīdhānyavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of legumes”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant. Kulattha is hot, astringent and amlapāka in character. It alleviates kapha, semen and vāta. It is constipating and beneficial for cough, hiccup, dyspnoea and piles. Also see Kaulattha, “a drink prepared with Kulattha”.

According to the Bhāvaprakāśa it is also known as Kulatthikā. The Bhāvaprakāśa, which is a 16th century medicinal thesaurus authored by Bhāvamiśra.

According to the Mādhavacikitsā (7th century Ayurvedic work), this plant (Kulattha) is also mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers, as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) chapter. In this work, the plant is also known by the name Kulathī.

Dietetics and Culinary Art (such as household cooking)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Kulattha (कुलत्थ) refers to “horse-gram”, according to the Vālmīkirāmāyaṇa Uttarakhaṇḍa 91.20, and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.— In Vālmīkirāmāyaṇa, pulses like māṣa (black-gram), mudga (green-gram), kulattha (horsegram) and caṇaka (hemp) are mentioned. [...] Kāśyapasaṃhitā states that kulattha is prescribed for a feeding mother in order to produce pure breast milk.

Kulattha or “horse-gram” is mutually incompatible (viruddhāhāra) with Paya (milk), according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala in the dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana, which contains the discussions on different food articles and their dietetic effects according to the prominent Ayurvedic treatises.

Kulattha (horse-gram) is mentioned in a list of potential causes for indigestion.—A complete section in Bhojanakutūhala is devoted for the description of agents that cause indigestion [viz., kulattha (horse gram)]. These agents consumed on a large scale can cause indigestion for certain people. The remedies [viz., tilataila (sesame oil)] for these types of indigestions are also explained therewith.

Kalpa (Formulas, Drug prescriptions and other Medicinal preparations)

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Kulattha (कुलत्थ) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Macrotyloma uniflorum (Lam.) Verdc.” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning kulattha] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Kulatthā (कुलत्था) is the Sanskrit name for a medicinal plant identified with Dolichos biflorus Linn. which is a synonym of Vigna unguiculata subsp. unguiculata (L.) Walp. or “cowpea” from the Fabaceae or “legume” family of flowering plants, according to verse 5.71-72 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. Kulatthā is commonly known in Hindi as Kultha or Kulthi; in Bengali as Kurihikalai; in Marathi as Kulthi; in Gujarati as Kalathi; in Telugu as Thalavalu; and in Tamil as Kollu.

Kulatthā is mentioned as having six synonyms: Dṛkprasādā, Araṇyakulatthikā, Kulālī, Locanahitā, Cakṣuṣyā and Kumbhakārikā.

Properties and characteristics: “Kulatthā is pungent (kaṭu), bitter (tikta) and is indicated in painful piles. It also relieves constipation due to impaired or sluggish paristaltic movements i.e. viṣṭambha and flatulence. It improves eye sight and heals the wounds”.

Cakrapāṇi describes four types [of Kulatthā]: white, red, black and multi-coloured. These are cultivated and found as a wild variety also. Besides being diuretic, its seeds are rich in urease, reports Chopra. He also describes it as a tonic

Veterinary Medicine (The study and treatment of Animals)

Source: Asian Agri-History: Paśu Āyurvēda (Veterinary Medicine) in Garuḍapurāṇa

Kulattha (कुलत्थ) refers to “horse gram”, and is part of the diet in the treatment of horses, according to sections on the treatment of Horses (Gajāyurveda or Aśvāyurveda) in the Garuḍapurāṇa.—The diet also plays a role during the treatment because the food imparts a greater strength and vigour to the horses and acts as a general prophylactic against diseases. The following diets are mentioned for the horses in Garuḍapurāṇa, which are according to the doṣa: [...] The diet in kaphaja-vikāra: In diseases of the deranged kapha, mudga (green gram) or kulattha (horse gram) rasa (soup/ gravy) mixed with kaṭu, tikta (pungent, bitter drugs), should be given to horses. [...]

