Pranala, aka: Praṇāla, Prānāla, Pranāla; 5 Definition(s)


Pranala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism


Praṇāla (प्रणाल).—(also praṇālaka)—the water-vent on the pīṭha of an image; facing the North.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 262, 5 and 16.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Vāstuśāstra (architecture)

Praṇāla (प्रणाल) means “water drain” and refers to a channel built into a sanctum for the purpose of draining oblation water and rainwater. It is also known as Somasūtra, Nāla, Vyālavāri or Nirmālyadvāra. According to the Kāraṇāgama, it may be constructed preferably with stone, or optionally with wood and brick.

There are four different kind of praṇālas defined for the four different castes:

  1. Brāmaṇa: govaktra (or gomukha),
  2. Kṣatriya: siṃhavaktra,
  3. Vaiśya: gajavaktra (or gajoṣṭa),
  4. Śūdra: makaravaktra.

The praṇālas are also categorised based on the materials being used:

  1. sañcita (hard material such as stone; masculine class),
  2. asañcita (soft material such as wood and brick; feminine class),
  3. upasañcita (soft material such as wood and brick; neuter class).
(Source): Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Praṇāla (प्रणाल).—Water drains, water chutes at required places, which are sometimes conventional or artistically decorated, are found fixed into the parapet wherever necessary to allow the rain water to drain out.

(Source): Shodhganga: Temples of Salem region Up to 1336 AD
Vāstuśāstra book cover
context information

Vāstuśāstra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vastu-shastra) refers to the knowledge of architecture. It is a branch of ancient Indian science dealing with topics such architecture, construction, sculpture and their relation with the cosmic universe.

India history and geogprahy

1) Praṇāla is the name of a kingdom (viṣaya), of Praṇālaka is the capital-country, according to the “Panhāle plates of Vikramāditya”. Accordingly, “His offspring, Vikramādityadeva obtained the kingdom of Praṇāla, though there were other sons of (his father ). Though there were (numerous) jewels of the milk-ocean, only one of them, the Kaustubha, became the companion of Śrī (the goddess of fortune), (when she was churned out of the ocean)”.

2) Prānāla is the name of a village mentioned in the “British museum stone inscription of the reign of Haripāladeva”. Dikṣit identified Prānāla (which he read as Praṇāla ) with the fort of Panhāḷā in the Kolhāpur District, and Tulpule with Panvel in the Kolābā District. Both the identifications appear unlikely; for stone inscriptions are not generally transported far from their original places, and Mallikārjuna is not known to have extended his sway to the Kolhāpur reigion.

(Source): What is India: Inscriptions of the Śilāhāras
India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Praṇāla (प्रणाल).—

1) A channel, water-course, drain; कौसल्या व्यसृजद् बाष्पं प्रणालीव नवोदकम् (kausalyā vyasṛjad bāṣpaṃ praṇālīva navodakam) Rām.2.62.1; कुर्वन् पूर्णा नयनपयसां चक्रवालैः प्रणालीः (kurvan pūrṇā nayanapayasāṃ cakravālaiḥ praṇālīḥ) Ud. S.2; Śi.3.44.

2) Succession, uninterrupted series.

3) Recension (of a text).

4) Intervention, interposition.

Derivable forms: praṇālaḥ (प्रणालः).

See also (synonyms): praṇālī, praṇālikā.

--- OR ---

Pranāla (प्रनाल).—f. See प्रणाल (praṇāla) and प्रणाली (praṇālī).

Derivable forms: pranālaḥ (प्रनालः).

See also (synonyms): pranālī.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Relevant definitions

Search found 24 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Gajavaktra (गजवक्त्र).—epithets of Gaṇeśa; Bṛ. S.58.58; Ks.1.44. Derivable forms: gajavaktraḥ (...
Nala (नल) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. XIII.116.67, XIII.115) and represents on...
sañcita (संचित).—n The stock of merit or demerit acquired through good or evil works in the pre...
Siṃhavaktra (सिंहवक्त्र) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.44.78) and represents ...
Gomukha (गोमुख).—[gormukhamiva mukhamasya] a kind of musical instrument; Bg.1.13; गोमुखानां च श...
Śuṇḍamakara (शुण्डमकर).—A type of praṇāla, or ‘water-drain’.—The makara variety ...
Jalamārga (जलमार्ग).—a drain, canal. Derivable forms: jalamārgaḥ (जलमार्गः).Jalamārga is a Sans...
Makaravaktra (मकरवक्त्र).—A type of praṇāla, or ‘water-drain’.—In this type the ...
Govaktra (गोवक्त्र).—A type of praṇāla, or ‘water-drain’.—The head of the cow is...
Praṇālī (प्रणाली).—1) A channel, water-course, drain; कौसल्या व्यसृजद् बाष्पं प्रणालीव नवोदकम् ...
Siṃhāsya (सिंहास्य).—a particular position of the hands. Derivable forms: siṃhāsyaḥ (सिंहास्यः)...
Ambumārga (अम्बुमार्ग) refers to the “groove” cut within the praṇāla (‘water-drain’). More s...
Asañcita (असञ्चित) refers to a classification of praṇāla (“water-drains”) constructed into t...
sōmasūtra (सोमसूत्र).—n (S) The receptacle on the outside of the temple of Shiva for the water ...
Caṇḍikeśvara (चण्डिकेश्वर) is the name of a Liṅga (symbolical manifestation of Śiva) that is as...

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