Gaudi, Gauḍī: 8 definitions


Gaudi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Google Books: Manusmṛti with the Manubhāṣya

Gauḍī (गौडी)—One of three kinds of wine.—Gauḍī is that which is distilled from guḍa (‘molasses’). Even according to those persons who make wine directly from fermented cane-juice itself, the article distilled is Gauḍī, ‘distilled from guḍa’, in the sense that the name of the product, (guḍa, molasses) is applied to the cause (cane-juice). (See the Manubhāṣya verse 11.94)

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Gauḍī (गौडी) refers to one of the types of Rīti (‘style’ or ‘essence’ of poetry) according to Bharata (Nāṭyaśāstra VI.25-26), Agnipurāṇa (adhyāya 340), Bhāmaha (Kāvyālaṃkāra I.35), Daṇḍin (Kāvyādarśa II.9), Vāmana (Kāvyālaṃkārasūtravṛtti 2.9), Rājaśekhara (Kāvyamīmāṃsā, p. 10), Rudraṭa (Kāvyālaṃkāra), Viśvanātha Kavirāja (Sāhityadarpaṇa IX.1-2) and Bhoja (Sarasvatīkaṇṭhābharaṇa).

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Gauḍi (गौडि) refers to a type of liquor (madya) mentioned in the Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—In the gauḍi type of liquor, jaggery forms the main component, the term mādhvī is used for sweet beverages and paiṣṭī for grain fermented beverages.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Kavyashastra (science of poetry)

Source: Shodhganga: Bhismacaritam a critical study

Gauḍī (गौडी) or Gauḍīrīti refers to one of the three types of Rīti (‘dictions’), as employed in the Bhīṣmacarita (Bhishma Charitra) which is a mahākāvya (‘epic poem’) written by Hari Narayan Dikshit.—In wide contrast to [vaidarbhī-rīti], there is the second one, the ‘gauḍī-rīti’ which may be termed as the bombastic style. It is a strong mode of expression and consists of hard consonants with stiff diphthongs. It is profusely chequered with compounds which are very often unusually long. So far as ‘guṇas’ are concerned, the ‘ojas’ mainly holds it sway over this style. It is verbose and full of alliterations. It is a very suitable vehicle of suggestion for the raudra (Furious) and the Vīra (Heroic) sentiments.

Bhīṣmacarita XV.15 is a good example of ‘gauḍī-rīti’.—In this verse the description of Karṇa is portrayed by our poet in a bombastic language with complicated and lengthy compounds consisting of harsh syllables. It is verbose and frequent repetition of syllables ‘śa’, ‘tra’ and ‘dya’ occurs in it forming alliteration. This vigorous portrayal of Karṇa qualifies in it the ‘ojas-guṇa’ also. So it can be cited as a striking illustration of our poet’s successful use of this style. The heroic rasa in the description of war and valour of Karṇa are all couched in the ‘gauḍī-rīti’.

Kavyashastra book cover
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Kavyashastra (काव्यशास्त्र, kāvyaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian tradition of poetry (kavya). Canonical literature (shastra) of the includes encyclopedic manuals dealing with prosody, rhetoric and various other guidelines serving to teach the poet how to compose literature.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Gauḍī.—name applied to the East Indian alphabet, langu- age and style of composition. Note: gauḍī is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

gauḍī (गौडी).—f S Spirit distilled from gūḷa or raw sugar. 2 A particular rāgiṇī. See rāga.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Gauḍī (गौडी):—[from gauḍa] f. ([especially] ī with rīti, the Gauḍian style of poetry, viz. the bold and spirited style, [Kāvyādarśa i, 40; Vāmana’s Kāvyālaṃkāravṛtti; Pratāparudrīya] etc.)

2) [v.s. ...] f. with rīti See before

3) [v.s. ...] rum or spirit distilled from molasses ([Religious Thought and Life in India] p.193), [Manu-smṛti xi, 95; Mahābhārata viii, 2034; Gṛhyāsaṃgraha ii, 16]

4) [v.s. ...] (in music) Name of a Rāgiṇī.

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Gauḍi (ಗೌಡಿ):—

1) [noun] the wife of the chief of a village.

2) [noun] a female servant.

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Gauḍi (ಗೌಡಿ):—

1) [noun] = ಗೌಡ [gauda]2 - 2.

2) [noun] the spirituous liquor made from the thick syrup produced during the refining of sugar.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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