Ham, Haṃ: 13 definitions

Introduction:

Ham means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

1) Haṃ is a seed-syllable (bīja-mantra) and relates to the region of Space.

2) “Haṃ” is the bīja-mantra for ākāśa, (“ether” or “space”).

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

haṃ (हं).—An interjection indicating attention, intelligence, assent, approbation &c. It is the same with the more common form hāṃ, under which see some examples.

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hāṃ (हां).—ad ( H) A particle expressing consent, assent, admission, acknowledgment &c., yes. 2 An interjection indicative of sudden pleasure or of slight and agreeable surprise, corresponding well with the English Ah! yes! &c. Ex. hāṃ ātāṃ ślōka lāgalā; hāṃ hī kalpanā barī sucalī; hāṃ ātāṃ kāṭhī ragaḍūna pāṭhīvara basūṃ lāgalī kabūla hōtōsa kāya. 3 An interjection also of pain. v mhaṇa. See hāya. 4 An interjection to arouse, excite, awaken, and make attentive (to something that is to be enjoined or particularly inculcated). Ex. hāṃ khabaradāra puḍhēṃ bōlalāsa tara; hāṃ cālū dyā kāma puḍhēṃ basūṃ nakā.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

haṃ (हं).—An interj. indicating attention, assent.

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hāṃ (हां).—ad A particle expressing consent, Yes.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ham (हम्).—ind. An exclamation expressive of anger, courtesy, or respect.

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Ham (हम्).—1 P. To go.

Derivable forms: hamm (हम्म्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Ham (हम्).—interj., = next: Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya ii.27.11, expressing surprise.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ham (हम्).—Ind. 1. An interjection of wrath. 2. An expression of courtesy or respect. E. hā, ḍamu aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ham (हम्).—An interjection of wrath.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ham (हम्):—ind. an exclamation expressive of anger or courtesy or respect (also ham bho, or ham bhoḥ; cf. haṃho), [Divyāvadāna; Jātakamālā]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ham (हम्):—interj. Expressive of warmth, or respect.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Ham (हम्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Haṃ.

[Sanskrit to German]

Ham in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Ham in Hindi refers in English to:—(pro) we—plural form of the first person pronoun [maim]; (a) similar; equal; together; ~[umra] contemporary; of equal age; ~[khyala] having similar views/ideas; ~[jimsa] co-professional; ~[julpha] married to sisters; husband of wife’s sisters; ~[joli] associate or companion, of the same age group; ~[dama] a friend; ~[darda] sympathetic; a sympathizer; ~[dardi] sympathy; ~[nama] namesake; ~[pesha] co-professional; ~[bistara] sharing bed (with); sexually related; ~[bistari] going to bed together, having sexual intercourse; ~[majahaba] a co religionist; ~[raja] a confidant; ~[raha] travelling together; ~[rahi] a co traveller; ~[vatana] a compatriot; ~[vara] even; ~[shakla] having similar looks/appearance, exactly resembling (each other); ~[saphara] a co-traveller, travelling together; ~[sara] equal; ~[sari] equality; ~[saya] a neighbour; ~[sina] see ~[umra]..—ham (हम) is alternatively transliterated as Hama.

2) Hāṃ (हां):—(nf) yes, yea; (ind) a word-denoting agreement, fulfilment, affirmation, etc; [hāṃ-hāṃ] yes, yes; a word expressing negation/affirmation that would depend on its intonation); ~[jī-hāṃjī karanā] to chime in; to keep on flattering; —[meṃ hāṃ milānā] to keep on flattering, to say 'yes' to everything, to chime in; —[hāṃ karanā] to affirm, to say 'yes'.

context information

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Haṃ (हं) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Ham.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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