Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 10.31.9

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

स्ते॒गो न क्षामत्ये॑ति पृ॒थ्वीं मिहं॒ न वातो॒ वि ह॑ वाति॒ भूम॑ । मि॒त्रो यत्र॒ वरु॑णो अ॒ज्यमा॑नो॒ऽग्निर्वने॒ न व्यसृ॑ष्ट॒ शोक॑म् ॥
स्तेगो न क्षामत्येति पृथ्वीं मिहं न वातो वि ह वाति भूम । मित्रो यत्र वरुणो अज्यमानोऽग्निर्वने न व्यसृष्ट शोकम् ॥
stego na kṣām aty eti pṛthvīm mihaṃ na vāto vi ha vāti bhūma | mitro yatra varuṇo ajyamāno 'gnir vane na vy asṛṣṭa śokam ||

English translation:

“The sun does not pass beyond the broad earth, the wind does not drive the rain from off the earth; (Iglorify Prajāpati) in whom Mitra and Varuṇa being manifested, disperse their radiance, as Agni (spreads hisflames) in a forest.”

Details:

Ṛṣi (sage/seer): kavaṣa ailūṣaḥ [kavaṣa ailūṣa];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): viśvedevā:;
Chandas (meter): svarāḍārcītriṣṭup ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

स्ते॒गः । न । क्षम् । अति॑ । ए॒ति॒ । पृ॒थ्वीम् । मिह॑म् । न । वातः॑ । वि । ह॒ । वाति॑ । भूम॑ । मि॒त्रः । यत्र॑ । वरु॑णः । अ॒ज्यमा॑नः । अ॒ग्निः । वने॑ । न । वि । असृ॑ष्ट । शोक॑म् ॥
स्तेगः । न । क्षम् । अति । एति । पृथ्वीम् । मिहम् । न । वातः । वि । ह । वाति । भूम । मित्रः । यत्र । वरुणः । अज्यमानः । अग्निः । वने । न । वि । असृष्ट । शोकम् ॥
stegaḥ | na | kṣam | ati | eti | pṛthvīm | miham | na | vātaḥ | vi | ha | vāti | bhūma | mitraḥ | yatra | varuṇaḥ | ajyamānaḥ | agniḥ | vane | na | vi | asṛṣṭa | śokam

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 10.31.9 English analysis of grammar]

stego < stegaḥ < stega

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“snake; frog.”

na

[adverb]

“not; like; no; na [word].”

kṣām < kṣā

[noun], accusative, singular, feminine

“Earth; Earth.”

aty < ati

[adverb]

“very; excessively; beyond; excessively.”

eti < i

[verb], singular, Present indikative

“go; travel; enter (a state); return; walk; continue; reach; ask.”

pṛthvīm < pṛthu

[noun], accusative, singular, feminine

“broad; wide; great; flat; pṛthu [word]; far.”

mihaṃ < miham < mih

[noun], accusative, singular, feminine

“fog.”

na

[adverb]

“not; like; no; na [word].”

vāto < vātaḥ < vāta

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“vāta; wind; fart; Vayu; air; draft; vāta [word]; Vāta; rheumatism; Marut.”

vi

[adverb]

“apart; away; away.”

ha

[adverb]

“indeed; ha [word].”

vāti <

[verb], singular, Present indikative

“blow; blow; emit.”

bhūma < bhūman

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“Earth; floor.”

mitro < mitraḥ < mitra

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“friend; Mitra; mitra [word]; sun; ally.”

yatra

[adverb]

“wherein; once [when].”

varuṇo < varuṇaḥ < varuṇa

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“Varuna; varuṇa [word]; Crataeva religiosa Forst.; Varuṇa; varuṇādi.”

ajyamāno < ajyamānaḥ < añj

[verb noun], nominative, singular

“smear; anoint; mix; color.”

'gnir < agniḥ < agni

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“fire; Agni; sacrificial fire; digestion; cautery; Plumbago zeylanica; fire; vahni; agni [word]; agnikarman; gold; three; jāraṇa; pyre; fireplace; heating.”

vane < vana

[noun], locative, singular, neuter

“forest; wood; tree; grove; vana [word]; forest; brush.”

na

[adverb]

“not; like; no; na [word].”

vy < vi

[adverb]

“apart; away; away.”

asṛṣṭa < sṛj

[verb], singular, Athematic s aor. (Ind.)

“create; shoot; discharge; free; cause; throw; emit; send; produce; use; be born; make.”

śokam < śoka

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“sorrow; grief; pain; heat; śoka [word]; fire; flare; heat; trouble.”

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