Bijapuraka, Bījapūraka, Bija-puraka: 12 definitions


Bijapuraka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Bijapuraka in Ayurveda glossary

Cikitsa (natural therapy and treatment for medical conditions)

Source: Wisdom Library: Ayurveda: Cikitsa

Bijapuraka (बिजपुरक):—Another name for Mātuluṅga (Citrus medica), a medicinal plant and used in the treatment of fever (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which is part of the 7th-century Mādhavacikitsā, a Sanskrit classical work on Āyurveda.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Bijapuraka in Purana glossary
Source: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study

Bījapūraka (बीजपूरक) refers to the “fruit of citron” and forms part of the cosmetics and personal decoration that was once commonly applied to one’s body in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) as mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—Reference is made in the Nīlamata to various sorts of scents, perfumes, unguents, flowers and garlands. For example, Bījapūraka is mentioned as an unguent (verse 423).

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Bijapuraka in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Bījapūraka (बीजपूरक) refers to one of the thirty-six sacred trees, according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “According to the Kula teaching (these) [i.e., Bījapūraka] are the most excellent Kula trees that give accomplishments and liberation. (They are full of) Yoginīs, Siddhas, Lords of the Heroes and hosts of gods and demons. One should not touch them with one’s feet or urinate and defecate on them or have sex etc. below them. One should not cut etc. or burn them. Having worshipped and praised them regularly with their own flowers and shoots, one should always worship the Śrīkrama with devotion with their best fruits and roots. [...]”.

2) Bījapūraka (बीजपूरक) refers to a “citron”, according to the Kulakaulinīmata.—Accordingly, “The goddess in the middle is (red) like vermillion and the Javā and Bandhūka flower. She is charming and beautiful. Auspicious, she holds a flower bow and arrows, noose and goad. Her topknot is red and she holds a bowl and a citron (bījapūraka-hastā). She is joyful with the bliss of wine. She wears red clothes and has long red eyes. (Her) lips are (like) a flaming red lotus and she shines with red flowers. She is the mother (who makes people) passionate with attachment and she colours this universe (with desire). Kāma, along with spring, resides in the Nanda forest. The (spring) breezes are close to him, in front and behind”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Bījapūraka (बीजपूरक) refers to a “citron” and represents one of the items held in the left hand of Heruka: one of the main deities of the Herukamaṇḍala described in the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Heruka is positioned in the Lotus (padma) at the center; He is the origin of all heroes; He has 17 faces (with three eyes on each) and 76 arms [holding, for example, bījapūraka]; He is half black and half green in color; He is dancing on a flaming sun placed on Bhairava and Kālarātrī.

Source: BDK Tripiṭaka: The Susiddhikara-sūtra

Bījapūraka (बीजपूरक) or bījapūra refers to the “citron fruit”, as mentioned in Chapter 12 (“offering food”) of the Susiddhikara-sūtra. Accordingly, “The fruit of the bījapūraka (citron) is suitable for all three families, and the pomegranate and fruit of the cūta (mango) are also suitable for the three families: in this order each is suitable for one family. [...] There are many more kinds of fruit such as the above varieties, but with different names: examine their taste and use them accordingly to make offerings”.

When you wish to offer food [viz., bījapūraka], first cleanse the ground, sprinkle scented water all around, spread out on the ground leaves that have been washed clean, such as lotus leaves, palāśa (dhak) leaves, and leaves from lactescent trees, or new cotton cloth, and then set down the oblatory dishes. [...] First smear and sprinkle the ground and then spread the leaves; wash your hands clean, rinse out your mouth several times, swallow some water, and then you should set down the food [viz., bījapūraka]. [...]

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

Jain philosophy

Source: Anekanta Jaya Pataka of Haribhadra Suri

Bījapūraka (बीजपूरक) is synonymous to Mātuliṅga—a kind of “citron tree”, as occurring in the Anekāntajayapatākā-prakaraṇa, a Śvetāmbara Jain philosophical work written by Haribhadra Sūri.—[Cf. Vol. II, P. 135, ll. 6 & 18]—‘Mātuliṅga’ (Marathi: Mahāḷuṅga or Māvaḷaṅga) is the name of a kind of citron tree and that of its fruit as well ‘Bījapūraka’ is its synonym, and this may remind a Gujarati of ‘Bījorum’. The word ‘mātuliṅga’ occurs in Mālatīmadhava (VI, v 19), and its Pāiya (Prakrit) equivalent ‘māuliṅga’ in Rāyappasenaijja (...). ‘Biyaūraya’ occurs in Mālavikāgnimitra (III, p 37). This fruit is used in a ceremony known as ‘grahaśānti’. It is considered auspicious like the cocoanut and fit to be presented to a great personage at a visit. In some Jaina temples a silver piece having the shape of a citron elongated both ways and usually gilt with gold is placed on the palm of the mam idol of a Jaina Tīrthaṅkara.

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General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Bijapuraka in Jainism glossary
Source: Tessitori Collection I

Bījapūraka (बीजपूरक) refers to a kind of citron, according to the Revatīsajjhāya (dealing with the lives of Jain female heroes), which is included in the collection of manuscripts at the ‘Vincenzo Joppi’ library, collected by Luigi Pio Tessitori during his visit to Rajasthan between 1914 and 1919.—Revatī was the lady who offered proper food to Mahāvīra as he was ill after Gosāla’s attack. The earliest account is found in Bhagavatīsūtra XV. The food item was Sanskrit bījapūraka, a kind of citron (here vījorāpāka).

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bijapuraka in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bījapūraka (बीजपूरक).—the citron tree.

-ram, -rakam the fruit of citron. -utkṛṣṭam good seed; abīja- vikrayī caiva bījotkṛṣṭaṃ tathaiva ca Manusmṛti 9.291. -udakam hail. -uptiḥ f. sowing seed. °cakram a kind of astrological diagram for indicating good or bad luck following on the sowing of seed. -kartṛ m. an epithet of Śiva. -kṛt a. producing semen. (-n.) an aphrodisiac.

Derivable forms: bījapūrakaḥ (बीजपूरकः).

Bījapūraka is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms bīja and pūraka (पूरक). See also (synonyms): bījāḍhya, bījapūra.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bījapūraka (बीजपूरक).—[masculine] the citron-tree; [neuter] a citron.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bījapūraka (बीजपूरक):—[=bīja-pūraka] [from bīja] a m. ([Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa etc.]) ‘seed-filled’, a citron, Citrus Medica

2) [=bīja-pūraka] [from bīja-pūrṇa > bīja] b n. a citron, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Bījapūraka (बीजपूरक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Bīaūraya.

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bijapuraka in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Bījapūraka (ಬೀಜಪೂರಕ):—[noun] = ಬೀಜಪೂರ [bijapura].

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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