Gunaka, Guṇaka: 14 definitions

Introduction:

Gunaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Guṇaka (गुणक).—Multiplier. Note: Guṇaka is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Guṇaka (गुणक) refers to the naivedya offerings in the month Āśvina for the Anaṅgatrayodaśī-Vrata, according to the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, the Anaṅgatrayodaśī-vrata is observed in honour of Śiva for acquiring virtue, great fortune, wealth and for destruction of sins [...] This vrata is to be performed for a year from Mārgaśīra.—In the month of Āśvina, the tooth-brush is that of durvā-wood. The food taken is svamodaka. The deity to be worshipped is Tridaśādhipati. The flowers used in worship are śatapatraka. The naivedya offerings is guṇaka. The result accrued equals gift of crores of gold.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Guṇaka, (adj.) (to guḷa1, cp. guḷika?) having a knot at the end, thickened at the top (with ref. to kāyabandha, see guṇa 1a) Vin.II, 136, cp. Vin. Texts II.143. (Page 252)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

guṇaka (गुणक).—m (S) In arithmetic. The multiplier.

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guṇaka (गुणक).—a (S) That reckons, computes, counts. 2 Modulus.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

guṇaka (गुणक).—m The multiplier.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Guṇaka (गुणक).—[guṇ-ṇvul]

1) A calculator.

2) A multiplier (in math.).

Derivable forms: guṇakaḥ (गुणकः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Guṇaka (गुणक).—m. (= Sanskrit guṇa, in vallakī-guṇa, [Boehtlingk and Roth]; perhaps -ka m.c.), string (of a musical instrument): Mahāvastu iii.82.4 (verse) ekādaśīṃ ca vīṇāṃ vādenti vallaki-(so Se- nart em., mss. vallihi, vallakīhi)-guṇakāṃ ca.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Guṇaka (गुणक).—m.

(-kaḥ) 1. A numerator, reckoner. 2. (In arithmetic,) The multiplier. E. guṇa to count, kkun aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Guṇaka (गुणक).—(adj. —°) = guṇa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Guṇaka (गुणक):—[from guṇa] m. a calculator, reckoner (for gaṇ), [Horace H. Wilson]

2) [v.s. ...] (in [arithmetic]) the multiplier, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhajjātaka viii, 4]

3) [v.s. ...] ifc. quality, [Vedāntasāra 43]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a maker of garlands, [Harivaṃśa 4479]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Guṇaka (गुणक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. A reckoner, a numerator; the multiplyer.

[Sanskrit to German]

Gunaka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Guṇaka (ಗುಣಕ):—[noun] = ಗುಣಕು [gunaku].

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Guṇaka (ಗುಣಕ):—

1) [noun] one who calculates or keeps accounts.

2) [noun] (math.) the number by which another number is or is to be, multiplied; a multiplier.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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