Gomaya: 20 definitions

Introduction:

Gomaya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Gomaya (गोमय) refers to “cow-dung” representing one of the five Pañcagavya (five cow-products), as defined in the Śivapurāṇa 1.16. Accordingly, “[...] the ceremonial ablution of the phallic emblem (liṅga) with Pañcagavya on Sundays is specially recommended. Pañcagavya is the compound of cow’s urine (gojala), dung (gomaya), milk (kṣīra), curd (dadhi) and ghee (ājya). Milk, curd and ghee can severally be used with honey and molasses. The offering of rice cooked in cow’s milk must be made with the syllable Om”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Gomaya (गोमय).—Cowdung as disinfectant.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 431; 13. 130.
Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Gomaya (गोमय) represents the food taken in the month Āṣāḍha for the Kṛṣṇāṣṭamī-Vrata, according to the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, the Kṛṣṇāṣṭamī-vrata is observed in honour of Śiva. [...] It starts from the month of Mārgaśira. It is observed on the eighth tithi of the dark fortnight and for a year.—In Āṣāḍha, food is gomaya, the deity is Ugra result is eight times that of śautrāmaṇi.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Gomaya (गोमय) refers to “cow-dung”. It is one of the six products of the cow, used in the worshop of the liṅga (known as goṣaḍaṅgavidhi), according to the Śivadharmottarapurāṇa

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Google Books: Studies in the History of the Exact Sciences (Astronomy)

Gomaya (गोमय) refers to “cow-dung”, according to the Ghaṭikāyantraghaṭanāvidhi, an unpublished manuscript describing the ritual connected with the setting up of the water clock and its invocation.—Accordingly, “[...] Now the characteristics of the ground on which the water clock is to be set up. On a ground, sloped to the east and north, which has been smeared with cow-dung [i.e., gomaya], a vessel called kuṇḍa, faultless (avraṇa) and auspicious, should be placed ... upon grains of rice and should be encircled with thread dyed in saffron; then it should be filled with clear water. The water clock (i.e. the bowl) should be placed on the placid water in the basin, when the Sun’s orb is half visible, after worshipping Gaṇeśa and the Sun, and after bowing to the teacher and to the personal deity. [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Gomaya (गोमय) refers to “cow dung”, according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “[...] One should make a level canopy [i.e., maṇḍapa] measuring sixteen (handspans) in a frightening forest, [...] O fair-faced one, one should then smear that place with the dung of a brown cow [i.e., kapilā-gomaya] mixed with liquor. (The place) should abound with the fragrance of perfumed water and be fumigated with sandalwood and aloe. There, one should fashion twenty-four circles. One should fashion them in groups of six in the east, north, west, and south in the sequence in which worship takes place (of the sacred seats)”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Gomaya (गोमय) refers to “cow-dung”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXXII-XXXIV).—Accordingly, “When one is making fire by friction, first the flame takes fire on the soft grass and dried cow dung (śuṣka-gomaya) and, as the strength of the fire increases, it is able to consume big pieces of moist wood. It is the same for the concentration of loving-kindness (maitrī-samādhi): at the beginning, when one make the vows for loving-kindness, one applies them only to one’s friends; but when the mind of loving-kindness has grown, enemies and relatives become mixed up and one sees them all as experiencing happiness: this is because the dhyānas or samāpattis of loving-kindness have grown and are becoming complete”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

gomaya : (nt.) cow-dung.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

gōmaya (गोमय).—n m S Cowdung. Ex. śuddha karuniyā gōmaya- gōḷa || mṛttikākaṇavirahita ||.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

gōmaya (गोमय).—n m Cowdung.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gomaya (गोमय).—a.

1) Consisting of cattle; य उदाजन् पितरो गोमयं वसु (ya udājan pitaro gomayaṃ vasu) Ṛgveda 1.62.2.

2) Defiled with cow-dung.

-yaḥ, -yam Cow-dung.

-yam Cowdung cake; उपलशकलमेतद्भेदकं गोमयानाम् (upalaśakalametadbhedakaṃ gomayānām) Mu.3.15.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Gomaya (गोमय).—(?) , m., offal, refuse, if this word is intended in Mahāvastu ii.65.7 gomayo ti (so Senart for mss. gometi) kṛtvā na siddhā, thinking it was offal, I did not prepare it as food; followed by, kumāro āha, na eṣā godhā abhakṣyā, bhakṣyā eṣā manuṣyāṇāṃ. As Senart remarks, this seems a strange use of gomaya, and I share his suspicion of the reading, but can suggest no good emendation.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gomaya (गोमय).—mn.

(-yaḥ-yaṃ) 1. Cowdung. 2. The property or nature of a cow. E. go a cow, and mayaṭ affix of relation or comprehension.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gomaya (गोमय).—[go + maya], m. and n. Cowdung, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 206.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gomaya (गोमय).—[adjective] consisting of cattle; [neuter] (often [plural]) [masculine] cow-dung.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Gomaya (गोमय):—[=go-maya] [from go] a mfn. consisting of cattle, [Ṛg-veda x, 62, 2]

2) [v.s. ...] defiled with cow-dung, [Rāmāyaṇa ii, v]

3) [v.s. ...] n. often [plural], rarely m. ([gana] ardharcādi) cow-dung, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xii; Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra; Kauśika-sūtra; Gobhila-śrāddha-kalpa; Manu-smṛti] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] n. dung, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā lv, 30]

5) [=go-maya] [from go] b (for the sake of euphony shortened for yaya), [Nominal verb] [Parasmaipada] yati, to smear with (cow-dung), [Dhātupāṭha xxxv, 24.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gomaya (गोमय):—[(yaḥ-yaṃ)] 1. m. n. Cow-dung; property or nature of a cow.

[Sanskrit to German]

Gomaya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Gōmaya (ಗೋಮಯ):—[noun] the excrement of a cow; cow-dung.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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