Kalana, Kālanā, Kālana: 11 definitions

Introduction

Kalana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Kalana (कलन) is another name (synonym) for Vetasa, which is a Sanskrit name for the plant Salix caprea (goat willow). This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu (verse 9.106), which is an Āyurvedic medicinal thesaurus. Certain plant parts of Vetasa are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), and it is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Kalana (कलन).—A door-keeper of Mahākāla.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 32. 18.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: archive.org: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa

Kālanā (कालना) refers to “driving”, and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 2.80. From kālayati, “drive”, found in Sāmavidhāna-brāhmaṇa 3.3; Yādavābhyudaya 5.9 and Haravijaya 6.26.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Kalana.—a betelnut plantation (JAS, Letters, Vol. XX, p. 205). Note: kalana is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kalanā (कलना).—f S Sensation or sensibility; apprehension of or the faculty of apprehending the qualities or the influences of objects.

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kaḷaṇa (कळण).—n C Decoction or broth of some pulse. 2 also kaḷaṇā m The powder and fragments amongst split pulse.

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kālaṇa (कालण).—n R (Commonly kālavaṇa) Any sauce for rice.

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kāḷaṇa (काळण).—m A caste or an individual of it. They are distillers.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kalanā (कलना).—f Sensation or Sensibility.

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kaḷaṇa (कळण).—n Decoction or broth of some pulse.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kalana (कलन).—a. (at the end of comp.) Causing, effecting.

-naḥ A sort of cane.

-nam 1 A spot, mark.

2) A defect, an offence, fault.

3) Taking, seizing, grasping; कलनात्सर्वभूतानां स कालः परिकीर्तितः (kalanātsarvabhūtānāṃ sa kālaḥ parikīrtitaḥ).

4) Knowing, understanding, apprehension.

5) Sounding.

6) An embryo at the first stage after conception.

-nā 1 Taking, seizing, grasping; कालकलना (kālakalanā) Ā. L.29.

2) Doing, effecting.

3) Subjection.

4) Understanding, comprehension.

5) Putting on, wearing; also letting loose; चूडाकलनाम् (cūḍākalanām) Śi.3.5.

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Kālana (कालन).—a. Destroyer; कलिमलसंहतिकालनोऽखिलाशः (kalimalasaṃhatikālano'khilāśaḥ) Bhāg. 12.12.66.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kalana (कलन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. A spot, a stain. 2. An offence, fault, defect. 3. Murmuring, sounding. 4. An embryo or the first vestige of the fœtus. m.

(-naḥ) A sort of cane. f.

(-nā) 1. Subjection, submission. 2. Chattering, talking. 3. Shedding, emitting. E. kal to count, lyuṭ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kalana (कलन):—[from kal] mf(ā)n. (ifc.) effecting, causing, [Bhartṛhari]

2) [v.s. ...] m. Calamus Rotang, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as Amarasiṃha, Halāyudha, Hemacandra, etc.]

3) Kalanā (कलना):—[from kalana > kal] f. the act of impelling, inciting, [Sūryasiddhānta i, 10]

4) [v.s. ...] doing, making, effecting [commentator or commentary] on [Mahābhārata]

5) [v.s. ...] behaving, behaviour, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

6) [v.s. ...] touching, contact, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

7) [v.s. ...] tying on, putting on [Śiśupāla-vadha iii, 5]

8) [v.s. ...] (according to, [Mallinātha] also letting loose, shedding, āmocanam avamocanaṃ vā)

9) [v.s. ...] the state of being provided with or having, [Bālarāmāyaṇa]

10) [v.s. ...] calculation, [Jyotiṣa]

11) Kalana (कलन):—[from kal] n. the act of shaking, moving to and fro, [Prasannarāghava]

12) [v.s. ...] murmuring, sounding, [Horace H. Wilson]

13) [v.s. ...] an embryo at the first stage after conception, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as Amarasiṃha, Halāyudha, Hemacandra, etc.] (cf. kalaka)

14) [v.s. ...] a spot, stain, fault, defect, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as Amarasiṃha, Halāyudha, Hemacandra, etc.] (cf. kalaṅka.)

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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