Jalayantra, Jala-yantra: 15 definitions



Jalayantra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Jalayantra in Kavya glossary
Source: archive.org: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa

Jalayantra (जलयन्त्र) refers to a “device for spouting water” (an artificial fountain), and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 18.14.

Source: academia.edu: Bhoja’s Mechanical Garden

Jalayantra (जलयन्त्र) refers to “fountains” and represents a mechanical device (yantras), which were known in India from early times. Treatises on polity and war described the use of different types of yantras in warfare. Many yantras were particularly associated with gardens (lending further credence to the garden as a place of human artifice), because the manipulation of water flows formed one of the chief sources of power for mechanical devices. In gardens it was most often used to create fountains and water jets—the fountain (jalayantra) and fountain house (yantradhārāgṛha) were them-selves considered mechanical devices, as their very names make plain. Even animal and human automata-like objects were apparently not unknown.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Jalayantra in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Shodhganga: The Caraka Saṃhitā and the Suśruta Saṃhitā

Jalayantra (जलयन्त्र) refers to an “instrument for sprinkling water” according to the Carakasaṃhitā Cikitsāsthāna 24.158.—The patient of paittika type alcoholism is prescribed the following measures: use of cooling beds and seats (according to Suśruta it is a bed of blooming lotuses or of padmini petals covered with water droplets); walks in cool gardens; use of silk garments, lotus, water-lily, gems and pearls; and the application of sandal paste. Patients are advised to touch vessels of gold, silver and bronze filled with cold water and of leather bags containing ice, and embrace women smeared with sandal paste. The use of jalayantra (instrument for sprinkling water), vātayantra (instrument for blowing air in the room), and dhāragṛha (a room where water is sprinkled from the roof) are deemed beneficial.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Jala-yantra.—(SII 2, 3), a water-lever. Note: jala-yantra is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Jalayantra in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

jalayantra (जलयंत्र).—n (S) A water-work; a water engine or machine gen.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

jalayantra (जलयंत्र).—n A water-work; a water-engine.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Jalayantra in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jalayantra (जलयन्त्र).—

1) a machine for raising water (Mar. rahāṭa).

2) a waterclock, clepsydra.

3) a fountain. °गृहम्, °निकेतनम्, °मन्दिरम् (gṛham, °niketanam, °mandiram) a house erected in the midst of water (a summerhouse) or one supplied with artificial fountains; क्वचिद् विचित्रं जलयन्त्रमन्दिरम् (kvacid vicitraṃ jalayantramandiram) Ṛs.1.2.

Derivable forms: jalayantram (जलयन्त्रम्).

Jalayantra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms jala and yantra (यन्त्र).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Jalayantra (जलयन्त्र).—[, read jatu°, q.v. But in Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya iii.16.10 occurs jala-yantraka, lit. water-machine, something used in water-play with women; Tibetan chu (water) la spal paḥi skad ḥbyin (?).]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jalayantra (जलयन्त्र).—n.

(-ntraṃ) A water-work, a machine for raising water, &c., any contrivance connected with that element. E. jala, and yantra a machine. jalānām utkṣepaṇārthaṃ yantram . (phoyārā) .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jalayantra (जलयन्त्र).—n. a machine for raising water, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 8425.

Jalayantra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms jala and yantra (यन्त्र).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jalayantra (जलयन्त्र).—[neuter] water-engine.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Jalayantra (जलयन्त्र):—[=jala-yantra] [from jala] n. = traka, [Harivaṃśa 8425]

2) [v.s. ...] a clepsydra, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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