Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Disclaimer: These are translations of Sanskrit texts and are not necessarily approved by everyone associated with the traditions connected to these texts. Consult the source and original scripture in case of doubt.

Rig Veda 9.35.1

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

आ न॑: पवस्व॒ धार॑या॒ पव॑मान र॒यिं पृ॒थुम् । यया॒ ज्योति॑र्वि॒दासि॑ नः ॥
आ नः पवस्व धारया पवमान रयिं पृथुम् । यया ज्योतिर्विदासि नः ॥
ā naḥ pavasva dhārayā pavamāna rayim pṛthum | yayā jyotir vidāsi naḥ ||

English translation:

“Pour upon us, purifier, ample riches with that stream wherewith you bestow upon us light.”

Commentary by Sāyaṇa: Ṛgveda-bhāṣya

Yayā jyotir vidāsi naḥ: jyotis = sacrifice, or heaven


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): prabhuvasuḥ;
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): pavamānaḥ somaḥ ;
Chandas (meter): gāyatrī;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

आ नः॒ । प॒व॒स्व॒ । धार॑या । पव॑मान । र॒यिम् । पृ॒थुम् । यया॑ । ज्योतिः॑ । वि॒दासि॑ । नः॒ ॥
आ नः । पवस्व । धारया । पवमान । रयिम् । पृथुम् । यया । ज्योतिः । विदासि । नः ॥
ā | naḥ | pavasva | dhārayā | pavamāna | rayim | pṛthum | yayā | jyotiḥ | vidāsi | naḥ

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 9.35.1 English analysis of grammar]



“towards; ākāra; until; ā; since; according to; ā [suffix].”

naḥ < mad

[noun], accusative, plural

“I; mine.”

pavasva <

[verb], singular, Present imperative

“purify; filter; blow; purify; purge; sift.”

dhārayā < dhārā

[noun], instrumental, singular, feminine

“flush; flow; current; spring; fountain.”

pavamāna <

[verb noun], vocative, singular

“purify; filter; blow; purify; purge; sift.”

rayim < rayi

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“wealth; property.”

pṛthum < pṛthu

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“broad; wide; great; flat; pṛthu [word]; far.”

yayā < yad

[noun], instrumental, singular, feminine

“who; which; yat [pronoun].”

jyotir < jyotiḥ < jyotis

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“light; star; luminosity; fire; jyotis [word]; digestion; planet; light; sunlight.”

vidāsi < vid

[verb], singular, Present conjunctive (subjunctive)

“find; detect; marry; get; think.”

naḥ < mad

[noun], dative, plural

“I; mine.”

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