Nandyavarta, Nandyāvarta, Nandi-avarta: 13 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Nandyavarta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Nandyavarta in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Agriculture: A Survey

Nandyāvarta (नन्द्यावर्त, “quadrangle”) refers to a “quadrangle with an opening to the west” and represents one of the layout designs for gardens and orchards mentioned in the Vṛkṣāyurveda: a Sanskrit text by written by Surapāla that deals with agriculture (kṛṣi).—Surapāla’s text mentions 170 species of plants including trees, shrubs and a few herbs, and deals with the laying out gardens and orchards and growing unusual trees. Layouts included designs such as nandyāvarta (quadrangle).

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

1) Nandyāvarta (नन्द्यावर्त):—One of the eight types of villages, according to Chapter 9 of the Mānasāra (called the grāmalakṣaṇam). The Mānasāra is one of the traditional authorative Hindu treatises on Vāstuśāstra (science of architecture). The form of this village is said to be tattadrūpeṇa, which means it represents the form of the meaning of its Sanskrit name.

2) Nandyāvarta (नन्द्यावर्त) refers to a type of temple (prāsāda) classified under the group named Lalita, according to Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra chapter 56. The Lalita group contains twenty-five out of a sixty-four total prāsādas (temples) classified under four groups in this chapter. The Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra is an 11th-century encyclopedia dealing with various topics from the Vāstuśāstra.

Nandyāvarta is mentioned in another list of 40 temples, in the Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra, chapter 57, where it is mentioned as one of the six temples being a favorite of Śiva.

Nandyāvarta is found in another list in the Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra, chapter 60, where it is mentioned in a list of thirty-six Prāsādas (temples) having activities of the townsmen entailing Sādhārās.

Nandyāvarta is also listed in the Suprabhedāgama, which describes a list of 13 temple types. This list represents the earliest form of the classification of temples in the South Indian Vāstuśāstra literature.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Nandyavarta in Kavya glossary
Source: academia.edu: Bhoja’s Mechanical Garden

Nandyāvarta (नन्द्यावर्त) refers to the “special design type of fountain houses” (dhārāgṛha).—A great variety of water mechanisms are mentioned, and Bhoja delineates no less than four distinct types of fountain houses (dhārāgṛha) that were to be enjoyed by kings: [viz., the special design (nandyāvarta)]. All were to have structures made of elaborate carved wood and to be filled with statues and mechanical devices—of birds and various other figures including monkeys with gaping mouths.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Nandyavarta in Hinduism glossary
Source: Google Books: Handbook of Chinese Buddhism Being Sanskrit-Chinese Dictionary

Nandyāvarta (Pāli. Nandiyavata):—Explained by lit. rotating to the right. A conch with spirals running to the right, a mystic symbol of good omen.

Source: Google Books: Dravidian Theories

Nandyāvarta (‘a flower plant’), in Tamil: nantyāvaṭṭai.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Nandyavarta in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: The Jaina Iconography

Nandyāvarta (नन्द्यावर्त) is defined as a Svastika with nine corners. It is a peculiar geometrical pattern. (See Colebrooke’s Mis. Essays, Ed. by Cowell Vol. II p. 190).

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

1) Nandyāvarta (नन्द्यावर्त) is the name of Brahmā’s vimāna (celestial car), according to chapter 1.2 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism. Accordingly, “[...] Brahmā, attended by gods of four lacs of palaces came to the Master’s presence in the car Nandyāvarta”.

2) Nandyāvarta (नन्द्यावर्त) refers to one of the “three auspicious signs” as well as one of the “eight auspicious things” in Jainism, according to the same chapter.

Accordingly:

“[...] Then, after circumambulating it, he ascended his aerial car, like his own lofty pride, by the east steps. [...] Then Śakra’s Śāmānikas, like other forms of Śakra, ascended by the north steps and took their proper seats. [...] In front of the Lord of Paulomī (Śakra) seated on the lion-throne shone eight groups of the eight auspicious things, [viz., nandyāvarta], etc. [...]”.

Source: JAINpedia: Eight auspicious symbols

The nandyāvarta is a shape like a labyrinth or a larger form of svastika. The term itself implies something positive, for nandī means 'joy, prosperity'. This diagram has nine branches, which are said to symbolise the nine treasures of a universal monarch.

Source: WikiPedia: Jainism

The Nandavarta or Nandyavarta is one of the eight auspicious symbols of Jainism for the Svetambara sect. It is an ashtamangala which is used for worship, and could be made with rice grains.

Source: Shodhganga: A cultural study on the jain western Indian illustrated manuscripts

Nandyāvarta (नन्द्यावर्त).—One of the eight providential symbols, or, aṣṭamaṅgala.—The nine ponted form, represents the fact that the Jineśvara’s devotees obtain treasure in all directions.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nandyavarta in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nandyāvarta (नन्द्यावर्त).—

1) a sort of building in the form of a quadrangle without a western gate; (n. also).

2) Anything so formed (as dish, vessel saṃpuṭitādyarghapātrāṇi); Mb.7.82.2.

Derivable forms: nandyāvartaḥ (नन्द्यावर्तः).

Nandyāvarta is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms nandi and āvarta (आवर्त).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nandyāvarta (नन्द्यावर्त).—m. a certain diagram, Mahābhārata 7, 2930. Brahmāvarta, i. e.

Nandyāvarta is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms nandi and āvarta (आवर्त).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nandyāvarta (नन्द्यावर्त):—[=nandy-āvarta] [from nandi > nand] m. a kind of diagram, [Mahābhārata; Varāha-mihira] (cf. ndikāv)

2) [v.s. ...] anything so formed (e.g. a dish or vessel), [Mahābhārata vii, 2930] ([Nīlakaṇṭha]), a palace or temple, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā lii, 32] (also n., [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.])

3) [v.s. ...] a cake, [MnGṛh.]

4) [v.s. ...] a species of large fish, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] Tabemaemontana Coronaria, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] the holy fig-tree, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] any tree, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] a kind of shell, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] cf. [Monier-Williams’ Buddhism 523]

10) [v.s. ...] (in music) a [particular] attitude in dancing.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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