Dharanidhara, Dharaṇīdhara, Dharaṇidhara, Dharani-dhara: 17 definitions


Dharanidhara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

[«previous next»] — Dharanidhara in Vyakarana glossary
Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Dharaṇīdhara (धरणीधर).—A grammarian of the sixteenth century at the court of Udayasimha who wrote a commentary on the sutras of Panini which was named वैयाकरणसर्वस्व (vaiyākaraṇasarvasva) as also a commentary on the Siksa of Panini.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Dharanidhara in Purana glossary
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Dharaṇīdhara (धरणीधर) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. XIV.8.26, XIV.8) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Dharaṇīdhara) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Dharanidhara in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Dharaṇīdhara (धरणीधर) or Dharaṇīdharaśaila is the name of a mountain whose lord is named Vikrośana: a Vidyādhara king who fought on Śrutaśarman’s side but was slain by Prabhāsa, who participated in the war against Sūryaprabha, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 48. Accordingly: “... when they heard that [speech of Śrutaśarman], eight warriors in anger surrounded Prabhāsa.... And the second warrior was a chief of the Vidyādharas named Vikrośana, the king of the rock Dharaṇīdhara”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Dharaṇīdhara, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

[«previous next»] — Dharanidhara in Vastushastra glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (vastu)

Dharaṇīdhara (धरणीधर) refers to one of the hundred types of Temples (in ancient Indian architecture), according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—It is quite difficult to say about a definite number of varieties of Hindu temples but in the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa hundred varieties of temples have been enumerated. For example, Dharaṇīdhara. These temples are classified according to the particular shape, amount of storeys and other common elements, such as the number of pavilions, doors and roofs.

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Dharanidhara in Mahayana glossary
Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Dharaṇīdhara (धरणीधर) refers to “upholding the earth”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, as Bodhisattva Gaganagañja explains to Bodhisattva Ratnaśrī what kind of concentration should be purified: “[...] (31) [when the Bodhisattvas attain] the concentration called ‘Like a thunderbolt’, they will understand all dharmas; (32) [when the Bodhisattvas attain] the concentration called ‘Being endowed with good conduct’, they will know the entrance into the thoughts and deeds of all living beings; (33) [when the Bodhisattvas attain] concentration called ‘Upholding the earth’ (dharaṇīdhara-samādhi), there will be no greed or hatred; [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Dharanidhara in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu

Dharaṇīdhara (धरणीधर) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Dharaṇīdhara] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

Source: archive.org: The Jaina Iconography

Dharaṇīdhara (धरणीधर) is another name for Dharaṇendra, the Yakṣa accompanying Pārśvanātha: the twenty-third of twenty-four Tīrthaṃkaras or Jinas, commonly depicted in Jaina iconography.—Pārśvanātha is one of the greatest Tīrthaṃkaras or Prophets of Jainism. [...] From all sources, we gather his emblem or cognizance is a snake. In sculpture, snake seems to be everything with him. Not only do we find snake in the usual place of the symbol, we find, snakes canopy him with three or seven or eleven hoods. His Yakṣa is called Pārśva or Vāmana or Dharaṇendra and Yakṣiṇī is called Padmāvatī. The king, who stands by his side as a Chowri-bearer is known as Ajitarāja. The Devadāru (Deodar) or Dhātaki is his Kevala-tree.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Dharanidhara in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dharaṇidhara (धरणिधर) or Dharaṇīdhara (धरणीधर).—

1) an epithet of Śeṣa.

2) of Viṣṇu.

3) a mountain, सर्वतो मामविध्यन्त सरथं धरणीधरैः (sarvato māmavidhyanta sarathaṃ dharaṇīdharaiḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 3.172.9; hence °सुता (sutā) = Pārvatī; अन्यं तेनैव तुल्यं धरणिधरसुता प्रार्थयामास पत्यौ (anyaṃ tenaiva tulyaṃ dharaṇidharasutā prārthayāmāsa patyau) Sūkti.5.96.

4) a tortoise.

5) a king.

6) an elephant fabled to support the earth.

Derivable forms: dharaṇidharaḥ (धरणिधरः), dharaṇīdharaḥ (धरणीधरः).

Dharaṇidhara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms dharaṇi and dhara (धर).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dharaṇidhara (धरणिधर).—m.

(-raḥ) A name of Vishnu. E. dharaṇi the earth and dhara who sustains; also dharaṇīdhara, dharaṇīṃ dharati dhṛ-ac .

--- OR ---

Dharaṇīdhara (धरणीधर).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. Vishnu. 2. A mountain. 3. A tortoise see dharaṇidhara.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dharaṇīdhara (धरणीधर).—I. adj. holding the earth, Mahābhārata 13, 6159. Ii. m. 1. a mountain, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 16, 4. 2. a king, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 3, 63.

