Jyotihshastra, Jyotiḥśāstra, Jyotiśśāstra, Jyotishshastra, Jyotish-shastra, Jyotis-shastra: 13 definitions


Jyotihshastra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Jyotiḥśāstra and Jyotiśśāstra can be transliterated into English as Jyotihsastra or Jyotihshastra or Jyotissastra or Jyotishshastra, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Jyotihshastra in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Jyotiḥśāstra (ज्योतिःशास्त्र) deals with topics such as the motions of the planets, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 1), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “[...] Enough of this (subject of Cosmogony) on account of its vastness. If these questions were discussed, it would swell very much in length. The subject I have now to treat of is the Aṅgaviniścaya (Saṃhitā) section of Jyotiṣaśāstra. Jyotiṣa-Śāstra treats of many different subjects and consists of three sections. The sages call the whole by the general name of Saṃhitā. This section which treats of the motions of the planets is called the Tantrā-śāstra (Saṃhitā or natural astrology). [...]”.

Source: Google Books: Studies in the History of the Exact Sciences (Astronomy)

Jyotiḥśāstra (ज्योतिःशास्त्र) refers to the “(whole range of) astral science”, according to Hemavijaya Gaṇin’s Kathāratnākara (A.D. 1600).—Accordingly, “The Brāhmaṇa, who is especially well-versed in the whole range of astral science [i.e., niḥśeṣa-Jyotiḥśāstra-kuśala], wore a forehead mark made of saffron and rice-grains—{The round vessel is made of ten palas of copper. In the ghaṭikā [bowl] the height should be made of six aṅgulas. The diameter there should be made to the measure of twelve aṅgulas. The good cherish a water clock that holds sixty palas of water}—dropped the bowl, made fully according to the aforementioned prescriptions, in a basin filled with clean water at the time of the setting of the divine sun”.

Source: academia.edu: Tithikarmaguṇa in Gārgīyajyotiṣa

Jyotiḥśāstra (ज्योतिःशास्त्र) is a text from a classical body of literature on the topic of Hindu astrology, known as jyotiṣa, dating to the medieval period of Classical Sanskrit literature. Pingree classifies as jyotiḥśastra (treatises on jyotiṣa) manuscripts on astronomy, mathematics, astrology and divination, and estimates that about 10% of surviving Sanskrit manuscripts belong to the category.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Jyotihshastra in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Jyotiśśāstra (ज्योतिश्शास्त्र) refers to the “astral lore ”, as explained in the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.23. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] on hearing the enquiry of Satī Śiva was delighted and He narrated them with pleasure in their entirety for raising the worldly creatures. [...] The duties of sons, wives etc. and their greatness, the imperishable system of Varṇas and Āśramas, the medical lore, and the astral lore (viz., jyotiśśāstra), all beneficent to worldly creatures were explained by him”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Jyotihshastra in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

jyōtiḥśāstra (ज्योतिःशास्त्र).—n (S) Astronomical or astrological science: also a treatise upon it.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Jyotihshastra in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jyotiḥśāstra (ज्योतिःशास्त्र).—n. (straṃ) 1. The science of Astronomy or astrology. E. jyotis and śāstra a Scripture.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jyotiḥśāstra (ज्योतिःशास्त्र).—[neuter] astronomy.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Jyotiḥśāstra (ज्योतिःशास्त्र) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Oppert. Ii, 93.
—by Cintāmaṇi. Io. 92.
—by Bhojarāja. Quoted in Dvaitapariśiṣṭa Oxf. 274^b. See Rājamārtaṇḍa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Jyotiḥśāstra (ज्योतिःशास्त्र):—[=jyotiḥ-śāstra] [from jyotiḥ > jyut] n. = tir-vidyā, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā i, 8 f.]

2) [v.s. ...] [cvi, 4; Śārṅgadhara-paddhati]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jyotiḥśāstra (ज्योतिःशास्त्र):—(straṃ) 1. n. Astronomy.

[Sanskrit to German]

Jyotihshastra in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Jyotihshastra in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Jyōtiśśāstra (ಜ್ಯೋತಿಶ್ಶಾಸ್ತ್ರ):—[noun] = ಜ್ಯೋತಿಷ - [jyotisha -] 2.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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