Cuta, Cūta: 18 definitions

Introduction

Cuta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chuta.

In Hinduism

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: archive.org: Isvara Samhita Vol 5

Cūta (चूत) refers to the “mango” and represents two types of vegetables fit for use in oblation offerings, according to verse 25.121b-125 of the Īśvarasaṃhitā.

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Cūta (चूत) is a Sanskrit word referring to Magnifera indica (“mango”) from the Anacardiaceae family. It is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Carakasaṃhitā or the Suśrutasaṃhitā. It is a large evergreen tree growing up to 45 meters in heighth. It grows all over India in forests up to 1200 meters altitude. It is widely cultivated. It has simple leaves with small flowers which are pungently odorous and reddish white or yellowish green in large pubescent panicles. The fruits are large fleshy drupes and have a green, orange, yellow or red color. Its seed is solitary.

According to the Amarakośa, the plain mango (Cūta) has the following two synonyms: Āmra and Rasāla, while the fragrant variety (Sahakāra) has the following synonyms: Kāmaṅga, Madhudūta, Mākanda and Pikavallabha. The Amarakośa is a 4th century Sanskrit botanical thesaurus authored by Amarasiṃha.

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Cūta (चूत) refers to a variety of mango and represents a type of fruit-bearing plant, according to the Arthaśāstra II.15.19, and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—We can see the description of flowering and fruit bearing plants in Ṛgveda. But we come across the specific names of them only in the later Saṃhita and Brāhmaṇa literature. [...] Karamarda, parūṣaka, cūta (a variety of mango), Emblic myrobalan (āmalaka), Citrus medica, jujube, rose apple (jambu), cucumber (urvāruka), palm fruit (tālaphala), rājādana, pomegranate and jack fruit are referred to in Arthaśāstra.

Cūta refers to “mango”, the fruit of which is mentioned in a list of remedies for indigestion in the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana).—A complete section in Bhojanakutūhala is devoted for the description of agents that cause indigestion [viz., mātsya (made of fish)]. These agents consumed on a large scale can cause indigestion for certain people. The remedies [viz., cūta-phala (mango fruit)] for these types of indigestions are also explained therewith.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Cūta (चूत) refers to “mango trees”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.21. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] When Kāma (God of Love) reached the vicinity of Śiva, Spring spread all his splendour in accord with the inclination of the lord. [...] The mango trees (cūta) and the Śāli plants shining like mild fire shone like the open couches for the flowery arrows of Kāma”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

According to Śrīla Jīva Gosvāmī, Cūta is a mango creeper (Śrīmad Bhāgavatam 10.30.9).

Source: Sanskrit Literature: Mango

Cūta (चूत)—Sanskrit word for the “Mango”. This may be a plain synonym or may denote a different species of mangoes. The sahakāra is also used interchangeably with cūta. The Ṛtusaṃhāra for instance has two verses which describe the cūta and the sahakāra’s very similar effects on travellers and there is no suggestion of a distinction between the two.

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdomlib Libary: Vajrayogini

Cūta (चूत) is the name of the tree (vṛkṣa), identified with the mango tree, and associated with Subhīṣaṇa: the southern cremation ground (śmaśāna) according to the Vajravārāhī-sādhana by Umāpatideva as found in te 12th century Guhyasamayasādhanamālā. As a part of this sādhana, the practicioner is to visualize a suitable dwelling place for the goddess inside the circle of protection which takes the form of eight cremation grounds.

These trees (eg., Cūta) that are associated with the cremation grounds are often equated with the eight bodhi-trees of the Buddhas (the current buddha plus the seven previous one). According to the Śmaśānavidhi each tree has a secondary tree (upavṛkṣa) that is depicted as lovely and covered in vaṅga flowers and fruit. In each tree lives a naked rākṣasa who is wrathful in form, who eats human flesh and who has the animal face or the mount of the dikpati in his cremation ground.