Dharaṇīdhara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms dharaṇī and dhara (धर).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dharaṇidhara (धरणिधर).—[adjective] holding or supporting the earth; [masculine] a mountain, [Epithet] of Viṣṇu-Kṛṣṇa.

--- OR ---

Dharaṇīdhara (धरणीधर).—[adjective] & [masculine] = dharaṇidhara.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Dharaṇīdhara (धरणीधर) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Compare Mahīdhara.

2) Dharaṇīdhara (धरणीधर):—father of Dayāśaṅkara (Śāṅkhāyanagṛhyasūtraprayogadīpa, etc.). W. p. 33. L. 1525.

3) Dharaṇīdhara (धरणीधर):—father of Vāsudeva, grandfather of Harinātha (Rāmavilāsakāvya). Oxf. 132^b.

4) Dharaṇīdhara (धरणीधर):—poet. [Sūktikarṇāmṛta by Śrīdharadāsa]

5) Dharaṇīdhara (धरणीधर):—
—[commentary] on Mānavadharmaśāstra. Often quoted by Kullūka.

6) Dharaṇīdhara (धरणीधर):—pupil of Mahādeva, composed in 1398: Pāṇinīyaśikṣāpañjikā. Io. 3193.

7) Dharaṇīdhara (धरणीधर):—Bhaktitattvarasāyana. [Oudh 1876-1877]. 30.

8) Dharaṇīdhara (धरणीधर):—Yogapaddhati, yoga. [Oudh 1876-1877]. 26.

9) Dharaṇīdhara (धरणीधर):—Rasavatīśataka kāvya. Bl. 4.

10) Dharaṇīdhara (धरणीधर):—Vaiyākaraṇasarvasva. Rādh. 9. NW. 64.

11) Dharaṇīdhara (धरणीधर):—
—[commentary] on Śrīnivāsavilāsacampū.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dharaṇidhara (धरणिधर):—[=dharaṇi-dhara] [from dharaṇi > dhara] m. ‘earth-bearer’, Name of Viṣṇu or Kṛṣṇa, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa] (cf. pṛthu-dharaṇi-dh)

2) [v.s. ...] a mountain, [Mahābhārata] (cf. ṇī-dh).

3) Dharaṇīdhara (धरणीधर):—[=dharaṇī-dhara] [from dharaṇī > dhara] mfn. bearing or sustaining the earth

4) [v.s. ...] m. Name of Viṣṇu or Kṛṣṇa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] of Śiva, [Mahābhārata]

6) [v.s. ...] of Śeṣa, [Harivaṃśa]

7) [v.s. ...] of the mythic. elephants fabled to support the earth, [Mahābhārata]

8) [v.s. ...] a mountain, [Mahābhārata] etc.

9) [v.s. ...] a tortoise, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] a king, [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

11) [v.s. ...] Name of a man of the family of Maunin and son of Maheśvara, [Inscriptions]

12) [v.s. ...] of the father of Śaśi-dhara, [ib.]

13) [v.s. ...] of the father of Vāsudeva and grandfather of the author Hari-nātha, [Catalogue(s)]

14) [v.s. ...] of the father of Dayā-śaṃkara, [ib.]

15) [v.s. ...] of a [Scholiast or Commentator] on [Manu-smṛti; Manvarthamuktāvalī, kullūka bhaṭṭa’s Commentary on manu-smṛti]

16) [v.s. ...] of a poet and other authors (also with pantha), [Catalogue(s)]

17) [v.s. ...] of a Bodhi-sattva (also read ṇīṃ-dh), [Buddhist literature]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dharaṇidhara (धरणिधर):—[dharaṇi-dhara] (raḥ) 1. m. Vishnu; a mountain; a tortoise.

2) Dharaṇīdhara (धरणीधर):—[dharaṇī-dhara] (raḥ) 1. m. Vishnu, &c.

[Sanskrit to German]

Dharanidhara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Dharanidhara in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Dharaṇidhara (ಧರಣಿಧರ):—

1) [noun] the bearer of the earth.

2) [noun] Viṣṇu.

3) [noun] a mountain.

4) [noun] any of the eight mythological elephants that are supposed to bear the earth.

5) [noun] a mythological tortoise on which the universe is believed to be standing.

6) [noun] Ādiśeṣa.

7) [noun] a king.

--- OR ---

Dharaṇīdhara (ಧರಣೀಧರ):—[noun] = ಧರಣಿಧರ [dharanidhara].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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