Gavya, Gavyā: 15 definitions

Introduction:

Gavya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Gavya (गव्य) refers to “milk coming from the cow”, as mentioned in verse 5.21-23 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] among the (different kinds of milk [viz., payas]), cow’s milk [viz., gavya] (is) a vitalizer (and) elixir; (it is) wholesome for pulmonary rupture and pulmonary consumption, intellectualizing, invigorative, productive of breast-milk, (and) purgative, (and) destroys fatigue, giddiness, intoxication, unbeautifulness, dyspnea, cough, excessive thirst, hunger, old fever, strangury, and hemorrhage [...]”.

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Gavya (गव्य) refers to “cow-milk” and is mentioned as being beneficial (hita) to the body according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—The dravyaguṇāguṇa section contains the discussions on different food articles and their dietetic effects according to the prominent Ayurvedic treatises. Here In the dugdha (milk) group Gavya (cow-milk) is mentioned as beneficial to the body (hita).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Gavya (गव्य) refers to a country belonging to “Uttaratas or Uttaradeśa (northern division)” classified under the constellations of Śatabhiṣaj, Pūrvabhādrapada and Uttarabhādrapada, according to the system of Kūrmavibhāga, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 14), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The countries of the Earth beginning from the centre of Bhāratavarṣa and going round the east, south-east, south, etc., are divided into 9 divisions corresponding to the 27 lunar asterisms at the rate of 3 for each division and beginning from Kṛttikā. The constellations of Śatabhiṣaj, Pūrvabhādrapada and Uttarabhādrapada represent the northern division consisting of [i.e., Gavya] [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Gavya.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘five’. Note: gavya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

gavya (गव्य).—n (S) Any produce of the cow,--milk, butter, curds, whey, dung &c.

--- OR ---

gavya (गव्य).—a S Relating to the cow, vaccine.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

gavya (गव्य).—a Relating to the cow. n Any pro- duce of the cow–milk, &c.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gavya (गव्य).—a. [gave hitaṃ yat]

1) Consisting of cattle or cows.

2) Coming or got from a cow (as milk, curds &c.); गव्येन दत्ते श्राद्धे तु संवत्सरमिहोच्यते (gavyena datte śrāddhe tu saṃvatsaramihocyate) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 13.88.8.

3) Proper or fit for cattle.

4) Sacred to the cow, worshipping the cow.

-vyam 1 Cattle, a herd of cows; गव्यं यव्यं यन्तो (gavyaṃ yavyaṃ yanto) Ṛgveda 1.14.13.

2) Pasture-land.

3) The milk, curds &c of a cow; Mahābhārata (Bombay) 13.66.13.

4) A bow-string; श्रवणोपा- न्तिकनीयमानगव्यम् (śravaṇopā- ntikanīyamānagavyam) Śiśupālavadha 2.19.

5) Colouring substance, yellow pigment.

6) The sacrificial act called गवामयनम् (gavāmayanam); गव्यस्य च तदादिषु (gavyasya ca tadādiṣu) Manusmṛti 8.1.18; गव्यमिति गवामयनं ब्रूमः (gavyamiti gavāmayanaṃ brūmaḥ) ŚB. on MS.8.1.18.

-vyā 1 A herd of cows.

2) A measure of distance equal to two Krośas.

3) A bow-string.

4) A colouring substance, yellow pigment.

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Gavyā (गव्या).—a. Ved.

1) Desire for cows; गव्यो षु णो यथा पुरा (gavyo ṣu ṇo yathā purā) Ṛgveda 8.46.1.

2) Desire, fervency.

3) Desire for what comes from a cow (as milk &c.); अया धिया च गव्यया (ayā dhiyā ca gavyayā) Ṛgveda 8.93.17.

4) Desire of battle.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gavya (गव्य).—mfn.

(-vyaḥ-vyā-vyaṃ) 1. Of or belonging to a cow, (as milk, curds, &c.) 2. Proper or fit for cattle. nf.

(-vyaṃ-vyā) A bowstring. f.

(-vyā) 1. A multitude of cows. 2. A measure of two Kos: see gavyūti. n.

(-vyaṃ) A colouring substance, a yellow pigment or dye. E. go a cow, &c. and yat aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gavya (गव्य).—i. e. go + ya, I. adj., f. , 1. Produced by a cow. 2. Consisting of milk. Ii. n. Milk.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gavya (गव्य).—[adjective] consisting of, belonging to, coming from cows or cattle; [feminine] gavyā desire for cows or milk, ardour of battle; [neuter] gavya cattle, milk, pasture-ground.

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Gavya (गव्य).—[adjective] consisting of, belonging to, coming from cows or cattle; [feminine] gavyā desire for cows or milk, ardour of battle; [neuter] gavya cattle, milk, pasture-ground.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Gavya (गव्य):—[from gav] 1. gavya [Nominal verb] [Parasmaipada] vyati, to desire cattle or cows, [Vopadeva xxi, 2];—See gavyat.

2) [v.s. ...] 2. gavya mfn. (or less common gavya, [Ṛg-veda] six times, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā v; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xiii]) ([Pāṇini 5-1, 2 and 39; 4-3, 160]) consisting of cattle or cows, coming from or belonging to a cow (as milk, curds, etc.; cf. pañcag), [Ṛg-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] proper or fit for cattle, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] sacred to the cow, worshipping the cow, [Pāṇini 4-1, 85], [vArttika] 9, [Patañjali]

5) [v.s. ...] m. [plural] Name of a people (living to the north of Madhya-deśa), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

6) Gavyā (गव्या):—[from gavya > gav] a f. a cow-herd, [Pāṇini 4-2, 50]

7) [v.s. ...] the measure commonly called Gav-yūti (q.v.), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] See also gavyā

9) Gavya (गव्य):—[from gav] fn. a bow-string, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] = gavya-dṛḍha, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] n. cattle, cow-herd, [Ṛg-veda i, 140, 13; v, 34, 8; vii, 18, 7] (gavya); ix, 62, 23

12) [v.s. ...] pasture land, [Aitareya-brāhmaṇa iv, 27, 9; Lāṭyāyana x, 17, 4]

13) [v.s. ...] cow-milk, [Kumāra-sambhava vii, 72.]

14) Gavyā (गव्या):—[from gav] 2. gavyā f. ([from] 1. gavya) desire for or delight in cows, [viii, 46, 10 and ix, 64, 4] ([instrumental case] vyā)

15) [v.s. ...] desire for (what comes from a cow id est. for) milk, [viii, 93, 17] ([instrumental case] vyayā).

16) Gavya (गव्य):—[from gaveśa] a etc., See, [ib.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gavya (गव्य):—[(vyaḥ-vyā-vyaṃ) a.] Of or belonging to a cow; fit for cattle. f. n. A bow-string. f. Multitude of cows. n. A pigment or yellow dye.

[Sanskrit to German]

Gavya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Gavya (ಗವ್ಯ):—

1) [adjective] consisting of cattle.

2) [adjective] of or relating to a cow or cows.

3) [adjective] coming or got from a cow.

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Gavya (ಗವ್ಯ):—

1) [noun] that which is got from a cow, as milk, any of the milk products, its urine, etc.

2) [noun] a herd of cows; cattle.

3) [noun] a pasture-land; a meadow.

4) [noun] the string of a bow.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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