Gayashirsha, Gayaśīrṣa, Gayāśīrṣa, Gaya-shirsha: 4 definitions


Gayashirsha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Gayaśīrṣa and Gayāśīrṣa can be transliterated into English as Gayasirsa or Gayashirsha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (G) next»] — Gayashirsha in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Gayaśīrṣa (गयशीर्ष).—See Gayaśiras.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous (G) next»] — Gayashirsha in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Gayaśīrṣa (गयशीर्ष) is the name of a mountain where the Buddha spoke his Fire Sermon according to a footnote at the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter LI. Accordingly, “Accompanied by these 1000 Jaṭilas now Bhikṣus, the Tathāgata went to Mount Gayaśīrṣa, accomplished some miracles there and pronounced the famous Fire Sermon there. Following this sermon, the minds of these thousand Bhikṣus was liberated from the impurities by detachment, which means, in other words, that they attained Arhathood”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism

Gayāśīrṣa (गयाशीर्ष) is the name of a mountain situated in Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—The Gayāśīrṣa mountain is situated at Gayā from where the Gotama Buddha went to Uruvilva for the attainment of Perfect Enlightenment.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (G) next»] — Gayashirsha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Gayāśīrṣa (गयाशीर्ष).—m. (= Pali Gayāsīsa, Sanskrit Gayāśiras, Gaya°), n. of a mountain near Gayā: Mvy 4116; LV 246.8; 248.7; Mv ii.121.1; 200.9.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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