Matulunga, Mātuluṅga, Matulumga, Matulamga: 20 definitions


Matulunga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Matulunga in Ayurveda glossary

Cikitsa (natural therapy and treatment for medical conditions)

Source: Wisdom Library: Ayurveda: Cikitsa

Mātuluṅga (मातुलुङ्ग) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “Citron”, a species of citrus fruit from the Rutaceae family of flowering plants. It is also known as Mātuliṅga or Mātuliṅgī. It is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā. The official botanical name is Citrus medica.

This plant (Mātuluṅga) is also mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers, as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which forms the first chapter of the Sanskrit work called Mādhavacikitsā. In this work, the plant is also known by the name Bijapuraka.

Dietetics and Culinary Art (such as household cooking)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Mātuluṅga (मातुलुङ्ग) refers to “Citrus medica” and represents a type of fruit-bearing plant, according to the Suśrutasaṃhitā Sūtrasthāna 49.335, and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—We can see the description of flowering and fruit bearing plants in Ṛgveda. But we come across the specific names of them only in the later Saṃhita and Brāhmaṇa literature. [...] According to Suśruta among all the fruits pomegranates, Emblic myrobalan, grapes, dates, parūṣaka, rājādana and mātuluṅga (Citrus medica) are considered as the best. Some dry fruits such as almonds, walnuts, pistachio were also used. Paṭola and vārtāka (brinjal) were considered as good fruits.

Mātuluṅga or “sweet lime” is mentioned as being beneficial (hita) to the body according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala in the dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana, which contains the discussions on different food articles and their dietetic effects according to the prominent Ayurvedic treatises. Here In the phala (fruits) group mātuluṅga (sweet lime) is mentioned as beneficial to the body (hita).

Kalpa (Formulas, Drug prescriptions and other Medicinal preparations)

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Mātuluṅga (मातुलुङ्ग) [or Mātuḷuṅga] refers to the medicinal plant known as “Citrus medica Linn.” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning mātuluṅga] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Veterinary Medicine (The study and treatment of Animals)

Source: Asian Agri-History: Paśu Āyurvēda (Veterinary Medicine) in Garuḍapurāṇa

Mātuluṅga (मातुलुङ्ग) refers to Citrus medica, and is used in the application of “errhines” (nasya), according to sections on the treatment of Horses (Gajāyurveda or Aśvāyurveda) in the Garuḍapurāṇa.—In certain afflictions when nasya (errhines) become necessary either the juice of Mātuluṅga (Citrus medica) or that of Māṃsī (Nardostachys jatamansi) should be used for that purpose. The first day's dosage is two pala (48gms) weight. Every day it has to be increased by a pala. The maximum for a first class horse is eighten pala. In the average class it is fourteen and for the lowest class of horse it is eight pala weight. Errhines are not to be administered in autumn or summer seasons.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Matulunga in Shaktism glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (shaktism)

Mātuluṅga (मातुलुङ्ग) refers to a type of fruit, according to the King Vatsarāja’s Pūjāstuti called the Kāmasiddhistuti (also Vāmakeśvarīstuti), guiding one through the worship of the Goddess Nityā.—Accordingly, “[...] May the goddess Vajreśvarī give me all objects of my desire. She is known to have her abode at the right corner [of the central triangle]. She is resplendent like a thunderbolt, beautiful like fresh coral, and has a bow, arrows, a snare, a hook, a shield, and a mātuluṅga fruit attached to her six arms. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Matulunga in Shaivism glossary
Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

1) Mātuluṅga (मातुलुङ्ग) refers to a “citron tree” which is associated with Sadāśiva, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 9.19cd-26, while instructing to visualize Sadāśiva in order to worship the formless Amṛteśa]—“[He] resembles the swelling moon, a heap of mountain snow. [...] [Sadāśiva has] a shield, a mirror, a bow, a citron tree (mātuluṅga), and a water jar. At his head is a half moon. [He who meditates of Sadāśiva] should perceive the Eastern face as yellow; the Southern a wrathful, terrible black [that has] an unnatural, tusked mouth. [...]”.

