Dravyaguna, Dravyaguṇa, Dravya-guna: 8 definitions

Introduction:

Dravyaguna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Dravyaguna in Ayurveda glossary
Source: archive.org: Science And Technology In Medievel India (Ayurveda)

Dravyaguṇa (द्रव्यगुण) or Dravyaguṇādhyāya refers to the “chapter on properties of things” and is one of the 18 chapters of the Dravyaguṇasaṃgraha, as mentioned in A. Rahman’s Science and Technology in Medievel India: A bibliography of source materials in Sanskrit, Arabic and Persian.—Ancient and medieval India produced a wide range of scientific manuscripts and major contributions lie in the field of medicine, astronomy and mathematics, besides covering encyclopedic glossaries and technical dictionaries.—The Dravyaguṇasaṃgraha deals with cooking and eating in 18 sections [e.g. Dravyaguṇa-adhyāya].

Source: Ayurveda College: Guduchi

Dravya means “substance” or “material” and guna means “quality”. In Ayurvedic medicine, “dravya-guna” is the study of herbal medicine via the specific qualities of each herb. Based on these qualities, Ayurveda classifies herbs according to four categories:

  1. rasa (or "taste"),
  2. virya (or "potency"),
  3. vipaka (or "post-digestive effect"),
  4. prabhava (or "special action").
Source: PMC: The scientific basis of rasa (taste)

Dravyaguṇa (द्रव्यगुण, “pharmacology”), the Ayurvedic science of medicine in its all aspects, uses rasa (taste) of the substance as the primary tool to assess the pharmacological behavior of any substance.

There are five concepts of the substance, namely:

  1. rasa (taste),
  2. guṇa (properties),
  3. vīrya (potency),
  4. vipāka (rasa after digestion and metabolism)
  5. and prabhāva (specific pharmacological effect),

—which determine and explain the pharmacological behavior of a substance.

These five principles are nothing but manifestations of five mahābhūtas in specific states of activation. Therefore, these principles do indicate the structural and consequent activity of any substance.

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Dravyaguṇa (द्रव्यगुण):—1. Science that deals with substances used for health benefits in all their aspects like properties, actions, uses, sources, processing, quality, etc. 2. Branch of Ayurveda.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Dravyaguna in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Dravyaguṇa (द्रव्यगुण) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—med. by Gopāla. L. 2927.

2) Dravyaguṇa (द्रव्यगुण):—med. by Puruṣottama, son of Mādhava. Stein 183. 348.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dravyaguṇa (द्रव्यगुण):—[=dravya-guṇa] [from dravya > drava] m. Name of [work]

2) [v.s. ...] m. [plural] the accessories of (id est. unimportant) things, [Buddha-carita xi, 36]

[Sanskrit to German]

Dravyaguna in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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