Uttarapatha, aka: Uttarāpatha; 2 Definition(s)


Uttarapatha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism


Uttarāpatha (उत्तरापथ).—(c)—the country, north of the Vindhyas; had Kārūṣas as kings;1 in charge of 50 sons of Īkṣvāku beginning with Śakuni.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 2. 16; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 63. 10; Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 10.
  • 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 2. 13; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 63. 90; Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 9.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

The northern division of Jambudipa. Its boundaries are nowhere explicitly stated in Pali literature. It has been suggested (See Law, Early Geog. of Bsm., pp.48ff) that Uttarapatha was originally the name of a great trade route, the northern high road which extended from Savatthi to Takkasila in Gandhara, and that it lent its name - as did the Dakkhinapatha - to the region through which it passed. If this be so, the name would include practically the whole of Northern India, from Anga in the east to Gandhara in the north west, and from the Himalaya in the north to the Vindhya in the south. According to the brahmanical tradition, as recorded in the Kavyamimamsa (p.93), the Uttarapatha is to the west of Prithudaka (Pehoa, about fourteen miles west of Thaneswar).

The chief divisions included in this territory are mentioned in the Pali literature as Kasmira Gandhara and Kamboja. This region was famous from very early times for its horses and horse dealers (See, e.g., Vin.iii.6; Sp.i.175), and horses were brought down for sale from there to such cities as Benares (J.ii.287).

In Uttarapatha was Kamsabhoga, where, in the city of Asitanjana, King Mahakamsa reigned (J.iv.79). The Divyavadana (p.470) mentions another city, Utpalavati.

According to the Mahavastu (iii.303), Ukkala, the residence of Tapassu and Bhalluka, was in Uttarapatha, as well as Takkasila, the famous university (Mtu.ii.166).

There was regular trade between Savatthi and Uttarapatha (PvA.100).

Anganika Bharadvaja had friends in Uttarapatha (ThagA.i.339).

(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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