Devasharman, Devaśarman: 7 definitions

Introduction

Devasharman means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Devaśarman can be transliterated into English as Devasarman or Devasharman, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (D) next»] — Devasharman in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

1) Devaśarman (देवशर्मन्) was the teacher of Vigatabhaya and Kālanemi, both sons of Yajñasoma, a Brāhman from the country of Mālava whose story is told in the “story of Śridatta and Mṛgāṅkavatī”, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 10.

2) Devaśarman (देवशर्मन्) was a soldier in Sunītha and Sūryaprabha’s army whose strength is considered as equaling a full-power warrior (pūrṇaratha), according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 47. Accordingly, as the Asura Maya explained the arrangement of warriors in Sunītha’s army: “... [Devaśarman, and others], are all full-power warriors”.

The story of Devaśarman was narrated by the Vidyādhara king Vajraprabha to prince Naravāhanadatta in order to relate how “Sūryaprabha, being a man, obtain of old time the sovereignty over the Vidyādharas”.

3) Devaśarman (देवशर्मन्) is the name of a Brāhman, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 64. Accordingly, “... there was in a certain village a Brāhman, named Devaśarman; and he had a wife of equally high birth, named Yajñadattā. And she became pregnant, and in time gave birth to a son, and the Brāhman, though poor, thought he had obtained a treasure in him...”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Devaśarman, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

[«previous (D) next»] — Devasharman in Vyakarana glossary
Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Devaśarman (देवशर्मन्).—A grammarian who has written a disquisition on the philosophy of Vyakarana in verse, and added a commentary of his own on it which he has named as समन्वयप्रदीपसंकेत (samanvayapradīpasaṃketa).

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Vol. 5 (inscriptions of the Vakatakas): Chammak plates of Pravarasena II

Devaśarman (देवशर्मन्) is the name of a Brāhmaṇa mentioned in the seal of the Chamak copper plates of King Pravarasena II (r. 400-415 CE). Chammak, or Chamak, is modern name of the ancient village Charmāṅka, situated four miles south-west of Achalpur in the Amarāvatī district of Vidarbha.

According to the grant, “this grant shall be enjoyed by the Brāhmaṇas (eg., Devaśarman) as long as the sun and the moon will endure, provided that they commit no treason against the kingdom consisting of seven constituents of the (future) kings; that they are not found guilty of the murder of a Brāhmaṇa, theft, adultery and high treason, etc.; that they do not wage war; (and) that they do no harm to other villages. But if they act otherwise or assent to such acts, the king will commit no theft if he takes the land away (from them)”.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (D) next»] — Devasharman in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Devaśarman (देवशर्मन्).—n. of a yakṣa: Māy 76.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Devaśarman (देवशर्मन्) or Viṣṇuśarman.—m., Mahābhārata 1, 2049; [Hitopadeśa] 11, 4, M. M. B.

Devaśarman is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms deva and śarman (शर्मन्).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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