Brahmanda, aka: Brahman-anda, Brahmāṇḍa; 9 Definition(s)

Introduction

Brahmanda means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Yoga (school of philosophy)

Brahmanda in Yoga glossary... « previous · [B] · next »

In the Khecarīvidyā, Brahmāṇḍa (ब्रह्माण्ड ) means “skull” rather than the more usual “macrocosm”; (also see the Śivasaṃhitā where the physical body is called Brahmāṇḍa). Ballāla however, takes it to mean “macrocosm”. Later Sanskrit and haṭhayogic works have a system of 21 Brahmāṇḍas in (and above?) the head. See Gorakhbāṇīpad and the Vairāṭapurāṇa (Kavirāj 1987:52). At Tantrāloka 4.133cd Brahmāṇḍa (understood to mean the universe by Jayaratha ad loc.) is said to arise from the sahasrāra cakra at the top of the head.

Source: Google Books: The Khecarividya of Adinatha
Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Brahmanda in Purana glossary... « previous · [B] · next »

Brahmāṇḍa (ब्रह्माण्ड).—The word Brahmāṇḍa means the aṇḍa of Brahmā (aṇḍa-egg), the Supreme Being which is the root of the origin of the universe. At a time long ago, which is beyond reckoning, there was nothing but an egg. This egg was split into two and from it a male child with the radiance of innumerable suns came out. This wonderful child was helpless. After his birth he cried for a while, because of hunger and thirst. He got no help. There was nobody to feed it. So this wonderful child looked up and lay there. This helpless child was called 'Virāṭpuruṣa' (the next emanation from Brahmā) by those versed in the Purāṇas. The boy was so called because he was the most material of materiality. But he was an atom of atoms and the first figuration of God. From each pore of the skin of the great virāṭ, who was the base of all the worlds a universe came into being. Thus all the countless universes were born. Each universe has its own trinity of Brahmā, Viṣṇu, Śiva and devas (the bright ones), the protectors of the eight zones. One universe comprises fourteen worlds or realms, from Pātāla to the Brahmaloka (from the nether world to the upper world or the realm of Brahmā). Countless such universes exist. Over and above all these universes there is Vaikuṇṭha, and above Vaikuṇṭha there is another world with an area of fifty crore yojanas (leagues), called 'Goloka' (the world of cow). Only the two worlds Vaikuṇṭha and the Goloka are eternal. Bhūloka (the earth) consists of seven islands and sixty-four peninsulas. There are seven worlds above and seven worlds below. The seven upper worlds are Bhūloka, Bhuvarloka, Svarloka, Janaloka, Tapoloka. Satyaloka and Brahmaloka. Thus a universe consists of fourteen worlds. This is the idea given by the Purāṇas about Brahmāṇḍa. (Devī Bhāgavata, Skandhas 9).

Mention is made, in the Viṣṇu Purāṇa, Aṃśa 2, Chapter 7, about the construction of Brahmāṇḍa. (See full article at Story of Brahmāṇḍa from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Brahmāṇḍa (ब्रह्माण्ड).—(Purāṇam) one among the {%Mahāślokas dealing with the future kalpas; narrated by Brahmā; contains a description of Brahmāṇḍa; he who gives it with two yellow woollen garments and a golden cow in the Vyatīpāta attains the merit of performing a thousand Rājasūyas.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 7. 24; 13. 8. Matsya-purāṇa 53. 56; Vāyu-purāṇa 104. 5; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 6. 23.

1b) The whole universe; above this are mānasa worlds of Somapā-manes.1 Īśvara entered into;2 was split by Bhaṇḍa.3

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 15. 25; 249. 29; 266. 28; 289. 13.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 103. 20-1; 104.
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 10. 82.

1c) A dāna of the image of the universe in gold weighing not less than 20 palas and up-to 1000 according to capacity with 8 guardian elephants, Vedas and Angas, and all the deities beginning from Brahmā; then worship of the different manifestations of Viṣṇu—Anantaśayana, Pradyumna, Samkarṣaṇa, Aniruddha, Vāsudeva; the giver enjoys in heaven with the heavenly damsels.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 274. 7.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Brahmāṇḍa (ब्रह्माण्ड).—According to the version in the Matsyapurāṇa, the God Brahmā created the Brahmāṇḍa, cosmic egg. Viṣṇu broke it and the upper portion became the sky, the lower portion the earth and the netherworlds. The earth was suffering from the heavy weight of oceans and mountains. The goddess Earth prayed to Viṣṇu to lighten her load. In order to lessen her burden and at the same time to enjoy her company Viṣṇu took the form of an aquatic Boar and plunged into the sea to play with the Goddess Earth. At that time came Hiraṇyākṣa, sure of his power and with an ardent desire to fight invited Viṣṇu for a combat. Viṣṇu kept the earth on the surface of the ocean and without any effort hurled his discus and put an end to the life of the demon.

Source: Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (purāṇa)
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Brahmāṇḍa (ब्रह्माण्ड).—According to the Mānasāra II.2-4, the brahmāṇḍa, literally, “egg of Brahmā”, here to mean cosmos, is “self-created”, in other words, “begotten”, by Viśvakarman.

Source: McGill: The architectural theory of the Mānasāra
Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Brahmanda in Marathi glossary... « previous · [B] · next »

brahmāṇḍa (ब्रह्मांड).—n (S The egg of Brahma.) The universe, the fourteen worlds. See caturdaśabhuvana & saptalōka. 2 The crown of the human head. 3 Used in comp. to convey the sense of Monstrousness, extensiveness, or exorbitance in general; as brahmāṇḍa nadī-parvata-pāṣāṇa-vṛkṣa-sāmpa-hattī &c. A vast river, mountain &c.; an enormous serpent, elephant &c.; brahmāṇḍa kāma-kārakhānā-kārabhāra-pasārā An extensive and immense work, affair, business, establishment, concern, outlay; brahmāṇḍa karja-kharca-saṃsāra A world of debt, expense, business, dealing. brahmāṇḍānta na māṇēṃ (To be uncontainable in the universe. ) To be exceedingly numerous, large, great, extensive &c.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

brahmāṇḍa (ब्रह्मांड).—n The universe; bramhāṇḍānta na māṇēṃ Be exceedingly numerous, large.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Relevant definitions

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