Kaivalya: 17 definitions
Kaivalya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Kaivaly.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Yoga (school of philosophy)Source: WikiPedia: Yoga
Kaivalya (कैवल्य) is the ultimate goal of Rāja-yoga and means “solitude”, “detachment” or “isolation”, a vrddhi-derivation from kevala “alone, isolated”. It is the isolation of puruṣa from prakṛti, and subsequent liberation from rebirth. The terms kevala, kaivalya, or kaivalya-mukti are encountered in the Upaniṣads, including the Śvetāśvatara (I and VI) Kaivalya (25), the Amṛtabindu (29) and the Muktikā (1.18, 26, 31) Upaniṣads.
The Yogatattva-upaniṣad (16-18) reads, “kaivalya is the very nature of the self, the supreme state (paramam padam). It is without parts and is stainless. It is the direct intuition of the Real-existence, intelligence and bliss. it is devoid of birth, existence, destruction, recognition, and experience. This is called knowledge.”
Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).
Samkhya (school of philosophy)Source: Shodhganga: Prakrti and purusa in Samkhyakarika an analytical review
Kaivalya (कैवल्य, “isolation”) refers to “isolation or absolute freedom”. The isolation (kaivalya) of puruṣa is inferred on the basis of its being totally opposite of the three guṇas. What is kaivalya? Vācaspti replies that kaivalya (isolation) denotes total absence of three types of sorrow (duḥkha). Gauḍapāda analyses the concept of kaivalya in more simple and clear manner. He says “kaivalya is the property of being isolated, having detached from others. That means the isolated element (puruṣa) is distinct from the three guṇas”. As the puruṣa is totally opposite of the three guṇas, so isolation (kaivalya) i.e total absence of the three types of sorrow (duḥkha) is natural in case of puruṣa. Absence of three guṇas (atraiguṇya) denotes absence of pleasure, pain and bewilderment (sukhaduḥkhamoharahittva).
Samkhya (सांख्य, Sāṃkhya) is a dualistic school of Hindu philosophy (astika) and is closeley related to the Yoga school. Samkhya philosophy accepts three pramanas (‘proofs’) only as valid means of gaining knowledge. Another important concept is their theory of evolution, revolving around prakriti (matter) and purusha (consciousness).
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)Source: VedaBase: Śrīmad Bhāgavatam
Kaivalya (कैवल्य) refers to “merging in the existence of the Lord”, according to the Śrīmad Bhāgavatam 4.20.23.—[...] There are others, namely jñānīs and yogīs, who want the benediction of merging into the existence of the Lord. This is called kaivalya. [...] Śrīla Prabodhānanda Sarasvatī Prabhu, a great devotee of Lord Caitanya, described that kaivalya is no better than a hellish condition of life, and as for the delights of the heavenly planets, they are factually will-o'-the-wisps, or phantasmagoria. They are not wanted by devotees. Devotees do not even care for the positions held by Lord Brahmā or Lord Śiva, nor does a devotee desire to become equal with Lord Viṣṇu. As a pure devotee of the Lord, Pṛthu Mahārāja made his position very clear.Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)
Kaivalya (कैवल्य) refers to “oneness, or mukti”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
Vedanta (school of philosophy)Source: Shodhganga: Siva Gita A Critical Study
Kaivalya (कैवल्य, “liberation”) refers to “absolute oneness, aloneness, perfect detachment, freedom”.—Kaivalya is the term used by Patañjali and others in the yoga tradition to name the goal and fulfillment of yoga, the state of complete detachment from transmigration. It is virtually synonymous with mokṣa.
Vedanta (वेदान्त, vedānta) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. There are a number of sub-schools of Vedanta, however all of them expound on the basic teaching of the ultimate reality (brahman) and liberation (moksha) of the individual soul (atman).
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
kaivalya (कैवल्य).—n S Becoming one with the Deity; absorption into the Divine essence.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
kaivalya (कैवल्य).—n Becoming one with the Deity, absorption into the Divine essence.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Kaivalya (कैवल्य).—[kevalasya bhāvaḥ ṣyañ]
1) Perfect isolation, soleness, exclusiveness.
2) Individuality; Bhāg.5.3.17.
3) Detachment of the soul from matter, identification with the supreme spirit.
4) Final emancipation or beatitude; Bhāg.1.8.27.
5) Everlasting disappearance of the three pains; कैवल्यं माध्यस्थ्यम् (kaivalyaṃ mādhyasthyam) Sāṅ. K.19.; कैवल्यार्थं प्रवृत्तेश्च (kaivalyārthaṃ pravṛtteśca) ibid. 17.
Derivable forms: kaivalyam (कैवल्यम्).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-lyaḥ-lyī-lyaṃ) Sole, only. n.
(-lyaṃ) 1. Eternal emancipation, future happiness. 2. Exclusiveness, individuality. E. kevala alone, free from all fetters, ṣyañ affix of the abstract.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Kaivalya (कैवल्य).—i. e. kevala + ya, n. 1. Complete absorption in the thought of the universal unity, absolute happiness, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in
Kaivalya (कैवल्य).—[neuter] exclusiveness, absolute oneness, eternal happiness, beatitude.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Kaivalya (कैवल्य):—n. ([from] kevala), isolation, [Vāmana’s Kāvyālaṃkāravṛtti]
2) absolute unity, [Vedāntasāra; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]
3) perfect isolation, abstraction, detachment from all other connections, detachment of the soul from matter or further transmigrations, beatitude, [Mahābhārata; Kapila’s Sāṃkhya-pravacana; Sāṃkhyakārikā] etc.