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda

The seeds of Kulattha are hot, irritant, slightly sour and aggravate pitta. They break calculi and windy tumours and destroy semen.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: ResearchGate: Safety Valuation of Kulattha

In different classical texts of Ayurveda, seed of Kulattha (Dolichos biflorus Linn, Fabaceae), is being recommended as both drug and diet. It is one of the drug of choice for the management of urinary calculi (Ashmari). It has been used for internal as well as external application, Yusha (Soup) prepared from Kulattha seed has therapeutic effect in many diseases like Shwasa (Dyspnoea), Kasa (Cough), Pinasa (Sinusitis), Hikka (Hiccough) etc.

Source: innovateus.net: What are the Health Benefits of Horse gram?

Horse gram (kulattha) is scientifically known as Macrotyloma uniflorum. It also goes by the name Dolichos biflorus. Due to a lot of confusion in the Dolichos category, the right name for Horse gram scientifically is Macrotyloma uniflorum. According to the USDA database both the names Macrotyloma uniflorum and Dolichos biflorus mean the same Horse gram.

It is a dark brown lentil which round and flattened in shape. Horse gram is known to have many therapeutic effects but not scientifically proven though it has been recommended in ayurvedic medicine to treat renal stones, piles, edema etc. It is rich in iron, calcium molybdenum, polyphenols which have high antioxidant capacity, and hemagluttinin which is a substance found in antibodies and autoimmune functions.

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Google Books: Divine Stories: Divyavadana

Kulattha (कुलत्थ) refers to Delichos biflous.—A kind of black or grey-seeded lentil known in Hindi as kulathī. It is sometimes referred to as “horse gram”.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga

Kulattha (कुलत्थ) refers to a type of pulse (Dolichos uniflorus) and represents one of the seventeen varieties of dhānya (“grain”) according to Śvetāmbara tradition and listed in Hemacandra’s 12th century Yogaśāstra (verse 3.95). Dhānya represents one of the classes of the external (bahya) division of attachment (parigraha) and is related to the Aparigraha-vrata (vow of non-attachment).

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Kulattha in India is the name of a plant defined with Chamaecrista absus in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Cassia viscida Zoll. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Nomenclator Botanicus (1840)
· Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden (1982)
· Bot. Zeitung (Regensburg) (1805)
· Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics (1980)
· Hortus Bengalensis, or ‘a Catalogue of the Plants Growing in the Hounourable East India Company's Botanical Garden at Calcutta’ (1814)
· Botany and History of Hortus Malabaricus (1980)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Kulattha, for example pregnancy safety, diet and recipes, chemical composition, health benefits, extract dosage, side effects, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kulattha in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

kulattha : (m.) a kind of vetch.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Kulattha, a kind of vetch M. I, 245 (°yūsa): Miln. 267; Vism. 256 (°yūsa). (Page 223)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kulattha (कुलत्थ).—A kind of pulse; Mahābhārata (Bombay) 13.111.71.

-tthikā A blue stone used as a collyrium.

Derivable forms: kulatthaḥ (कुलत्थः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kulattha (कुलत्थ).—m.

(-tthaḥ) A kind of pulse, (Dlichos biflorus.) f.

(-tthā) 1. A blue stone used in medicine, and applied as a collyrium to the eyes; also an astringent to sores, &c.) 2. A wild kind of Dolichos. E. kula a bank, and sthā to stand or stay, affix ḍa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kulattha (कुलत्थ).—probably kula-stha (vb. sthā), m. 1. A kind of vetc, Dolichos uniflorus, Mahābhārata 13, 5468. 2. pl. The name of a people, Mahābhārata 6, 373.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kulattha (कुलत्थ).—[masculine] a kind of pulse.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kulattha (कुलत्थ):—m. ([from] kula? cf. aśvattha, kapittha), a kind of pulse (Dolichos uniflorus), [Pāṇini 4-4, 4; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) m. [plural] Name of a people, [Mahābhārata vi, 373; Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

3) Kulatthā (कुलत्था):—[from kulattha] f. a kind of Dolichos (Glycine labialis), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] a blue stone used in medicine and applied as a collyrium to the eyes and as an astringent to sores, etc., [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] a species of metre.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kulattha (कुलत्थ):—(tthaḥ) 1. m. Pulse. f. Blue stone.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kulattha (कुलत्थ) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Kultha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kulattha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kulattha (ಕುಲತ್ಥ):—

1) [noun] the plant Dolichos biflorus of Papilionaceae family.

2) [noun] its pulse; horse-gram.

3) [noun] a blue stone used as a collyrium and in medicine.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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