Uttarapatha, aka: Uttarāpatha, Uttara-patha; 5 Definition(s)


Uttarapatha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism


[Uttarapatha in Purana glossaries]

Uttarāpatha (उत्तरापथ).—North Bhārata. (Mahābhārata Śānti Parva, Chapter 207, Stanza 43).

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Uttarāpatha (उत्तरापथ).—(c)—the country, north of the Vindhyas; had Kārūṣas as kings;1 in charge of 50 sons of Īkṣvāku beginning with Śakuni.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 2. 16; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 63. 10; Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 10.
  • 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 2. 13; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 63. 90; Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 9.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[Uttarapatha in Kavya glossaries]

Uttarāpatha (उत्तरापथ) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—The region to the north of Pṛthudaka (or Pehoa, in the Karnal district of Punjab on the river Sarasvatī) is called by the name Uttarapatha. Prthudaka is fourteen miles to the west of Thaneśvara.

(Source): Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[Uttarapatha in Theravada glossaries]

The northern division of Jambudipa. Its boundaries are nowhere explicitly stated in Pali literature. It has been suggested (See Law, Early Geog. of Bsm., pp.48ff) that Uttarapatha was originally the name of a great trade route, the northern high road which extended from Savatthi to Takkasila in Gandhara, and that it lent its name - as did the Dakkhinapatha - to the region through which it passed. If this be so, the name would include practically the whole of Northern India, from Anga in the east to Gandhara in the north west, and from the Himalaya in the north to the Vindhya in the south. According to the brahmanical tradition, as recorded in the Kavyamimamsa (p.93), the Uttarapatha is to the west of Prithudaka (Pehoa, about fourteen miles west of Thaneswar).

The chief divisions included in this territory are mentioned in the Pali literature as Kasmira Gandhara and Kamboja. This region was famous from very early times for its horses and horse dealers (See, e.g., Vin.iii.6; Sp.i.175), and horses were brought down for sale from there to such cities as Benares (J.ii.287).

In Uttarapatha was Kamsabhoga, where, in the city of Asitanjana, King Mahakamsa reigned (J.iv.79). The Divyavadana (p.470) mentions another city, Utpalavati.

According to the Mahavastu (iii.303), Ukkala, the residence of Tapassu and Bhalluka, was in Uttarapatha, as well as Takkasila, the famous university (Mtu.ii.166).

There was regular trade between Savatthi and Uttarapatha (PvA.100).

Anganika Bharadvaja had friends in Uttarapatha (ThagA.i.339).

(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Uttarapatha in Sanskrit glossaries]

Uttarapatha (उत्तरपथ).—the northern way, way leading to the north; the northern country; P.V.1 77. उत्तरपथेनाहृतं च (uttarapathenāhṛtaṃ ca).

Derivable forms: uttarapathaḥ (उत्तरपथः).

Uttarapatha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms uttara and patha (पथ).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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