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Cūta (चूत) refers to one of the eight trees (vṛkṣa) of the Guṇacakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the guṇacakra refers to one of the four divisions of the sahaja-puṭa (‘innate layer’), situated within the padma (lotus) in the middle of the Herukamaṇḍala. Cūta is associated with the charnel grounds (śmaśāna) named Vibhīṣaṇa; with the direction-guardian (dikpāla) named Yama; with the serpent king (nāgendra) named Padma and with the cloud king (meghendra) named Āvarta.

Source: BDK Tripiṭaka: The Susiddhikara-sūtra

Cūta (चूत) refers to the “mango”, as mentioned in Chapter 12 (“offering food”) of the Susiddhikara-sūtra. Accordingly, “The fruit of the bījapūraka (citron) is suitable for all three families, and the pomegranate and fruit of the cūta (mango) are also suitable for the three families: in this order each is suitable for one family. [...] There are many more kinds of fruit such as the above varieties, but with different names: examine their taste and use them accordingly to make offerings”.

When you wish to offer food [viz., cūta], first cleanse the ground, sprinkle scented water all around, spread out on the ground leaves that have been washed clean, such as lotus leaves, palāśa (dhak) leaves, and leaves from lactescent trees, or new cotton cloth, and then set down the oblatory dishes. [...] First smear and sprinkle the ground and then spread the leaves; wash your hands clean, rinse out your mouth several times, swallow some water, and then you should set down the food [viz., cūta]. [...]

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Cūta (चूत) is the name of a big garden situated near big lotus-lakes in the vicinity of the four Añjana mountains, according to Jain cosmology.

The Añjana-mountains (and gardens such as Cūta) are situated in the southern direction of the central part of Nandīśvaradvīpa, which is one of the continents (dvīpa) of the middle-world (madhyaloka) and is mentioned in ancient Jaina canonical texts dealing with cosmology and geography of the universe. Examples of such texts are the Saṃgrahaṇīratna in the Śvetāmbara tradition or the Tiloyapannatti and the Trilokasāra in the Digambara tradition.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

cuta : (pp. of codeti) incited; reproved; accused. (pp. of cavati), fallen away; shifted.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Cuta, (pp. of cavati; Sk. cyuta) 1. (adj.) shifted, disappeared, deceased, passed from one existence to another Vin.IV, 216; Sn.774, 899; It.19, 99; J.I, 139, 205; Pug.17.——accuta permanent. not under the sway of Death, Ep. of Nibbāna Dh.225.—2. (n.) in cpd. cutûpapāta disappearance & reappearance, transmigration, Saṃsāra (see cuti) S.II, 67 (āgatigatiyā sati c° hoti); A.III, 420; IV, 178; DhA.I, 259; usually in phrase sattānaṃ cutûpapāta-ñāṇa the discerning of the saṃsāra of beings D.I, 82=M.I, 248; D.III, 111. As cutuppāta at A.II, 183. Cp. jātisaṃsāra-ñāṇa. (Page 270)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

cūta (चूत).—f (Low. cyuti S) Pudendum muliebre.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Cuta (चुत).—The anus.

Derivable forms: cutaḥ (चुतः).

See also (synonyms): cuti.

--- OR ---

Cūta (चूत).—[cūṣ-kta, cotati rasaṃ cut-ac vā pṛṣo° Tv.]

1) The mango tree; ईषद्बद्धरजः कणाग्रकपिशा चूते नवा मञ्जरी (īṣadbaddharajaḥ kaṇāgrakapiśā cūte navā mañjarī) V.2.7; चूताङ्कुरास्वादकषायकण्ठः (cūtāṅkurāsvādakaṣāyakaṇṭhaḥ) Ku.3.32; one of the 5 arrows of Cupid; see पञ्चबाण (pañcabāṇa).

-tam The anus.

Derivable forms: cūtaḥ (चूतः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cuta (चुत).—m.

(-taḥ) The anus. E. cut to be moist, affix ka; also cyuta and cuti.

--- OR ---

Cūta (चूत).—m.

(-taḥ) 1. The mango, (Manjifera Indica.) 2. The anus. E. cūṣ to drink, affix kta, deriv. irr. or cut to be moist, affix. ac . cūṣa-kta cotati rasam, cuta ac vā .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cūta (चूत).—[masculine] the mango tree.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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