Candragrahana, Candragrahaṇa, Candra-grahana, Camdragrahana: 10 definitions

Introduction:

Candragrahana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chandragrahana.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Candragrahana in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Candragrahaṇa (चन्द्रग्रहण) refers to a “lunar eclipse”, according to Śivapurāṇa 1.15. Accordingly, regarding the benefit in the rites of Devayajña:—“[...] the period of equinoxes, the period of tropical transit, the period of transit to the capricornus, and the time of lunar eclipse (candragrahaṇa) are each of ten times more benefit than the previous one”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Candragrahana in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Candragrahaṇa (चन्द्रग्रहण) refers to “lunar eclipses”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 2), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “We shall now proceed to give a brief description of (the qualifications of) a jyotiṣaka. [...] In solar and lunar eclipses [i.e., candragrahaṇasūryacandramasośca], he must be able to calculate the times of the commencement and end of the eclipses, the places of first and last contact, the magnitude and duration of the eclipse; in total eclipses, he must be able to calculate the time between middle eclipse and the beginning or end of total phase, (this period being technically known as vimarda). He must also know the colour of the eclipsed lunar disc. He must be able to calculate before hand the times of the Moon’s conjunction with the planets as well as of planetary conjunctions”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Candragrahana in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Candragrahaṇa (चन्द्रग्रहण) refers to an “eclipse of the moon”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “(Bali is offered) in the sacred seats, primary and secondary, in a sacred field, in a cremation ground, at a crossing of three or four roads, (under) a solitary tree, on the banks of a river, to a Siddha Liṅga, on roads, in the directions, in the Wheel of the Transmission, during an eclipse of the sun or moon [i.e., candragrahaṇagrahaṇe candrasūryayoḥ], and on all important sacred days, particularly on those concerning the teacher”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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India history and geography

[«previous next»] — Candragrahana in India history glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Candra-grahaṇa.—(SII 1), lunar eclipse. Note: candra-grahaṇa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Candragrahana in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

candragrahaṇa (चंद्रग्रहण).—n (S) Eclipse of the moon.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

candragrahaṇa (चंद्रग्रहण).—n Eclipse of the moon.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Candragrahana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Candragrahaṇa (चन्द्रग्रहण).—an eclipse of the moon.

Derivable forms: candragrahaṇam (चन्द्रग्रहणम्).

Candragrahaṇa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms candra and grahaṇa (ग्रहण).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Candragrahaṇa (चन्द्रग्रहण):—[=candra-grahaṇa] [from candra > cand] n. idem

[Sanskrit to German]

Candragrahana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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