Kalamukha, aka: Kālamukha, Kālāmukha, Kala-mukha; 6 Definition(s)

Introduction

Kalamukha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[Kalamukha in Shaivism glossaries]

Kālamukha (कालमुख).—Originating in Kaśmir the Kālamukhas formed the principal branch of Pāśupata Śaivism in Karnātaka, Āndhra and Tamiḻnādu regions during 9th –13th Centuries C.E. They are closely associated with the Lakulisas as the exponents of the Pāśupata philosophy in the south. They are said to have descended from the third disciple of Lakuliswara by name Kauruṣa or Kālānana.

The Kālamukhas are describes as having the ash mark on their forehead. The spiritual parents of the Kālamukhas were the Pāśupatas, Both sects revere the legendary teacher Lakulīśa. Both of them bear similar or identical names and undertake pilgrimages to Kedārnāth and Śrīparvata.

(Source): DSpace at Pondicherry: Siddha Cult in Tamilnadu (shaivism)

Kālamukha (कालमुख).—The Kālamukhas or Kālāmukhas (lit. the black-faced), known mainly from South Indian inscriptions between the 9th and the 13th centuries, are identical with the Lākulas. They are said not only to cover themselves with ashes but also to eat them and to worship Rudra in a vessel filled with alcohol.

(Source): academia.edu: Kāpālikas
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Itihasa (narrative history)

[Kalamukha in Itihasa glossaries]

Kālamukha (कालमुख) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.28.45) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Kālamukha) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
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Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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Purana

[Kalamukha in Purana glossaries]

Kālamukha (कालमुख).—A hybrid race born from the union of men and Rākṣasas. Sahadeva defeated the Kālamukhas also during his conquest of the southern region. (Sabhā Parva, Chapter 31, Verse 67).

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geogprahy

[Kalamukha in India history glossaries]

The Kālamukhas enjoyed munificent royal patronage form almost all south Indian dynasties such as Cālukyās, Kākatiyas, Colās and Pāṇdyas during medieval period. They acted as the heads of a large number of Mathas in such important pilgrim centres as Śrisailam, Ālampūr, Bezawada, Amarāvati, Dakṣārama, Agasteśvaram, in Āndhra Pradesh.

(Source): DSpace at Pondicherry: Siddha Cult in Tamilnadu (historical)
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Kalamukha in Sanskrit glossaries]

Kālamukha (कालमुख).—a species of ape; Mb.3.292.12.

Derivable forms: kālamukhaḥ (कालमुखः).

Kālamukha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kāla and mukha (मुख).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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