Payodhara, aka: Payas-dhara; 8 Definition(s)


Payodhara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Payodhara in Ayurveda glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Payodhara (पयोधर):—Another name for Mustā (Cyperus rotundus), a species of medicinal plant and used in the treatment of fever (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which is part of the 7th-century Mādhavacikitsā, a Sanskrit classical work on Āyurveda. The literal translation of Payodhara is “containing water or milk”, but in a different context, it can refer to “a cloud”. It is compose of the words Pay and Dhara (‘bearing’, ‘sustaining’)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Payodhara in Chandas glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Payodhara (पयोधर) refers to one of the 23 types of dohā metres (a part of mātrā type) described in the 1st chapter of the Vṛttamauktika by Candraśekhara (17th century): author of many metrical compositions and the son of Lakṣmīnātha Bhaṭṭa and Lopāmudrā.

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Payodhara in Jainism glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Payodhara (पयोधर) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Payodhara] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

Source: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Payodhara in Pali glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

payodhara : (m.) a rain cloud; the breast of a woman.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

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payōdhara (पयोधर).—m S (That contains milk or water.) A woman's breast or the udder of a beast; a cloud &c. 2 A fragrant grass, Cyperus rotundus.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

payōdhara (पयोधर).—m A woman's breast or the udder of a beast, a cloud.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Payodhara in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Payodhara (पयोधर).—

1) a cloud; पयोधरघनीभावस्तावदम्बरमध्यगः । आश्लेषोप- गमस्तत्र यावन्नेव प्रवर्तते (payodharaghanībhāvastāvadambaramadhyagaḥ | āśleṣopa- gamastatra yāvanneva pravartate) || Subh. Ratn. (this refers both to a cloud and a woman's breast).

2) a woman's breast; पद्मापयोधरतटी (padmāpayodharataṭī) Gīt.1; विपाण्डुभिर्म्लानतया पयोधरैः (vipāṇḍubhirmlānatayā payodharaiḥ) Ki.4.24. (where the word means 'a cloud' also); R.14.22.

3) an udder; पयोधरीभूतचतुःसमुद्रां जुगोप गोरूप- धरामिवोर्वीम् (payodharībhūtacatuḥsamudrāṃ jugopa gorūpa- dharāmivorvīm) R.2.3.

4) the cocoa-nut tree.

5) the backbone or spine (kaśeruka).

Derivable forms: payodharaḥ (पयोधरः).

Payodhara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms payas and dhara (धर).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Payodhara (पयोधर).—m.

(-raḥ) A woman’s breast. 2. A cloud. 3. The sugarcane. 4. The cocoanut. 5. A sort of rush, (Scirpus kysoor.) 6. A fragrant grass, (Cyperus rotundus, &c.) 7. An udder. 8. The back-bone. 9. (In Prosody) A scolius. E. payas milk or water, and dhara containing.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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