Kumaraka, aka: Kumāraka; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Kumaraka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana

[Kumaraka in Purana glossaries]

Kumāraka (कुमारक).—A prominent serpent born in the Kauravya dynasty. It was burnt to death at the serpent yajña of King Janamejaya. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 57, Verse 13).

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Kumāraka (कुमारक).—The first offspring of Brahmā when he was engaged in thinking of creation devoid of śabda, sparśa, rūpa, rasa and gandha. Brahmā pondered over a form which would be neither male nor female but with colours. Then akṣara came out of ‘his neck; it was oṅkāra with one mātra, then two mātrākṣara, three akṣaras, then fourteenfaced deva and 14 Manus.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 26. 8-28.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Itihasa (narrative history)

[Kumaraka in Itihasa glossaries]

Kumāraka (कुमारक) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.52.12, I.57) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Kumāraka) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
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Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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Katha (narrative stories)

[Kumaraka in Katha glossaries]

Kumāraka (कुमारक) was a soldier in Sunītha and Sūryaprabha’s army whose strength is considered as equaling a full-power warrior (pūrṇaratha), according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 47. Accordingly, as the Asura Maya explained the arrangement of warriors in Sunītha’s army: “... [Kumāraka, and others], are all full-power warriors”.

The story of Kumāraka was narrated by the Vidyādhara king Vajraprabha to prince Naravāhanadatta in order to relate how “Sūryaprabha, being a man, obtain of old time the sovereignty over the Vidyādharas”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Kumāraka, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha book cover
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Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[Kumaraka in Jainism glossaries]

Kumāraka (कुमारक) is the name of a village visited by Mahāvīra during his fourth year of spiritual-exertion.—They left Puttakālaya and went to Kumāraka. There in a beautiful garden, Campaka, the Lord entered into meditation. The disciple ācārya of Pārśvanātha, Municandra, was staying with his disciples there at a shed of a potter named Kūpanātha. He had made a disciple the head monk and accepted the jinakalpa (conduct like Mahāvīra's).

(Source): HereNow4u: Lord Śrī Mahāvīra
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[Kumaraka in Pali glossaries]

kumāraka : (m.) a boy; a youngster.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Kumāraka, 1. m. a young boy, a youngster, kumārakā vā kumāriyo boys and girls S. III, 190. 2. nt. °ṃ a childish thing A. III, 114.—f. °ikā a young girl, a virgin J. I, 290, 411; II, 180; IV, 219 (thulla°); VI, 64; DhA. III, 171.

vāda speech like a young boy’s; S. II, 219. (Page 221)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Kumaraka in Sanskrit glossaries]

Kumāraka (कुमारक).—

1) A child, a youth; नहि वो अस्त्यर्भको देवासो न कमारकः (nahi vo astyarbhako devāso na kamārakaḥ) Rv.8.3.1.

2) The pupil of the eye.

Derivable forms: kumārakaḥ (कुमारकः).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 4 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Campaka
Caṃpaka (चंपक).—A vidyādhara. Once he visited the banks of river Yamunā with his wife Madālasā ...
Vada
Vāda (वाद, “discussion”) refers to the tenth of the sixteen padārthas (“categories”) in the fir...
Coraka
Corāka (चोराक) is the name of a village visited by Mahāvīra during his fourth year of spiritual...
Puttakalaya
Puttakālaya (पुत्तकालय) is the name of a village visited by Mahāvīra during his fourth year of ...

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