Jalaka, Jālaka, Jalākā: 12 definitions

Introduction

Jalaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Jālaka (जालक) refers to the “bud” of a flower, as mentioned in a list of four synonyms, according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees [viz., Jālaka] and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: archive.org: Ceylon Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society 1963

Jalaka is the name of a building at Mahāvihāra in Anurādhapura. The Jalaka or Lañjakāsana hall was built by Lañjatissa (B.C. 119-110). Mahāvihāra, also called the Tissārāma, was a region in the Southern Area of the city of Anurādhapura, founded in B.C. 246 by Devānaṃpiya Tissa and presented to the great Thera, Mahinda. Its territory (including Jalaka) comprised the Jotivana (previously called Nandana) and Mahāmegha Parks, the area to south and south-east of the citadel.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

jālaka : (m.) a bud; a small net.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Jālaka, (nt.) (jāla1+ka) 1. a net J. VI, 536; Dāvs. V, 51. ‹-› 2. a bud A. IV, 117 sq. (°jāta in bud).—f. jālikā chain armour Miln. 199. (Page 283)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

jaḷakā (जळका).—a (jaḷaṇēṃ) Burned, scorched, singed, seared.

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jaḷakā (जळका).—m (Nashik &c. jaḷaṇēṃ) Burning or great heat (of body): also prickly or vehement itching. v suṭa, hō. 2 Gnawing (in the throat or stomach) from bile. 3 Angry envying at or swelling against. v .

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

jaḷakā (जळका).—a Burned, singed, scorched.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jalaka (जलक).—A conch, shell.

Derivable forms: jalakam (जलकम्).

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Jalākā (जलाका).—A leech.

See also (synonyms): jalālukā, jalikā, jalukā, jalokā, jalokikā.

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Jālaka (जालक).—[jālamiva kāyati kai-ka]

1) A net.

2) A multitude, collection; बद्धं कर्णशिरीषरोधि वदने घर्माम्भसां जालकम् (baddhaṃ karṇaśirīṣarodhi vadane gharmāmbhasāṃ jālakam) Ś.1.3; R.9.68.

3) A lattice, window; जालकमुखोप गतान् (jālakamukhopa gatān) Śi.9.39; आननविलग्नजालकम् (ānanavilagnajālakam) R.9.68.

4) A bud, an unblown flower; अभिनवैर्जालकैर्मालतीनाम् (abhinavairjālakairmālatīnām) Me.98; so यूथिकाजालकानि (yūthikājālakāni) 26.

5) A kind of ornament (worn in the hair); तिलकजालकजालकमौक्तिकैः (tilakajālakajālakamauktikaiḥ) R.9.44 (ābharaṇaviśeṣaḥ).

6) A nest.

7) Illusion, deception.

8) A plantain or the fruit.

9) Pride.

1) A kind of tree; माधवीजालकादिभिः (mādhavījālakādibhiḥ) Bhāg.8.2.19.

-kaḥ 1 A window, lattice.

2) A fowler.

Derivable forms: jālakam (जालकम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Jālaka (जालक) or Jāla.—nt., probably bouquet of flowers (here withered ones, to be removed from caityas); so jālaka is used in Sanskrit; the only plausible alternative would be spider-web, which jāla also means in Sanskrit (compare Schmidt, Nachträge) and Pali. In any case it means something the removal of which from caityas is a work of merit: yo jālakāni apanaye (so read with v.l. for Senart upanaye) cetiyeṣu Mahāvastu ii.391.3; choretva jālaṃ jinacetiyeṣu 391.22, repeated in the sequel; parallel Śikṣāsamuccaya 306.2, 4 choritva jālaṃ; 6, 8, 10 apanīya (ed. em. upa°) jālaṃ. On the passage, misunderstood by Senart and Bendall, see s.v. chorayati. In the immediately following verses, Mahāvastu ii.392.21 ff., Śikṣāsamuccaya 306.11 ff., the meritorious removal of withered flowers is unambiguously mentioned.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jalaka (जलक).—n.

(-kaṃ) A conch, a shell.

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Jalākā (जलाका).—f.

(-kā) A. leech. E. jala, and ak to go, ac aff. jale ākāyate prakā- śate ā-kai-ka .

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Jālaka (जालक).—n.

(-kaṃ) 1. A bud, a germ. 2. An unblown flower. 3. A nest. 4. A net. 5. Pride. 6. A plantain, the fruit. 7. Multitude, assemblage. m.

(-kaḥ) A window, a lattice, a loop or eyelet-hole. f.

(-likā) 1. Armour, chain armour. 2. A kind of cloth or raiment, woollen cloth. 3. A leech. 4. A window. 5. Iron. E. jāla, and kan added, or jal to enclose, vun aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jālaka (जालक).—[jāla + ka], I. n. 1. A net, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 179. 2. (m?) A window, [Śiśupālavadha] 9, 39. 3. A bud, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 96. Ii. m. The name of a tree, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 8, 2, 18. Iii. f. likā. 1. A net. 2. A coat of mail, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 28, 26.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jālaka (जालक).—[neuter] net, web, grate, grated window, bundle of beeds or flowers, collection, multitude i.[grammar]; [masculine] a kind of tree; [feminine] jālikā net, veil, armour; multitude.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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