Caitta: 10 definitions


Caitta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chaitta.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Caitta (चैत्त) refers to the “contents (of thought)”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “[...] The Bodhisattva Gaganagañja then sustained the jewel-canopy of ten thousand yojanas high over the Lord’s lion throne in the sky, joined the palms of his hands, saluted, and praised the Lord with these suitable verses: ‘[...] (4) You understand the thought and the contents of thought (citta-caitta) of all living beings, know the essential character of mind (citta) and the stream of thought (citta-dhārā) which are like an illusion (māyā), and your mind does not depend on thought, mind, or consciousness. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Caitta (चैत्त).—a. [cittasyedam aṇ] Belonging to the mind, mental.

-ttam Memory.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Caitta (चैत्त).—adj. from citta in origin but regularly substan-tivized as masc.; fundamentally a Buddhist word, equiva- lent to caitasika, q.v.; common in Abhidharmakośa, see LaV-P. Index; mental state or condition of being, regularly [compound] or associated with citta, as a duality: Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 150.14 citta- caitta-kalāpo, mind and the whole mass of mental things (et alibi in Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra); Mūla-madhyamaka-kārikā 11.9 citta-caittānāṃ; 274.7 -citta- caitta-, la pensée et ses dérivés, ed. note. See especially Abhidharmakośa ii.149 citta-caittāḥ (note masc.!) sahāvaśyam; LaV-P., note, says citta = manas = vijñāna; caitta = caitasa = caitasika = cittasaṃprayukta (compare also ii.150).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Caitta (चैत्त).—i. e. citta + a, adj. Belonging to the dominion of thought, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 209, 22.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Caitta (चैत्त).—[adjective] mental, spiritual.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Caitta (चैत्त):—[from caitayata > caitaki] mfn. belonging to thought (citta), imagined, [Vedāntasāra]

2) [v.s. ...] mental, [Bādarāyaṇa’s Brahma-sūtra ii, 2, 18] [Scholiast or Commentator] [Prabodha-candrodaya [Scholiast or Commentator]]

[Sanskrit to German]

Caitta in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Caitta (चैत्त) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Caitra.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Caitta (ಚೈತ್ತ):—[adjective] relating to the mind or consciousness.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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