2) Mātuluṅga (मातुलुङ्ग) or “citrus tree” is also associated with Rudra.—Accordingly, [verse 13.29-36, while describing the appearance and worship of Rudra]—“[...] [Rudra] has noble nature [and holds] a spike for safety. Carrying a citrus tree (mātuluṅga-dhara), mighty Deva [also] has a rosary. Now, [the Mantrin] should think [so that] Deva appears, his many arms posed in a dance [position]. [The Mantrin meditates on Rudra] who holds Umā at [his] side. Or [the Mantrin visualizes Rudra] as half of Viṣṇu. [Or finally, the Mantrin visualizes Rudra as] taking a bride. [The Mantrin] worships him nearby”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (shilpa)

Mātuluṅga (मातुलुङ्ग) refers to a kind of “citron tree” which in iconography is associated with Dhūmorṇā, the wife of Yama, according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—According to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, the image of Yama should be made along with his wife Dhūmorṇā. The image of Dhūmorṇā should have two hands having mātuluṅga i.e., a kind of citron tree, in her left hand and her right hand should be placed on the back of her husband. Thus it is clear that the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa offers a great field of knowledge regarding the nuances of Indian art of Image making [e.g., mātuluṅga—citron tree] during 10th–11th century A.D.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Biology (plants and animals)

[«previous next»] — Matulunga in Biology glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Matulunga [ಮಾತುಲುಂಗ] in the Kannada language is the name of a plant identified with Citrus medica L. from the Rutaceae (Lemon) family having the following synonyms: Citrus bicolor, Citrus cedra, Citrus limetta, Citrus limetta. For the possible medicinal usage of matulunga, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Matulunga [मातुलुंग] in the Marathi language, ibid. previous identification.

Matulunga [मातुलुङ्ग] in the Sanskrit language, ibid. previous identification.

Matulunga [मातुलुङ्ग] in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Citrus aurantiifolia (Christm.) Swingle from the Rutaceae (Lemon) family.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Matulunga in India is the name of a plant defined with Citrus medica in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Aurantium medicum (L.) M. Gómez (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Revista Brasil. Genét. (1997)
· Supplementum Carpologiae (1805)
· Reise nach Ostindien und China (1765)
· Flore de Madagascar et des Comores (1950)
· J. SouthW. Agric. Univ. (1994)
· Flora Indica (1768)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Matulunga, for example extract dosage, diet and recipes, pregnancy safety, health benefits, side effects, chemical composition, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Matulunga in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

mātuluṅga : (m.) the citron.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Mātuluṅga, (nt.) (cp. Class. Sk. mātulunga; dialectical?) a citron J. III, 319 (=mella; v. l. bella). (Page 528)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Matulunga in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

mātuluṅga (मातुलुंग).—n S pop. mātuliṅga n Common citron, the tree or the fruit, Citrus medica.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Matulunga in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mātuluṅga (मातुलुङ्ग).—A kind of citron tree; (bhuvo) भागाः प्रेङ्खितमातुलुङ्गवृतयः प्रेयो विधास्यन्ति वाम् (bhāgāḥ preṅkhitamātuluṅgavṛtayaḥ preyo vidhāsyanti vām) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 6.19.

-gam The fruit of this tree, a citron.

Derivable forms: mātuluṅgaḥ (मातुलुङ्गः).

See also (synonyms): mātuliṅga.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mātuluṅga (मातुलुङ्ग).—m.

(-ṅgaḥ) Common citron. f.

(-ṅgā) The sweet lime. E. See the next.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mātuluṅga (मातुलुङ्ग).—v. mātulaṅga.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mātuluṅga (मातुलुङ्ग):—[from mātulaṅga] m. and n. = [preceding] m. and n., [Suśruta]

2) Mātuluṅgā (मातुलुङ्गा):—[from mātuluṅga > mātulaṅga] f. another species of citron tree, sweet lime, [ib.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mātuluṅga (मातुलुङ्ग):—(ṅgaḥ) 1. m. Citron (Citrus medica). f. (ṅgā) Sweet lime.

[Sanskrit to German]

Matulunga in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Matulunga in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Mātuluṃga (ಮಾತುಲುಂಗ):—[noun] = ಮಾತುಲಂಗ [matulamga].

--- OR ---

Mātuḷaṃga (ಮಾತುಳಂಗ):—[noun] = ಮಾತುಲಂಗ [matulamga].

--- OR ---

Mātuḷuṃga (ಮಾತುಳುಂಗ):—[noun] = ಮಾತುಲಂಗ [matulamga].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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