Jaitra: 16 definitions


Jaitra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Jaitra (जैत्र).—A son of Dhṛtarāṣṭra. It is mentioned in Mahābhārata, Śalya Parva, Chapter 26, Stanza 14, that he was killed by Bhīmasena in the battle of Bhārata.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Jaitra (जैत्र).—A servant of Kṛṣṇa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 71. 12.

1b) The chariot of Kṛṣṇa, that entered the sea before he left for Heaven.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 37. 51.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (kavya)

Jaitra (जैत्र) refers to “victory”, according to Kālidāsa’s Raghuvaṃśa verse 17.13.—Accordingly: “The Brahmins headed by the chaplain began to consecrate him who was destined to victory first with Atharvavedic mantras that lead to victory (jaitra)”.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram (shaivism)

Jaitra (जैत्र) refers to one of the disciples of Kūrma or Kūrmanātha: one of the “four Lords (teachers) of the Ages” (Yuganātha), according to the Kulakrīḍāvatāratantra.—Matsyendranātha is worshipped as the teacher of this Age along with three other teachers and their consorts who brought the Kaula Tantra into the world in the previous three Ages. These four Lords of the Ages (yuganātha) are highly revered in the Kālīkrama and came to be considered to be embodiments of the basic states of consciousness. Disciples of Kūrmanātha: According to the Kulakrīḍāvatāra-tantra: Jaitra and Ajita or Kullāīambā and Ānandamekhalā; According to the Ciñcinīmatasārasamuccaya: Ajita and Vijita.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Jaitra (जैत्र) is the name of Megharatha’s and Dṛḍharatha’s chariot, according to chapter 5.4 [śāntinātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly:—“[...] Megharatha, and also Dṛḍharatha, mounted the chariot Jaitra for battle, like the sun for the destruction of darkness. The soldiers of the two armies, like missile-clouds, lifted up and rained darts, spears, discs, javelins, staves, clubs, and arrows—arrows (of reed and iron), mouse-tail arrows, iron arrows, etc., balls of stone and balls of iron with their hands and machines. [...]”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

jaitra (जैत्र).—a S Victorious.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jaitra (जैत्र).—a. (-trī f.) [जेतृ-अण् (jetṛ-aṇ)]

1) Victorious, successful, leading to victory; जैत्रं यं ते अनुमदाम सङ्गमे (jaitraṃ yaṃ te anumadāma saṅgame) Ṛgveda 1.12.3; इदमिह मदनस्य जैत्रमस्त्रं विफलगुणातिशयं भविष्यतीति (idamiha madanasya jaitramastraṃ viphalaguṇātiśayaṃ bhaviṣyatīti) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 2.6; धनुर्जैत्रं रघुर्दधौ (dhanurjaitraṃ raghurdadhau) R.4.16;16.72; आकारयज्जयीजैत्रप्रयाणपटह- स्वनम् (ākārayajjayījaitraprayāṇapaṭaha- svanam) Śiva. B.29.64.

2) Superior.

-traḥ 1 A victor, conqueror.

2) Quick-silver.

-tram A Victory, triumph; जैत्रयात्रापरैः सद्यः परैः स परिभूयते (jaitrayātrāparaiḥ sadyaḥ paraiḥ sa paribhūyate) Śiva. B.16.41.

3) Superiority.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jaitra (जैत्र).—mfn.

(-traḥ-trī-traṃ) 1. Victorious, triumphant. 2. Leading to victory. m.

(-traḥ) 1. A conqueror, a victor. 2. Quicksilver. f. (-trī) A tree, (Æschynomene sesban.) E. jetṛ to conquer or excel, prajñā0 aṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jaitra (जैत्र).—i. e. jetṛ + a, adj., f. , Victorious, Mahābhārata 2, 490.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jaitra (जैत्र).—[feminine] ī victorious, triumphant.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Jaitra (जैत्र):—mf(ī)n. ([from] √ji) victorious, triumphant, superior, [Ṛg-veda i, 102, 3; x, 103, 5; Mahābhārata; Raghuvaṃśa] etc.

2) leading to victory, [Ṛg-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xiii; Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra iv, 13; Mahābhārata] etc.

3) m. a conqueror, [Horace H. Wilson]

4) Name of a son of Dhṛta-rāṣṭra, ix, 1404

5) n. victory, triumph, superiority, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda xx; Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa ii]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jaitra (जैत्र):—(traḥ) 1. m. A conqueror. a. Victorious, triumphant.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Jaitra (जैत्र) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Jaitta.

[Sanskrit to German]

Jaitra in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Jaitra (ಜೈತ್ರ):—[adjective] won; got success; successful (in a war, expedition, venture, etc.).

--- OR ---

Jaitra (ಜೈತ್ರ):—

1) [noun] a man who has won or is successful; victorious.

2) [noun] the overcoming of an enemy or antagonist.

3) [noun] achievement of mastery or success in a struggle or endeavour against odds or difficulties.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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