Kaivalya: 8 definitions

Introduction

Kaivalya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (K) next»] — Kaivalya in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Kaivalya (कैवल्य).—The state of becoming one with the Brahman; one gets this at Benares;1 arises from jñāna.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 143. 34; 180. 59.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 102. 79. Ib. 59. 118.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous (K) next»] — Kaivalya in Yoga glossary
Source: WikiPedia: Yoga

Kaivalya (कैवल्य) is the ultimate goal of Rāja-yoga and means “solitude”, “detachment” or “isolation”, a vrddhi-derivation from kevala “alone, isolated”. It is the isolation of puruṣa from prakṛti, and subsequent liberation from rebirth. The terms kevala, kaivalya, or kaivalya-mukti are encountered in the Upaniṣads, including the Śvetāśvatara (I and VI) Kaivalya (25), the Amṛtabindu (29) and the Muktikā (1.18, 26, 31) Upaniṣads.

The Yogatattva-upaniṣad (16-18) reads, “kaivalya is the very nature of the self, the supreme state (paramam padam). It is without parts and is stainless. It is the direct intuition of the Real-existence, intelligence and bliss. it is devoid of birth, existence, destruction, recognition, and experience. This is called knowledge.”

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Samkhya (school of philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Prakrti and purusa in Samkhyakarika an analytical review

Kaivalya (कैवल्य, “isolation”) refers to “isolation or absolute freedom”. The isolation (kaivalya) of puruṣa is inferred on the basis of its being totally opposite of the three guṇas. What is kaivalya? Vācaspti replies that kaivalya (isolation) denotes total absence of three types of sorrow (duḥkha). Gauḍapāda analyses the concept of kaivalya in more simple and clear manner. He says “kaivalya is the property of being isolated, having detached from others. That means the isolated element (puruṣa) is distinct from the three guṇas”. As the puruṣa is totally opposite of the three guṇas, so isolation (kaivalya) i.e total absence of the three types of sorrow (duḥkha) is natural in case of puruṣa. Absence of three guṇas (atraiguṇya) denotes absence of pleasure, pain and bewilderment (sukhaduḥkhamoharahittva).

context information

Samkhya (सांख्य, Sāṃkhya) is a dualistic school of Hindu philosophy (astika) and is closeley related to the Yoga school. Samkhya philosophy accepts three pramanas (‘proofs’) only as valid means of gaining knowledge. Another important concept is their theory of evolution, revolving around prakriti (matter) and purusha (consciousness).

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kaivalya (कैवल्य).—n S Becoming one with the Deity; absorption into the Divine essence.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kaivalya (कैवल्य).—n Becoming one with the Deity, absorption into the Divine essence.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kaivalya (कैवल्य).—[kevalasya bhāvaḥ ṣyañ]

1) Perfect isolation, soleness, exclusiveness.

2) Individuality; Bhāg.5.3.17.

3) Detachment of the soul from matter, identification with the supreme spirit.

4) Final emancipation or beatitude; Bhāg.1.8.27.

5) Everlasting disappearance of the three pains; कैवल्यं माध्यस्थ्यम् (kaivalyaṃ mādhyasthyam) Sāṅ. K.19.; कैवल्यार्थं प्रवृत्तेश्च (kaivalyārthaṃ pravṛtteśca) ibid. 17.

Derivable forms: kaivalyam (कैवल्यम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kaivalya (कैवल्य).—mfn.

(-lyaḥ-lyī-lyaṃ) Sole, only. n.

(-lyaṃ) 1. Eternal emancipation, future happiness. 2. Exclusiveness, individuality. E. kevala alone, free from all fetters, ṣyañ affix of the abstract.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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