Jyotsna, Jyotsnā: 20 definitions
Jyotsna means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra
Jyotsnā (ज्योत्स्ना, “Moonlight”):—Third of the eight Mātṛs born from the body of Śaśinī, according to the Kubjikāmata-tantra. These eight sub-manifestations (mātṛ), including Jyotsnā, symbolize a connection to the moon. They are presided over by the Bhairava Krodha and his consort Vaiṣṇavī. Śaśinī is the third of the Eight Mahāmātṛs, residing within the Mātṛcakra (third of the five cakras) and represents the moon.
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
Jyotsna (ज्योत्स्न) refers to the “bright one”, and is used to describe Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.41.—Accordingly, as Viṣṇu and others eulogized Śiva:—“[...] obeisance to Śiva who is calm, the supreme and the highest soul, of matted hair, great lord and the bright one (jyotsna). You are the creator of the creators of the universe. You are the sustainer and the forefather, possessed of three attributes and attributeless. You are greater than primordial nature and the supreme Being”.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Jyotsnā (ज्योत्स्ना).—A river from the Sarayū (or Mānasa?).*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 18. 71.
1b) A kala of the moon.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 35. 92.
1c) A tanu of Prajāpati; men created from it were all delightful beings; of satva quality.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 9. 20; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 8. 21.
1d) A R. from the Śveta.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 47. 68.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
Jyotsnā (ज्योत्स्ना).—(Ι) name of a commentary by Rāmacandra possibly belonging to the 18th century on the Vājasaneyi Prātiśākhya; (2) name of a commentary on Nāgeśa's 'Laghuśabdenduśekhara by Udayaṃakara Pāṭhaka of Vārāṇasi in the 18th century.
Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.
Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)Source: Journal of the University of Bombay Volume V: Apabhramsa metres (2)
Jyotsnā (ज्योत्स्ना) is the name of a catuṣpadi metre (as popularly employed by the Apabhraṃśa bards), as discussed in books such as the Chandonuśāsana, Kavidarpaṇa, Vṛttajātisamuccaya and Svayambhūchandas.—Jyotsnā has 13 mātrās in each of its four lines (5, 5, IS).—Note: Khaṇḍa, Saṃgalitā, Padagalitā, Sundarāgalitā, Jyotsnā Upakhaṇḍa and Uddohaka are but other names of the Apsarovilasita.—[Apsarovilasita has 13 mātrās in each of its four lines, divided into the groups of 6, 4 and 3 mātrās or 4, 4 and 5 mātrās or 5, 5 and 3 mātrās.]
Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram
Jyotsnā (ज्योत्स्ना) refers to the “lustre of the moon”, according to the Śrīmatottara-tantra, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “[...] (These energies) [i.e., of the syllables of the Goddess’s Vidyā?] are (white) like the foam of a stream of milk and their light is like the lustre of the moon [i.e., jyotsnā-dyuti-samaprabha]. They rain down in a great stream onto the body with drops that are (like) streams of milk. One should think that the Self is there in middle (of the body) and its colour is (white like) milk. O goddess, this is the Wheel of the Moon”.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Yoga (school of philosophy)Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (yoga)
Jyotsnā (ज्योत्स्ना) refers to “moonlight”, according to the Amṛtasiddhi, a 12th-century text belonging to the Haṭhayoga textual tradition.—Accordingly, “The [four] bodily blisses whose last is [the bliss of] cessation all arise from bindu, just as moonlight (jyotsnā) arises from the moon”.
Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism
1) Jyotsnā (ज्योत्स्ना) is the name of Vidyārājñī (i.e., “wisdom queen”) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Jyotsnā).
2) Jyotsna (ज्योत्स्न) is the name of a Rāśi (zodiac sign) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa.
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Jyotsnā (ज्योत्स्ना).—[jyotirastyasyāṃ jyotiṣa upadhālopo naśca pratyayaḥ P.V.2.114 Sk.]
1) Moonlight; स्फुरत्स्फारज्योत्स्ना- धवलिततले क्वापि पुलिने (sphuratsphārajyotsnā- dhavalitatale kvāpi puline) Bhartṛhari 3.42; ज्योत्स्नावतो निर्विशति प्रदोषान् (jyotsnāvato nirviśati pradoṣān) R.6.34.
2) Light (in general).
3) An epithet of Durgā.
