Payodhara, Payas-dhara, Payodharā, Payas-dhara: 17 definitions


Payodhara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Payodhara in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Payodhara (पयोधर):—Another name for Mustā (Cyperus rotundus), a species of medicinal plant and used in the treatment of fever (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which is part of the 7th-century Mādhavacikitsā, a Sanskrit classical work on Āyurveda. The literal translation of Payodhara is “containing water or milk”, but in a different context, it can refer to “a cloud”. It is compose of the words Pay and Dhara (‘bearing’, ‘sustaining’)

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

[«previous next»] — Payodhara in Chandas glossary
Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Payodhara (पयोधर) refers to one of the 23 types of dohā metres (a part of mātrā type) described in the 1st chapter of the Vṛttamauktika by Candraśekhara (17th century): author of many metrical compositions and the son of Lakṣmīnātha Bhaṭṭa and Lopāmudrā.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Payodhara in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Payodhara (पयोधर) refers to the “breasts”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, while describing the signs of one who is a Siddha: “There is (an auspicious) line on his foot and (the lines) on his hand (are shaped) like an auspicious lotus. His shoulders are equal as are (his) teeth; his neck and breasts are upraised [i.e., grīvonnata-payodhara]. Or else he may be bent over. Such a one is part of the Siddha lineage. (His) thigh is (strong as if) issuing from a wheel and he has a faint auspicious line of hair (on his belly). His gait is playful and his body well proportioned. Such is the mark of a Siddha”.

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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Payodhara in Jainism glossary
Source: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu

Payodhara (पयोधर) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Payodhara] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Payodhara in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

payodhara : (m.) a rain cloud; the breast of a woman.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Payodhara in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

payōdhara (पयोधर).—m S (That contains milk or water.) A woman's breast or the udder of a beast; a cloud &c. 2 A fragrant grass, Cyperus rotundus.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

payōdhara (पयोधर).—m A woman's breast or the udder of a beast, a cloud.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Payodhara in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Payodhara (पयोधर).—

1) a cloud; पयोधरघनीभावस्तावदम्बरमध्यगः । आश्लेषोप- गमस्तत्र यावन्नेव प्रवर्तते (payodharaghanībhāvastāvadambaramadhyagaḥ | āśleṣopa- gamastatra yāvanneva pravartate) || Subh. Ratn. (this refers both to a cloud and a woman's breast).

2) a woman's breast; पद्मापयोधरतटी (padmāpayodharataṭī) Gītagovinda 1; विपाण्डुभिर्म्लानतया पयोधरैः (vipāṇḍubhirmlānatayā payodharaiḥ) Kirātārjunīya 4.24. (where the word means 'a cloud' also); R.14.22.

3) an udder; पयोधरीभूतचतुःसमुद्रां जुगोप गोरूप- धरामिवोर्वीम् (payodharībhūtacatuḥsamudrāṃ jugopa gorūpa- dharāmivorvīm) R.2.3.

4) the cocoa-nut tree.

5) the backbone or spine (kaśeruka).

Derivable forms: payodharaḥ (पयोधरः).

Payodhara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms payas and dhara (धर).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Payodhara (पयोधर).—m.

(-raḥ) A woman’s breast. 2. A cloud. 3. The sugarcane. 4. The cocoanut. 5. A sort of rush, (Scirpus kysoor.) 6. A fragrant grass, (Cyperus rotundus, &c.) 7. An udder. 8. The back-bone. 9. (In Prosody) A scolius. E. payas milk or water, and dhara containing.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Payodhara (पयोधर).—i. e. payas -dhara, m. 1. A cloud, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 4, 365. 2. A woman’s breast, [Ṛtusaṃhāra] 1, 6. 3. An udder, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 2, 3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Payodhara (पयोधर).—[masculine] a cloud or a woman’s breast (wateror milk-holder).

--- OR ---

Payodhārā (पयोधारा).—[feminine] stream of water; gṛha [neuter] bathing-room.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Payodhara (पयोधर):—[=payo-dhara] [from payo > paya] m. ‘containing water or milk’, a cloud, [Kāvya literature; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

2) [v.s. ...] (ifc. f(ā). ) a woman’s breast or an udder, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] the root of Scirpus Kysoor, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] a species of sugar-cane, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] the cocoa-nut, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] a species of Cyperus, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] an amphibrach, [Colebrooke]

8) Payodhārā (पयोधारा):—[=payo-dhārā] [from payo > paya] f. a stream of water (-gṛha n. a bath-room with flowing w°), [Mṛcchakaṭikā]

9) [v.s. ...] Name of a river, [Harivaṃśa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Payodhara (पयोधर):—[payo-dhara] (raḥ) 1. m. A woman’s breast; a cloud; sugar-cane; cocoanut; sort of rush or grass.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Payodhara (पयोधर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Paohara.

[Sanskrit to German]

Payodhara in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Payodhara in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Payōdhara (ಪಯೋಧರ):—

1) [noun] = ಪಯೋಧ [payodha].

2) [noun] either of two milk-secreting glands protruding from the upper, front part of a woman’s body; the breast.

3) [noun] the eye.

4) [noun] the udder of a cow, buffalow, goat, etc.

5) [noun] the backbone; the spine.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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