Pranala, aka: Praṇāla, Prānāla, Pranāla; 6 Definition(s)


Pranala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Pranala in Purana glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Praṇāla (प्रणाल).—(also praṇālaka)—the water-vent on the pīṭha of an image; facing the North.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 262, 5 and 16.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Praṇāla (प्रणाल) means “water drain” and refers to a channel built into a sanctum for the purpose of draining oblation water and rainwater. It is also known as Somasūtra, Nāla, Vyālavāri or Nirmālyadvāra. According to the Kāraṇāgama, it may be constructed preferably with stone, or optionally with wood and brick.

There are four different kind of praṇālas defined for the four different castes:

  1. Brāmaṇa: govaktra (or gomukha),
  2. Kṣatriya: siṃhavaktra,
  3. Vaiśya: gajavaktra (or gajoṣṭa),
  4. Śūdra: makaravaktra.

The praṇālas are also categorised based on the materials being used:

  1. sañcita (hard material such as stone; masculine class),
  2. asañcita (soft material such as wood and brick; feminine class),
  3. upasañcita (soft material such as wood and brick; neuter class).
Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Praṇāla (प्रणाल).—Water drains, water chutes at required places, which are sometimes conventional or artistically decorated, are found fixed into the parapet wherever necessary to allow the rain water to drain out.

Source: Shodhganga: Temples of Salem region Up to 1336 AD
Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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India history and geogprahy

1) Praṇāla is the name of a kingdom (viṣaya), of Praṇālaka is the capital-country, according to the “Panhāle plates of Vikramāditya”. Accordingly, “His offspring, Vikramādityadeva obtained the kingdom of Praṇāla, though there were other sons of (his father ). Though there were (numerous) jewels of the milk-ocean, only one of them, the Kaustubha, became the companion of Śrī (the goddess of fortune), (when she was churned out of the ocean)”.

2) Prānāla is the name of a village mentioned in the “British museum stone inscription of the reign of Haripāladeva”. Dikṣit identified Prānāla (which he read as Praṇāla ) with the fort of Panhāḷā in the Kolhāpur District, and Tulpule with Panvel in the Kolābā District. Both the identifications appear unlikely; for stone inscriptions are not generally transported far from their original places, and Mallikārjuna is not known to have extended his sway to the Kolhāpur reigion.

Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Śilāhāras
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Praṇāla (प्रणाल).—

1) A channel, water-course, drain; कौसल्या व्यसृजद् बाष्पं प्रणालीव नवोदकम् (kausalyā vyasṛjad bāṣpaṃ praṇālīva navodakam) Rām.2.62.1; कुर्वन् पूर्णा नयनपयसां चक्रवालैः प्रणालीः (kurvan pūrṇā nayanapayasāṃ cakravālaiḥ praṇālīḥ) Ud. S.2; Śi.3.44.

2) Succession, uninterrupted series.

3) Recension (of a text).

4) Intervention, interposition.

Derivable forms: praṇālaḥ (प्रणालः).

See also (synonyms): praṇālī, praṇālikā.

--- OR ---

Pranāla (प्रनाल).—f. See प्रणाल (praṇāla) and प्रणाली (praṇālī).

Derivable forms: pranālaḥ (प्रनालः).

See also (synonyms): pranālī.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Praṇāla (प्रणाल).—mf. (-laḥ-lī) 1. An issue from a pond, drain, a watercourse. 2. An uninterrupted series. E. pra before, nal to bind, aff. ghañ; also with kan added in the fem. form praṇālikā f.


--- OR ---

Pranāla (प्रनाल).—mf. (-laḥ-lī) A water-course, a canal. E. pra before, nal to go, aff. ghañ .

Pranāla can also be spelled as Praṇala (प्रणल).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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