Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi

by Ganganatha Jha | 1920 | 1,381,940 words | ISBN-10: 8120811550

This is the English translation of the Manusmriti, which is a collection of Sanskrit verses dealing with ‘Dharma’, a collective name for human purpose, their duties and the law. Various topics will be dealt with, but this volume of the series includes 12 discourses (adhyaya). The commentary on this text by Medhatithi elaborately explains various t...

Sanskrit text, Unicode transliteration and English translation by Ganganath Jha:

द्वौ मासौ मत्स्यमांसेन त्रीन् मासान् हारिणेन तु ।
अउरभ्रेणाथ चतुरः शाकुनेनाथ पञ्च वै ॥ २६८ ॥

dvau māsau matsyamāṃsena trīn māsān hāriṇena tu |
aurabhreṇātha caturaḥ śākunenātha pañca vai || 268 ||

For two months by fish-meat; for three months by the meat of deer; for four by that of sheep, and for five by that of birds.—(268)

 

Medhātithi’s commentary (manubhāṣya):

Urabhra’—Sheep.

Birds’—Wild cocks, etc.

fish’—Pāṭhīna, and the rest.—(268)

 

Explanatory notes by Ganganath Jha

This verse is quoted in Parāśaramādhava (Ācāra, p. 705);—in Hemādri (Śrāddha, p. 586);—and in Gadādharapaddhati (Kāla, p. 536), which explains ‘aurabhra’ as mutton.

 

Comparative notes by various authors

Matsyapurāṇa (Parāśaramādhava, p. 705).—‘Food mixed with curd and milk and cow’s butter mixed with sugar keep the Pitṛs satisfied for a month.’

Mārkaṇḍeya (Do.).—‘With wheat, sugar-cane, Mudga, Kṣīṇaka, grains, offered at Śrāddha, the forefathers remain satisfied for a month.—With Vidārya, Bhacuṇḍa, lotus-root, Śṛṅgāṭaka, Kecuka, Kanda, Karkandhū, plums, Pālevata, Rātuka, Akṣoṭa, jack-fruit, Kākolī, Kṣīrakākolī, Piṇḍālaka, fried grains, Śalā, Trapusa, Vāru, Cirbhaṭa, Sarṣapa, Rājaśāka, Iṅguḍa, Rājajambū, Priyāla, Āmalaka, Parigu, Tilambaka, Vetrāṅkura, Tālakanda, Cakrikā, Kṣīrika, Vaca, Moca with Lakuca, Bījapūraka, Muñjātaka, Padmapala, and other well-cooked food,—offered at Śrāddha, the Pitṛs of men remain satisfied for a month.’

Viṣṇu (80. 2-5).—‘For two months, with fish and meat;—for three months with deer-moat;—for four months with sheep-meat;—for five months with bird-meat; for eleven months with the aurabhra meat, for one year with milk or its preparations.’

Yājñavalkya (1.258).—‘Fish and the meat of deer, sheep, bird, goat and the Pṛṣat deer.’

Āpastamba (2.7.2-3).—‘So also with the meat of the Śātabali fish,—and that of old goat.’

Mahābhārata (13.88.5)—‘The satisfaction of Pitṛs, obtained with fish, lasts for two months.’

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