Nandyavarta, aka: Nandi-avarta, Nandyāvarta; 8 Definition(s)


Nandyavarta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

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Nandyāvarta (नन्द्यावर्त, “quadrangle ”) refers to a “quadrangle with an opening to the west” and represents one of the layout designs for gardens and orchards mentioned in the Vṛkṣāyurveda: a Sanskrit text by written by Surapāla that deals with agriculture (kṛṣi).—Surapāla’s text mentions 170 species of plants including trees, shrubs and a few herbs, and deals with the laying out gardens and orchards and growing unusual trees. Layouts included designs such as nandyāvarta (quadrangle).

Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Agriculture: A Survey
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

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1) Nandyāvarta (नन्द्यावर्त):—One of the eight types of villages, according to Chapter 9 of the Mānasāra (called the grāmalakṣaṇam). The Mānasāra is one of the traditional authorative Hindu treatises on Vāstuśāstra (science of architecture). The form of this village is said to be tattadrūpeṇa, which means it represents the form of the meaning of its Sanskrit name.

2) Nandyāvarta (नन्द्यावर्त) refers to a type of temple (prāsāda) classified under the group named Lalita, according to Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra chapter 56. The Lalita group contains twenty-five out of a sixty-four total prāsādas (temples) classified under four groups in this chapter. The Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra is an 11th-century encyclopedia dealing with various topics from the Vāstuśāstra.

Nandyāvarta is mentioned in another list of 40 temples, in the Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra, chapter 57, where it is mentioned as one of the six temples being a favorite of Śiva.

Nandyāvarta is found in another list in the Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra, chapter 60, where it is mentioned in a list of thirty-six Prāsādas (temples) having activities of the townsmen entailing Sādhārās.

Nandyāvarta is also listed in the Suprabhedāgama, which describes a list of 13 temple types. This list represents the earliest form of the classification of temples in the South Indian Vāstuśāstra literature.

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

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Nandyāvarta (Pāli. Nandiyavata):—Explained by lit. rotating to the right. A conch with spirals running to the right, a mystic symbol of good omen.

Source: Google Books: Handbook of Chinese Buddhism Being Sanskrit-Chinese Dictionary

Nandyāvarta (‘a flower plant’), in Tamil: nantyāvaṭṭai.

Source: Google Books: Dravidian Theories

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

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The nandyāvarta is a shape like a labyrinth or a larger form of svastika. The term itself implies something positive, for nandī means 'joy, prosperity'. This diagram has nine branches, which are said to symbolise the nine treasures of a universal monarch.

Source: JAINpedia: Eight auspicious symbols

The Nandavarta or Nandyavarta is one of the eight auspicious symbols of Jainism for the Svetambara sect. It is an ashtamangala which is used for worship, and could be made with rice grains.

Source: WikiPedia: Jainism

Nandyāvarta (नन्द्यावर्त).—One of the eight providential symbols, or, aṣṭamaṅgala.—The nine ponted form, represents the fact that the Jineśvara’s devotees obtain treasure in all directions.

Source: Shodhganga: A cultural study on the jain western Indian illustrated manuscripts
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nandyavarta in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [N] · next »

Nandyāvarta (नन्द्यावर्त).—

1) a sort of building in the form of a quadrangle without a western gate; (n. also).

2) Anything so formed (as dish, vessel saṃpuṭitādyarghapātrāṇi); Mb.7.82.2.

Derivable forms: nandyāvartaḥ (नन्द्यावर्तः).

Nandyāvarta is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms nandi and āvarta (आवर्त).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 199 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Nandi (नन्दि).—mn. (-ndiḥ-ndi) 1. Gambling, gaming. 2. Happiness. m. (-ndiḥ) 1. One of Siva'S p...
1) Nandivardhana (नन्दिवर्धन).—The name of the conch of Sātyaki. (Mahābhārata Śalya Parva, Chap...
1) Āryāvarta (आर्यावर्त).—Another name for Bhārata. There is also a place of that name. Accordi...
Āvarta (आवर्त).—m., n. of a sea and of a mountain: Divy 102.28; 103.23—104.20. Note: as c...
Nāndīmukha (नान्दीमुख).—m. (-khaḥ) 1. The lid or cover of a well. 2. The class of male progenit...
Nandīmukhī (नन्दीमुखी) or Nandī-mukhā.—adj. (compare AMg. nandi, the sound of a particular drum...
Nandigrāma (नन्दिग्राम) or Naṃdinagara is the name of an ancient locality situated in Majj...
Tṛṇāvarta (तृणावर्त).—A demon who was the son of Tārakāsura. This demon was living serving Kaṃs...
Rājāvarta.—(SII 2; SITI), a kind of gem; lapis lazuli; same as vaiḍūrya. Note: rājāvarta is def...
Nandimaṇḍapa (नन्दिमण्डप) in the Lokeśvara is built in the form of a highly elevated pavilion a...
Nandīśa (नन्दीश).—m. (-śaḥ) 1. name of Nandi, Siva'S attendant. 2. A name of Siva. 3. A species...
Nāndikara (नान्दिकर).—m. (-raḥ) The speaker of the prologue to a drama: see nāndīkara .--- OR -...
Brahmāvarta (ब्रह्मावर्त) refers to the name of a Tīrtha (pilgrim’s destination) mentioned in ...
Sūryāvarta (सूर्यावर्त).—n. of a samādhi: SP 424.8.--- OR --- Sūryāvartā (सूर्यावर्ता).—n. of a...
Nandīghoṣa (नन्दीघोष).—(1) , q.v., but here in °ṣa-manojña-śabdopacārāṇi, Śikṣ 29.1, Bhvr., ep....

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