Vivekin, Viveki, Vivekī: 12 definitions


Vivekin means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Samkhya (school of philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Prakrti and purusa in Samkhyakarika an analytical review

Viveki (विवेकि, “discriminative”).—Again, being free from pleasure (sukha), pain (duḥkha) and bewilderment (moha) puruṣa is different from the three guṇas. Therefore, puruṣa is mādhyastha or neutral devoid of the three guṇas (atriguṇa). It can not be identical with the pradhāna. That which is different from the three guṇas, and thus is not identical with the pradhāna, is viveki, i.e. discriminative of the guṇas. Being viveki and madhyastha-puruṣa is unable to be combined with others and therefore can not go under any transformation (aprasavadharmi). Puruṣa is asambhūyakāri, i.e. puruṣa is unable to perform any act with or without the help of any thing else. As such, akartṛttva (non-doership) is the nature of puruṣa. So, the characteristic viveki can be attributed to the puruṣa.

context information

Samkhya (सांख्य, Sāṃkhya) is a dualistic school of Hindu philosophy (astika) and is closeley related to the Yoga school. Samkhya philosophy accepts three pramanas (‘proofs’) only as valid means of gaining knowledge. Another important concept is their theory of evolution, revolving around prakriti (matter) and purusha (consciousness).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Vivekin (विवेकिन्) refers to “one who possesses discrimination” (as opposed to Avivekin—‘lacking discrimination’), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.31 (“Description of Śiva’s magic”).—Accordingly, as Śiva (in disguise of a Brahmin) said to the Lord of Mountains: “I have come to know that you desire to give your daughter to Śiva, [...] To Śiva—who has no support, [...] whose name and pedigree are unknown, whose conduct is bad, who has no sport, whose body is smeared with ashes, who is furious, who lacks in discrimination (avivekin), whose age is not known,  [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): (Jainism)

Vivekin (विवेकिन्) refers to “wise persons”, according to the 12th century Yogaśāstra (verse 12.55) by Hemacandra: a Jain treatise dealing with Yoga and the highest reality (tattva).—Accordingly, “[This] Upaniṣad of Yoga, which is a cause of wonder in the mind of the assembly of the wise (viveki-pariṣad), was known from scripture, from the mouth of a good Guru and a little from experience in various places. Because of the profuse requesting of the Caulukya king, Kumārapāla, it was placed in the realm of words by his teacher, the honourable Hemacandra. [...]”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vivēkī (विवेकी).—m Considerate, judicious, discreet.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vivekin (विवेकिन्).—a.

1) Discriminating, discreet, judicious; दम्भो भवति विवेकी (dambho bhavati vivekī) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.418.

2) Separated. -m.

1) A judge, discriminator.

2) A philosopher.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vivekin (विवेकिन्).—mfn. (-kī-kinī-ki) Judicious, discriminative. m. (-kī) A sage, a philosopher, a judge. E. vi before vic to judge, dhinuṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vivekin (विवेकिन्).—i. e. viveka + in, adj. Judicious, discriminative, prudent, [Pañcatantra] 131, 19.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vivekin (विवेकिन्):—[=vi-vekin] [from vi-veka > vi-vic] mfn. discriminating, distinguishing, [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

2) [v.s. ...] separated, kept asunder (in a-viv), [Kuvalayānanda]

3) [v.s. ...] examining, investigating, [Catalogue(s)]

4) [v.s. ...] discriminative, judicious, prudent, discreet, wise, [Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a king (son of Deva-sena), [Kālikā-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vivekin (विवेकिन्):—[vi-vekin] (kī-kinī-ki) 1. m. A sage; judge. a. Judicious.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vivekin (विवेकिन्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Vivei.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vivekin in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vivēki (ವಿವೇಕಿ):—[noun] a person of wisdom; a sagacious, prudent person.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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