Dharanidhara, Dharaṇīdhara, Dharaṇidhara, Dharani-dhara: 11 definitions

Introduction

Dharanidhara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

[«previous (D) next»] — Dharanidhara in Vyakarana glossary
Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Dharaṇīdhara (धरणीधर).—A grammarian of the sixteenth century at the court of Udayasimha who wrote a commentary on the sutras of Panini which was named वैयाकरणसर्वस्व (vaiyākaraṇasarvasva) as also a commentary on the Siksa of Panini.

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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (D) next»] — Dharanidhara in Purana glossary
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Dharaṇīdhara (धरणीधर) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. XIV.8.26, XIV.8) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Dharaṇīdhara) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (D) next»] — Dharanidhara in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Dharaṇīdhara (धरणीधर) or Dharaṇīdharaśaila is the name of a mountain whose lord is named Vikrośana: a Vidyādhara king who fought on Śrutaśarman’s side but was slain by Prabhāsa, who participated in the war against Sūryaprabha, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 48. Accordingly: “... when they heard that [speech of Śrutaśarman], eight warriors in anger surrounded Prabhāsa.... And the second warrior was a chief of the Vidyādharas named Vikrośana, the king of the rock Dharaṇīdhara”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Dharaṇīdhara, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous (D) next»] — Dharanidhara in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu

Dharaṇīdhara (धरणीधर) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Dharaṇīdhara] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

Source: archive.org: The Jaina Iconography

Dharaṇīdhara (धरणीधर) is another name for Dharaṇendra, the Yakṣa accompanying Pārśvanātha: the twenty-third of twenty-four Tīrthaṃkaras or Jinas, commonly depicted in Jaina iconography.—Pārśvanātha is one of the greatest Tīrthaṃkaras or Prophets of Jainism. [...] From all sources, we gather his emblem or cognizance is a snake. In sculpture, snake seems to be everything with him. Not only do we find snake in the usual place of the symbol, we find, snakes canopy him with three or seven or eleven hoods. His Yakṣa is called Pārśva or Vāmana or Dharaṇendra and Yakṣiṇī is called Padmāvatī. The king, who stands by his side as a Chowri-bearer is known as Ajitarāja. The Devadāru (Deodar) or Dhātaki is his Kevala-tree.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (D) next»] — Dharanidhara in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dharaṇidhara (धरणिधर) or Dharaṇīdhara (धरणीधर).—

1) an epithet of Śeṣa.

2) of Viṣṇu.

3) a mountain, सर्वतो मामविध्यन्त सरथं धरणीधरैः (sarvato māmavidhyanta sarathaṃ dharaṇīdharaiḥ) Mb.3.172.9; hence °सुता (sutā) = Pārvatī; अन्यं तेनैव तुल्यं धरणिधरसुता प्रार्थयामास पत्यौ (anyaṃ tenaiva tulyaṃ dharaṇidharasutā prārthayāmāsa patyau) Sūkti.5.96.

4) a tortoise.

5) a king.

6) an elephant fabled to support the earth.

Derivable forms: dharaṇidharaḥ (धरणिधरः), dharaṇīdharaḥ (धरणीधरः).

Dharaṇidhara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms dharaṇi and dhara (धर).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dharaṇidhara (धरणिधर).—m.

(-raḥ) A name of Vishnu. E. dharaṇi the earth and dhara who sustains; also dharaṇīdhara, dharaṇīṃ dharati dhṛ-ac .

--- OR ---

Dharaṇīdhara (धरणीधर).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. Vishnu. 2. A mountain. 3. A tortoise see dharaṇidhara.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dharaṇidhara (धरणिधर):—[=dharaṇi-dhara] [from dharaṇi > dhara] m. ‘earth-bearer’, Name of Viṣṇu or Kṛṣṇa, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa] (cf. pṛthu-dharaṇi-dh)

2) [v.s. ...] a mountain, [Mahābhārata] (cf. ṇī-dh).

3) Dharaṇīdhara (धरणीधर):—[=dharaṇī-dhara] [from dharaṇī > dhara] mfn. bearing or sustaining the earth

4) [v.s. ...] m. Name of Viṣṇu or Kṛṣṇa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] of Śiva, [Mahābhārata]

6) [v.s. ...] of Śeṣa, [Harivaṃśa]

7) [v.s. ...] of the mythic. elephants fabled to support the earth, [Mahābhārata]

8) [v.s. ...] a mountain, [Mahābhārata] etc.

9) [v.s. ...] a tortoise, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] a king, [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

11) [v.s. ...] Name of a man of the family of Maunin and son of Maheśvara, [Inscriptions]

12) [v.s. ...] of the father of Śaśi-dhara, [ib.]

13) [v.s. ...] of the father of Vāsudeva and grandfather of the author Hari-nātha, [Catalogue(s)]

14) [v.s. ...] of the father of Dayā-śaṃkara, [ib.]

15) [v.s. ...] of a [Scholiast or Commentator] on [Manu-smṛti; Manvarthamuktāvalī, kullūka bhaṭṭa’s Commentary on manu-smṛti]

16) [v.s. ...] of a poet and other authors (also with pantha), [Catalogue(s)]

17) [v.s. ...] of a Bodhi-sattva (also read ṇīṃ-dh), [Buddhist literature]

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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