Uttarapatha, Uttara-patha, Uttarāpatha: 12 definitions



Uttarapatha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Uttarapatha in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Uttarāpatha (उत्तरापथ).—North Bhārata. (Mahābhārata Śānti Parva, Chapter 207, Stanza 43).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Uttarāpatha (उत्तरापथ).—(c)—the country, north of the Vindhyas; had Kārūṣas as kings;1 in charge of 50 sons of Īkṣvāku beginning with Śakuni.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 2. 16; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 63. 10; Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 10.
  • 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 2. 13; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 63. 90; Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 9.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Uttarapatha in Kavya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara

Uttarāpatha (उत्तरापथ) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—The region to the north of Pṛthudaka (or Pehoa, in the Karnal district of Punjab on the river Sarasvatī) is called by the name Uttarapatha. Prthudaka is fourteen miles to the west of Thaneśvara.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Uttarapatha in Theravada glossary
Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

The northern division of Jambudipa. Its boundaries are nowhere explicitly stated in Pali literature. It has been suggested (See Law, Early Geog. of Bsm., pp.48ff) that Uttarapatha was originally the name of a great trade route, the northern high road which extended from Savatthi to Takkasila in Gandhara, and that it lent its name - as did the Dakkhinapatha - to the region through which it passed. If this be so, the name would include practically the whole of Northern India, from Anga in the east to Gandhara in the north west, and from the Himalaya in the north to the Vindhya in the south. According to the brahmanical tradition, as recorded in the Kavyamimamsa (p.93), the Uttarapatha is to the west of Prithudaka (Pehoa, about fourteen miles west of Thaneswar).

The chief divisions included in this territory are mentioned in the Pali literature as Kasmira Gandhara and Kamboja. This region was famous from very early times for its horses and horse dealers (See, e.g., Vin.iii.6; Sp.i.175), and horses were brought down for sale from there to such cities as Benares (J.ii.287).

In Uttarapatha was Kamsabhoga, where, in the city of Asitanjana, King Mahakamsa reigned (J.iv.79). The Divyavadana (p.470) mentions another city, Utpalavati.

According to the Mahavastu (iii.303), Ukkala, the residence of Tapassu and Bhalluka, was in Uttarapatha, as well as Takkasila, the famous university (Mtu.ii.166).

There was regular trade between Savatthi and Uttarapatha (PvA.100).

Anganika Bharadvaja had friends in Uttarapatha (ThagA.i.339).

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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism

Uttarāpatha refers to “northern India”: a district of ancient India comprising the Punjab proper including Kashmīr and the adjoining hill states; as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—According to Chinese Buddhist writers, Northern India (Uttarāpatha) comprised the Punjab proper including Kashmīr and the adjoining hill states with the whole of eastern Afganisthan beyond the Indus, and the present Cis-satlej States to the west of the Saraswatī river.

Uttarāpatha too may supposed to have been originally a great trade route – the northern high road, so to speak, which extended from Sāvatthī to Takkasīlā in Gāndhāra, and have lent, precisely like the southern high road, its name to the region through which it passed, i.e., the region covering, broadly speaking, the north-western part of the United Provinces, and the whole of the Punjab and the North-western Frontier Provinces. But this definition of Uttarāpatha is nowhere explicitly stated in Pāli literature. It is, therefore, not at all improbable that Uttarāpatha in Pāli literature might have also signified the same region, i.e., the entire northern India from Aṅga in the east to Gandhāra in the north-west and from the Himalayas in the north to the Vindhyās in the south as under stood by its later and wider sense (i.e., the whole of Āryāvarta), e.g., in the Cālukya inscriptions of the 7th and 8th centuries A.D.

Of the sixteen Mahājanapadas that existed in India during the days of the Buddha, Gandhāra (Kashmīr and Takshasīlā) and Kamboja (north-west India near Gandhāra) are included in Uttarāpatha (Northern India).

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Uttarapatha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Uttarapatha (उत्तरपथ).—the northern way, way leading to the north; the northern country; P.V.1 77. उत्तरपथेनाहृतं च (uttarapathenāhṛtaṃ ca).

Derivable forms: uttarapathaḥ (उत्तरपथः).

Uttarapatha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms uttara and patha (पथ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Uttarāpatha (उत्तरापथ).—m.

(-thaḥ) The north, a northern road or direction. E. uttara and pathin a road, the final of uttara lengthened.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Uttarāpatha (उत्तरापथ).—[masculine] the northern path, the north.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Uttarapatha (उत्तरपथ):—[=uttara-patha] [from uttara > ut-tama] m. the northern way, the way leading to the north

2) [v.s. ...] the northern country, [Pāṇini 5-1, 27, etc.]

3) Uttarāpatha (उत्तरापथ):—[=uttarā-patha] [from uttara > ut-tama] m. the northern road or direction, the northern country, north, [Pañcatantra; Hitopadeśa; Kathāsaritsāgara etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Uttarāpatha (उत्तरापथ):—[uttarā-patha] (thaḥ) 1. m. The north.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Uttarapatha (उत्तरपथ):—m. Nordland.

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Uttarāpatha (उत्तरापथ):—m. Nordland.

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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