Ratnavati, Ratnavāṭī, Ratnāvatī: 8 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Ratnavati means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Ratnavati in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Ratnavati (रत्नवति) is the daughter of Ratnadatta and Nandayantī from Ayodhyā, as mentioned in the fourteenth story of the Vetālapañcaviṃśati in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 88. Accordingly, “... and there was born to him [Ratnadatta], by his wife Nandayantī, a daughter named Ratnavatī, who was obtained by propitiating the deities”.

The story of Ratnavatī is mentioned in the Vetālapañcaviṃśati (twenty-five tales of a vetāla) which is embedded in the twelfth book of the Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’). The main book is a famous Sanskrit epic detailing the exploits of prince Naravāhanadatta in his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The Kathā-sarit-sāgara is is explained to be an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā which consisted of 100,000 verses and in turn forms part of an even larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Ratnavati in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Ratnāvatī (रत्नावती) is the name of a universe according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XV).—Accordingly, “Then in the east, beyond universes as numerous as the sands of the Ganges and at the limit of these universes, there is a universe called To pao (Ratnāvatī) where there is a Buddha called Pao tse (Ratnākara) who is now teaching the Prajñāpāramitā to the Bodhisattva-mahāsattvas”.

This universe is called Ratnāvatī (“rich in jewels”. There are two kinds of jewels: the substantial jewel (dhanaratna) and the dharma jewel (dharmaratna). What are these jewels the abundance of which merits the name Ratnāvatī for this universe? Answer—Both kinds of jewels occur in this universe. Furthermore, the many Bodhisattvas who inhabit it are also jewels who illumine the nature of things (dharmatā). [Note by Kumārajīva: These jewels, namely the great Bodhisattvas, serve as a diadem (ratnamukuṭa); in the center of this diadem we see the Buddha and we penetrate the nature of all dharmas]. As these jewels are numerous, the universe in question is called “rich in jewels” (Ratnāvatī).

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Ratnavatī (रत्नवती) is the name of a Dhāraṇī Goddesses mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Ratnavatī).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Ratnavati in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ratnavāṭī (रत्नवाटी).—f (Poetry.) A saucer-form dish with diamonds (or other jewels) attached.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Ratnavati in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Ratnāvatī (रत्नावती).—name of two lokadhātus: (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 139.1 (the Buddha Ratnaketu dwells here); Śatasāhasrikā-prajñāpāramitā 29.6 (in the east; the Buddha Ratnākara dwells here).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ratnavatī (रत्नवती):—[=ratna-vatī] [from ratna-vat > ratna] f. (atī) the earth, [Haravijaya]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of various women, [Daśakumāra-carita; Kathāsaritsāgara]

3) Ratnāvatī (रत्नावती):—[=ratnā-vatī] [from ratna] f. Name of a woman, [Harṣacarita]

4) [v.s. ...] of a town, [Catalogue(s)]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Ratnāvatī (रत्नावती):—(von ratna) f. Nomen proprium einer Stadt [Oxforder Handschriften 152,b,40.] — Vgl. ratnavant .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Ratnāvatī (रत्नावती):—f. Nomen proprium —

1) einer Frau [Harṣacarita 162,2.] —

2) einer Stadt.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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