4) A moonlight-night.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-tsnā) 1. Moonlight. 2. Amoonlight night. 3. A small cucumber: see jyotsnī. E. jyotis light, ta affix, and the penultimate rejected, deriv. irr. fem. affix ṭāp; also with ṅiṣ, jyotsnī q. v.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Jyotsnā (ज्योत्स्ना).—i. e. jyut + sna, f. 1. Moonlight, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 4, 28, 34. 2. Light, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 28, 21 (pl.) 3. The name of a body of Brahman, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 20, 39.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Jyotsnā (ज्योत्स्ना).—[feminine] moonlight night, moonshine.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum
1) Jyotsnā (ज्योत्स्ना) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—a
—[commentary] on Hiraṇyakeśikalpasūtra. L. 1505.
—by Gopīnātha Bhaṭṭa. Np. Vi, 8.
2) Jyotsnā (ज्योत्स्ना):—a
—[commentary] on the Vājasaneyiprātiśākhya, by Rāmacandra.
3) Jyotsnā (ज्योत्स्ना):—Haṭhadīpikāṭīkā by Brahmānanda. L. 513.
4) Jyotsnā (ज्योत्स्ना):—Śabdenduśekharaṭīkā. B. 3, 26. Kāṭm. 9.
—by Udayaṃkara. K. 82. Bhk. 28.
5) Jyotsnā (ज्योत्स्ना):—Haṭhadīpikāṭīkā. read L. 1513.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Jyotsnā (ज्योत्स्ना):—[from jyut] f. ([Pāṇini 5-2, 114]) a moonlight night, [Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa ii, 2, 9, 7]
2) [v.s. ...] moonlight, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc. (ifc. f(ā). , [Kathāsaritsāgara cvii])
3) [v.s. ...] [plural] light, splendour, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa iii, 28, 21]
4) [v.s. ...] one of Brahmā’s bodies, 20, 39
5) [v.s. ...] one of the moon’s 16 Kalās, [Brahma-purāṇa ii, 15]
6) [v.s. ...] Durgā, [DevīP.; Devī-māhātmya]
7) [v.s. ...] the plant jyotsnī, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc. [Scholiast or Commentator]]
8) [v.s. ...] the plant ghoṣātakī, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Jyotsnā (ज्योत्स्ना):—(tsnā) 1. f. Moonlight.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Jyotsnā (ज्योत्स्ना):—(nf) the moonlight.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
Jyōtsna (ಜ್ಯೋತ್ಸ್ನ):—[noun] = ಜ್ಯೋತ್ಸ್ನೆ - [jyotsne -] 1.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Ends with: Brahmasiddhantajyotsna, Candrajyotsna, Naimbyavratasiddhantajyotsna, Nimbadityavratasiddhantajyotsna, Ramacandrajyotsna, Sadashanajyotsna, Sajyotsna, Sharajjyotsna, Siddhantajyotsna, Vanajyotsna.
Full-text (+55): Jyotsnapriya, Jyotsnavriksha, Jonha, Jyotsnesha, Junha, Sadashanajyotsna, Joisina, Jyotsnavant, Jyautsna, Grahapati, Jyotsnamaya, Jyotsnavapi, Jyotsnika, Jyotsnapakshatantra, Jyotsnakali, Jyotsnavat, Udayamkara, Jyotsnadhya, Sharajjyotsna, Ramacandrajyotsna.
Search found 12 books and stories containing Jyotsna, Jyotsnā, Jyōtsna; (plurals include: Jyotsnas, Jyotsnās, Jyōtsnas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Symbolism in Hindi Drama – II < [October 1952]
Book Reviews < [April – June, 2003]
Sumitranandan Pant < [April – June, July – September 1978]
Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Verse 2.4.30 < [Part 4 - Transient Ecstatic Disturbances (vyābhicāri-bhāva)]
Verse 2.1.100 < [Part 1 - Ecstatic Excitants (vibhāva)]
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (commentary) (by Śrī Śrīmad Bhaktivedānta Nārāyana Gosvāmī Mahārāja)
Verse 2.4.49 < [Chapter 4 - Vaikuṇṭha (the spiritual world)]
Verse 2.2.180 < [Chapter 2 - Jñāna (knowledge)]
Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara (Study) (by Debabrata Barai)
Part 7.9 - Poetic conventions regarding to the Moonlight < [Chapter 5 - Analyasis and Interpretations of the Kāvyamīmāṃsā]
Part 6.1d - Nihnutayoni (1): Tulyadehitulya < [Chapter 5 - Analyasis and Interpretations of the Kāvyamīmāṃsā]
The backdrop of the Srikanthacarita and the Mankhakosa (by Dhrubajit Sarma)
Part 6 - Kavisamaya or the poetic convention < [Chapter III - Literary Assessment Of The Śrīkaṇṭhacarita]
The Skanda Purana (by G. V. Tagare)