Kumaraka, aka: Kumāraka; 9 Definition(s)
Kumaraka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Kumāraka (कुमारक).—A prominent serpent born in the Kauravya dynasty. It was burnt to death at the serpent yajña of King Janamejaya. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 57, Verse 13).Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Kumāraka (कुमारक).—The first offspring of Brahmā when he was engaged in thinking of creation devoid of śabda, sparśa, rūpa, rasa and gandha. Brahmā pondered over a form which would be neither male nor female but with colours. Then akṣara came out of ‘his neck; it was oṅkāra with one mātra, then two mātrākṣara, three akṣaras, then fourteenfaced deva and 14 Manus.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 26. 8-28.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Itihasa (narrative history)
Kumāraka (कुमारक) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.52.12, I.57) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Kumāraka) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).
Katha (narrative stories)
Kumāraka (कुमारक) was a soldier in Sunītha and Sūryaprabha’s army whose strength is considered as equaling a full-power warrior (pūrṇaratha), according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 47. Accordingly, as the Asura Maya explained the arrangement of warriors in Sunītha’s army: “... [Kumāraka, and others], are all full-power warriors”.
The story of Kumāraka was narrated by the Vidyādhara king Vajraprabha to prince Naravāhanadatta in order to relate how “Sūryaprabha, being a man, obtain of old time the sovereignty over the Vidyādharas”.
The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Kumāraka, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
Kumāraka (कुमारक) refers to “adolescent” or “crown prince”, according to the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XLV.—Accordingly, “the Bodhisattva wishes to obtain the level of Kumāraka”.
Some bodhisattvas, from their first production of the mind of bodhi, have destroyed lust and, up to their acceding to supreme complete enlightenment, are always in the position of Bodhisattva: this is called kumāraka-bhūmi (level of the child). Furthermore, some Bodhisattvas have made the following aspiration (praṇidhāna): “From lifetime to lifetime as a Kumāra (an unblemished child), I will go forth from home, I will practice the path (mārga) and I will have no worldly sexual relations (maithuna)”: this is called the kumāra-bhūmi (level of the unblemished child). Furthermore, a king’s son (rājaputra) is called Kumāraka (crown prince). The Buddha is the king of the Dharma (dharmarāja) and, from his entry into certainty of the supreme law up to the tenth bhūmi inclusively, the Bodhisattva is called ‘prince with the right of succession to the state of Buddhahood’.Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Jainism)
Kumāraka (कुमारक) is the name of a village visited by Mahāvīra during his fourth year of spiritual-exertion.—They left Puttakālaya and went to Kumāraka. There in a beautiful garden, Campaka, the Lord entered into meditation. The disciple ācārya of Pārśvanātha, Municandra, was staying with his disciples there at a shed of a potter named Kūpanātha. He had made a disciple the head monk and accepted the jinakalpa (conduct like Mahāvīra's).Source: HereNow4u: Lord Śrī Mahāvīra
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
kumāraka : (m.) a boy; a youngster.Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Kumāraka, 1. m. a young boy, a youngster, kumārakā vā kumāriyo boys and girls S. III, 190. 2. nt. °ṃ a childish thing A. III, 114.—f. °ikā a young girl, a virgin J. I, 290, 411; II, 180; IV, 219 (thulla°); VI, 64; DhA. III, 171.
—vāda speech like a young boy’s; S. II, 219. (Page 221)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
1) A child, a youth; नहि वो अस्त्यर्भको देवासो न कमारकः (nahi vo astyarbhako devāso na kamārakaḥ) Rv.8.3.1.
2) The pupil of the eye.
Derivable forms: kumārakaḥ (कुमारकः).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 9 books and stories containing Kumaraka or Kumāraka. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
II. Obtaining the level of the Kumāraka < [Part 4 - Being born into the family of the Bodhisattvas, etc.]
Appendix 6 - Why the Buddha treated Devadatta as kheṭāśika (kheḷāsaka) < [Chapter XLI - The Eighteen Special Attributes of the Buddha]
Emptiness 11: Emptiness of dispersed dharmas (avakāraśūnyatā) < [Chapter XLVIII - The Eighteen Emptinesses]
The Mahabharata - First Book (by Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa)
Vinaya Pitaka (3): Khandhaka (by I. B. Horner)
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
Satapatha Brahmana (by Julius Eggeling)
Kathasaritsagara (the Ocean of Story) (by Somadeva)