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Pranala, aka: Praṇāla, Prānāla; 4 Definition(s)

Introduction

Pranala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purāṇa

Praṇāla (प्रणाल).—(also praṇālaka)—the water-vent on the pīṭha of an image; facing the North.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 262, 5 and 16.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana IndexPurāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Vāstuśāstra (architecture)

Praṇāla (प्रणाल) means “water drain” and refers to a channel built into a sanctum for the purpose of draining oblation water and rainwater. It is also known as Somasūtra, Nāla, Vyālavāri or Nirmālyadvāra. According to the Kāraṇāgama, it may be constructed preferably with stone, or optionally with wood and brick.

There are four different kind of praṇālas defined for the four different castes:

  1. Brāmaṇa: govaktra (or gomukha),
  2. Kṣatriya: siṃhavaktra,
  3. Vaiśya: gajavaktra (or gajoṣṭa),
  4. Śūdra: makaravaktra.

The praṇālas are also categorised based on the materials being used:

  1. sañcita (hard material such as stone; masculine class),
  2. asañcita (soft material such as wood and brick; feminine class),
  3. upasañcita (soft material such as wood and brick; neuter class).
Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Praṇāla (प्रणाल).—Water drains, water chutes at required places, which are sometimes conventional or artistically decorated, are found fixed into the parapet wherever necessary to allow the rain water to drain out.

Source: Shodhganga: Temples of Salem region Up to 1336 ADVāstuśāstra book cover
context information

Vāstuśāstra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vastu-shastra) refers to the knowledge of architecture. It is a branch of ancient Indian science dealing with topics such architecture, construction, sculpture and their relation with the cosmic universe.

India history and geogprahy

1) Praṇāla is the name of a kingdom (viṣaya), of Praṇālaka is the capital-country, according to the “Panhāle plates of Vikramāditya”. Accordingly, “His offspring, Vikramādityadeva obtained the kingdom of Praṇāla, though there were other sons of (his father ). Though there were (numerous) jewels of the milk-ocean, only one of them, the Kaustubha, became the companion of Śrī (the goddess of fortune), (when she was churned out of the ocean)”.

2) Prānāla is the name of a village mentioned in the “British museum stone inscription of the reign of Haripāladeva”. Dikṣit identified Prānāla (which he read as Praṇāla ) with the fort of Panhāḷā in the Kolhāpur District, and Tulpule with Panvel in the Kolābā District. Both the identifications appear unlikely; for stone inscriptions are not generally transported far from their original places, and Mallikārjuna is not known to have extended his sway to the Kolhāpur reigion.

Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Śilāhāras
context information

The history and geography of India includes names of areas, cities, countries and other regions of India, as well as historical dynasties, rulers, tribes and various local traditions, languages and festivals. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom but primarely encourages the path of Dharma, incorporated into religions such as Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Relevant definitions

Search found 22 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Gajavaktra
Gajavaktra (गजवक्त्र).—A type of praṇāla, or ‘water-drain’.—A praṇāl...
Nala
Nala (नल) or Anala refers to the fiftieth saṃvatsara (“jovian year)” in Vedic astrology.—The na...
Shundamakara
Śuṇḍamakara (शुण्डमकर).—A type of praṇāla, or ‘water-drain’.—The mak...
Makaravaktra
Makaravaktra (मकरवक्त्र).—A type of praṇāla, or ‘water-drain’.—In th...
Simhavaktra
Siṃhavaktra (सिंहवक्त्र).—A type of praṇāla, or ‘water-drain’.—Praṇā...
Sancita
Sañcita (सञ्चित) refers to a classification of praṇāla (“water-drains”) construc...
Govaktra
Govaktra (गोवक्त्र).—A type of praṇāla, or ‘water-drain’.—The head o...
Gomukha
Gomukha (गोमुख) is another name for Govaktra, which refers to one of the four classes of pra...
Upasancita
Upasañcita (उपसञ्चित) refers to a classification of praṇāla (“water-drains”) con...
Jalamarga
Jalamārga (जलमार्ग) refers to the “groove” cut within the praṇāla (‘water-...
Ambumarga
Ambumārga (अम्बुमार्ग) refers to the “groove” cut within the praṇāla (‘wat...
Asancita
Asañcita (असञ्चित) refers to a classification of praṇāla (“water-drains”) constr...
Simhasya
Siṃhāsya (सिंहास्य).—A palace with candraśālas.** Matsya-purāṇa 269. 46.
Somasutra
Somasūtra (सोमसूत्र) is an alternative name (synonym) for Praṇāla, which refers to “wa...
Gajadhara
Gajādhara (गजाधर) is another name for Gajavaktra, which refers to one of the four classes of...

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Search found books containing Pranala, Praṇāla or Prānāla. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:

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