4) for vaikalya, [Rājataraṅgiṇī vii, 1149]
5) mf(ā)n. leading to eternal happiness or emancipation, [Mahābhārata xiii, 1101.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Kaivalya (कैवल्य):—(lyaṃ) 1. n. Eternal emancipation; individuality. a. Sole, only.
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
Kaivalya (कैवल्य):—(von kevala)
1) n. a) vollständige Isolation, Abstraction; der Eingang in einen solchen Zustand, absolute Glückseligkeit [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 4, 15.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 74.] apavargaśca yuktānāṃ kaivalyaṃ cātmavedinām [Mahābhārata 13, 1073.] kaivalyaṃ nirguṇaṃ viśvamanādimajamavyayam (kṛṣṇam) [?1, 2432. Kapila 1, 145. SĀṂKHYAK. 17. 19. 21. 68. Suśruta 1, 311, 10. Vedāntasāra 79. Colebrooke I, 235. 401. Bhāgavatapurāṇa 1, 7, 23. 3, 27, 19. - 1, 8, 27. 2, 3, 12. 3, 15, 16. 27, 28. 4, 20, 10. 23.] kaivalyopaniṣad f. Titel einer [UPANIṢAD] [Colebrooke I, 97.] [Weber’s Indische Studien 2, 9. fgg.] — b) Totalität [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3, 11, 2. 5, 3, 17.] — Davon
2) ein gleichlaut. adj. f. ā mit jenem Zustand in Verbindung stehend: jñānavijñānayuktānāṃ nirupākhyā nirañjanā . kaivalyā yā gatirdeva paramā sā gatirbhavān .. [Mahābhārata 13, 1101.]
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1) a) [Kapila 1, 144.] tadvairāgyādapi doṣabījakṣaye kaivalyam [Yogasūtra] in [Oxforder Handschriften 231,b,33.] sattvapuruṣayoḥ śuddhisāmye kaivalyam [?232,a,18. ebend. No. 562. Sânkhya Philosophy 47. WEBER, Rāmatāpanīya Upaniṣad 337. 362. Bhāgavatapurāṇa 10,51,20. SARVADARŚANAS. 79,3. 153,5. 154,12. 155,14. 159,2. 180,1.] kaivalyopaniṣad [Oxforder Handschriften 252,a,6. 270,a,26. 394,b,7.] Isolation, das Alleinstehen so v. a. die Befreiung vom Körper, Freiheit der Seele, also = mukti .
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1) b) Ausschliesslichkeit [VĀMANA 3, 1, 1.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung
1) n. — a) Alleinheit [Vāmana’s Kāvyālaṃkāravṛtti 3,1,1.] — b) absolute Einheit [289,13.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3,11,2.5,3,17.] — c) vollkommene Erlösung. — d) [Rājataraṃgiṇī 7,1149.] fehlerhaft für vaikalya —
2) Adj. (f. ā) zur vollkommenen Erlösung führend.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Kaivalya (कैवल्य) [Also spelled kaivaly]:—(nm) the Ultimate Realisation, Eternal Emancipation, Perfect Liberation.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Kaivalyadani, Kaivalyadipika, Kaivalyadyupanishada, Kaivalyakalikatantra, Kaivalyakalpadruma, Kaivalyananda, Kaivalyananda sarasvati, Kaivalyananda yogindra, Kaivalyapada, Kaivalyapati, Kaivalyaratna, Kaivalyasaudhanihshreni, Kaivalyasaudhanihshrenika, Kaivalyashrama, Kaivalyatantra, Kaivalyopanishad.
Ends with: Nitkaivalya.
Full-text (+11): Cinmatra, Kaivalyatantra, Kaivalyakalpadruma, Kaivalyadipika, Kaivalyananda, Kaivalyopanishad, Kaivalyendra, Dirghavishvavedasakaivalyadipika, Bhutayoni, Sarvashramin, Videhakaivalyaprapti, Samastasakshi, Kaivalyashrama, Kaivaly, Nitkaivalya, Pancagataya, Kaivalyapati, Samibha, Sayujya, Salokya.
Search found 48 books and stories containing Kaivalya; (plurals include: Kaivalyas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Siddhanta Sangraha of Sri Sailacharya (by E. Sowmya Narayanan)
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 3 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 20 - Kastūrī Raṅgācārya < [Chapter XX - Philosophy of the Rāmānuja School of Thought]
Part 4 - Viśiṣṭādvaita doctrine of Soul according to Rāmānuja and Veṅkaṭanātha < [Chapter XIX - The Philosophy of Yāmunācārya]
Part 8 - Bhikṣu’s criticism of the Sāṃkhya and Yoga < [Chapter XXII - The Philosophy of Vijñāna Bhikṣu]
Yoga Sutras with Vedanta Commentaries (by Patañjali)
Shiva Gita (study and summary) (by K. V. Anantharaman)
Preceptors of Advaita (by T. M. P. Mahadevan)