Kalamukha, Kālamukha, Kālāmukha, Kala-mukha: 7 definitions
Kalamukha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)Source: DSpace at Pondicherry: Siddha Cult in Tamilnadu (shaivism)
Kālamukha (कालमुख).—Originating in Kaśmir the Kālamukhas formed the principal branch of Pāśupata Śaivism in Karnātaka, Āndhra and Tamiḻnādu regions during 9th –13th Centuries C.E. They are closely associated with the Lakulisas as the exponents of the Pāśupata philosophy in the south. They are said to have descended from the third disciple of Lakuliswara by name Kauruṣa or Kālānana.
The Kālamukhas are describes as having the ash mark on their forehead. The spiritual parents of the Kālamukhas were the Pāśupatas, Both sects revere the legendary teacher Lakulīśa. Both of them bear similar or identical names and undertake pilgrimages to Kedārnāth and Śrīparvata.Source: academia.edu: Kāpālikas
Kālamukha (कालमुख).—The Kālamukhas or Kālāmukhas (lit. the black-faced), known mainly from South Indian inscriptions between the 9th and the 13th centuries, are identical with the Lākulas. They are said not only to cover themselves with ashes but also to eat them and to worship Rudra in a vessel filled with alcohol.
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
Kālamukha (कालमुख).—A hybrid race born from the union of men and Rākṣasas. Sahadeva defeated the Kālamukhas also during his conquest of the southern region. (Sabhā Parva, Chapter 31, Verse 67).Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Kālamukha (कालमुख) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.28.45) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Kālamukha) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
India history and geogprahySource: DSpace at Pondicherry: Siddha Cult in Tamilnadu (historical)
The Kālamukhas enjoyed munificent royal patronage form almost all south Indian dynasties such as Cālukyās, Kākatiyas, Colās and Pāṇdyas during medieval period. They acted as the heads of a large number of Mathas in such important pilgrim centres as Śrisailam, Ālampūr, Bezawada, Amarāvati, Dakṣārama, Agasteśvaram, in Āndhra Pradesh.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Kālamukha (कालमुख).—a species of ape; Mb.3.292.12.
Derivable forms: kālamukhaḥ (कालमुखः).
Kālamukha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kāla and mukha (मुख).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Kālamukha (कालमुख):—[=kāla-mukha] [from kāla] mfn. black-faced, dark-faced, [Patañjali]
2) [v.s. ...] m. a kind of monkey, [Mahābhārata iii, 16613; Rāmāyaṇa]
3) [v.s. ...] Name of a fabulous people, [Mahābhārata ii, 1171; Rāmāyaṇa]
4) Kālamukhā (कालमुखा):—[=kāla-mukhā] [from kāla-mukha > kāla] f. Name of a woman, [Pāṇini 4-1, 58; Kāśikā-vṛtti]
5) Kālāmukha (कालामुख):—[=kālā-mukha] [from kāla] a m. [plural] Name of a Śaiva sect (cf. kālī-m.)
6) [=kālā-mukha] b See 1. kāla.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text: Shaivagama, Shaiva, Mahavaratin, Atimarga, Mankha, Shaivism, Bhairavagama, Aghoramurti, Sthavaralinga, Kapalagama, Mahavratagama, Kalamukhagama, Somasiddhanta, Somnath, Pashupatagama, Lakula, Shrisailam.
Search found 12 books and stories containing Kalamukha, Kālamukha, Kālāmukha, Kala-mukha, Kāla-mukha, Kālamukhā, Kāla-mukhā, Kālā-mukha; (plurals include: Kalamukhas, Kālamukhas, Kālāmukhas, mukhas, Kālamukhās, mukhās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 8: Conquest of southern district of Sindhu by Bharata < [Chapter IV]
Part 8: Conquest of the southern district of the Sindhu by Sagara < [Chapter IV - Conquest of Bharatavarṣa by Sagara]
Brahma Sutras (Nimbarka commentary) (by Roma Bose)
The Religion and Philosophy of Tevaram (Thevaram) (by M. A. Dorai Rangaswamy)
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 5 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 1 - The Literature and History of Southern Śaivism < [Chapter XXXIV - Literature of Southern Śaivism]
Part 1 - History and Literature of Vīra-śaivism < [Chapter XXXV - Vīra-śaivism]
Part 1 - The Śaiva Philosophy in the Śiva-mahāpurāṇa < [Chapter XXXVII - The Śaiva Philosophy in the Purāṇas]
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
List of Mahabharata tribes (by Laxman Burdak)