Brahmanacchamsin, Brāhmaṇācchaṃsin: 7 definitions


Brahmanacchamsin means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Brahmanachchhamsin.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Brahmanacchamsin in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Brāhmaṇācchaṃsin (ब्राह्मणाच्छंसिन्) refers to one of the three types of companions for the Brahman, which is one of the four classes of Ṛtvijas (Ṛtvik), or “priests participating in the Vedic sacrifices”, as mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.27.—The priests (Ṛtvijas) participating in the Vedic sacrifices are usually four in number. They are Hotṛ, Adhvaryu, Udgātṛ and Brahman corresponding to the four Vedas—Ṛg, Yajus, Sāman and Atharvan respectively. Each of the priests has three companions or helpers, the total no. is sixteen viz. Hotṛ—Maitrāvaruṇa, Acchāvāka, Grāvastut; Adhvaryu—Pratiprasthātṛ, Neṣṭṛ, Unnetṛ; Udgātṛ—Prastotṛ, Pratihartṛ, Subrahmaṇya and Brahman—Brāhmaṇācchaṃsin, Agnīdhra, Potṛ. See Āśvalāyana Śrauta Sūtra IV. 1.4-6.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Brahmanacchamsin in Hinduism glossary
Source: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Brāhmaṇācchaṃsin (ब्राह्मणाच्छंसिन्) (“reciting after the Brāhmaṇa—i.e., Brahman”) is the name of a priest in the Brāhmaṇas. In the technical division of the sacrificial priests (Ṛtvj) he is classed with the Brahman, but it is clear that he was really a Hotraka or assistant of the Hotṛ. According to Oldenberg, he was known to the Ṛgveda as Brahman. This is denied by Geldner, who sees in Brahman merely the “superintending priest” or the “priest”.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Brahmanacchamsin in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Brāhmaṇācchaṃsin (ब्राह्मणाच्छंसिन्).—m. Name of a priest, the assistant of the priest called Brahman q .v.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Brāhmaṇācchaṃsin (ब्राह्मणाच्छंसिन्).—[masculine] a cert. priest; sya [adjective] belonging to him, [neuter] his office.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Brāhmaṇācchaṃsin (ब्राह्मणाच्छंसिन्):—[=brāhmaṇāc-chaṃsin] [from brāhmaṇa > brahman] m. ([from] ṇāt-śaṃ) ‘reciting after the Brāhmaṇa or the Brahman’, a priest who assists the Brahman or chief priest at a Soma sacrifice, [Brāhmaṇa; ???]

[Sanskrit to German]

Brahmanacchamsin in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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