Bhuri, Bhūrī, Bhūri: 24 definitions


Bhuri means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Bhūri (भूरि):—One of the three sons of Somadatta (son of Bāhlīka). (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.22.18-19)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Bhūri (भूरि).—A king of the Kuru dynasty. Somadatta, king of the Kuru dynasty had three sons, Bhūri, Bhūriśravas and Śala.* In Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 185, we read that they had attended the Svayaṃvara of Draupadī and in Sabhā Parva, Chapter 94 it is said that they had taken part in Yudhiṣṭhira’s Rājasūya. In Droṇa Parva, Chapter 166, we read that this King Bhūri was slain by Sātyaki during the war between Kauravas and Pāṇḍavas. After death, Bhūri obtained a place with the Viśvedevas. (Mahābhārata Svargārohaṇa Parva, Chapter 5, Verse 16).

*) In Agnipurāṇa, Chapter 278, we see another statement that Śantanu, king of the Lunar dynasty, had three sons, Devāpi, Bālhīka and Somada and of them Bālhika had four sons, Somadatta, Bhūri, Bhūriśravas and Śala.

2) Bhūri (भूरि).—A son of the sage Śuka. Vyāsa’s son, Śuka married Pīvarī, the daughter of Pitṛs. She had four sons by Śuka, who were named Kṛṣṇa, Gauraprabha, Bhūri and Devaśruta, and a daughter named Kīrti. (Devī Bhāgavata, Prathama Skandha).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Bhūri (भूरि).—A son of Somadatta of the Bāhlikas; resented Sāmba's action in seizing Lakṣmaṇā; took active part in the Rājasūya of Yudhisthira.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 22. 18; X. 68. 5; 75. 6; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 235; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 20. 32; V. 35. 27.

1b) A son of Gaveṣaṇa (Gaveṣa, Vāyu-purāṇa).*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 259; Matsya-purāṇa 47. 22; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 250.

1c) The eldest son of Vivakṣu.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 50. 80.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Bhūri (भूरि) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.177.14) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Bhūri) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Bhūri (भूरि) refers to “very large”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly:—“Kāmarūpa, beautifully red, the abode of many qualities, is in authority over the principle of the Point. (Present there is) Kāmāvvā, who is passion, and Siddhayogeśvarī, the mother of the fear of the fettered. Navātman is the reality. Uḍḍīśa is the Siddhanātha, adorned with all the qualities and very large [i.e., bhūri-bhūta], he is the Lord Navātman who removes the impurity of the Age of Strife. (This seat) is well known as the Mudrāpīṭha. Passionate, it is called Mahocchuṣma to which the three worlds bow, and the cave is called Candra. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Bhūri (भूरि) refers to an “abundance” (of rain), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 8), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The first year of the fourth yuga is known as Citrabhānu; in it mankind will be happy. The second is known as Subhānu. In it mankind will be neither happy nor miserable; there will however be disease in the land but no deaths in consequence. The next year is known as Tāraṇa; in it there will be abundance of rain [i.e., bhūri-vārida]. The next is known as Pārthiva; in it crops with thrive well and mankind will be happy. The fifth year is known as Vyaya; in it amorous sensastions will prevail over the land”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Bhūri (भूरि) refers to “abundant” (e.g., ‘offering abundant oblations’), according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 19.101cd-105ab, while describing the ritual that protect the king and his kingdom]—“[...] [The Mantrin] should worship [Amṛteśa] to benefit Brahmins, cows, his own protection, and [the king’s] own people, offering abundant oblations (bhūri-yāga) at home on the ninth day [of the light half of the month] Mahānavamī. As said before, [this brings] long life, freedom from disease, and perfect health”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

bhūri : (f.) wisdom. (adj.), extensive; abundant.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Bhūrī, (f.) (is it original? Cp. BSk. bhūri in same sense at Lal. V, 444, 541; MVastu III, 332) knowledge, understanding, intelligence Dh. 282, quoted at DhsA. 76 (explained as termed so because it is as widespread as the earth; Dhs. 16; DhA. III, 421; same explanation at DhsA. 148); J. VI, 415. (Page 508)

— or —

1) Bhūri, 2 (adj.) (cp. Vedic bhūri) wide, extensive, much, abundant, DhsA. 147 (in def. of the term bhūri1, i.e. earth); otherwise only in cpds. : °pañña (adj.) of extensive wisdom, very wise S. IV, 205; Sn. 346, 792, 1097, 1143; Pv III, 55; Ps. II, 197 (“paṭhavī-samāya vitthatāya vipulāya paññāya samannāgato ti bhūripañño,” with other definitions); Nd1 95 (same explanation as under Ps. II, 197); Nd2 415 C. (id.). °paññāṇa (adj. ) same as °pañña Sn. 1136 ≈ (cp. Nd2 480). °medhasa (adj.) very intelligent S. I, 42, 174; III, 143; A. IV, 449; Sn. 1131, 1136; Th. 1, 1266; Pv III, 77. (Page 508)

2) Bhūri, 1 (f.) (cp. late Sk. bhūr) the earth; given as name for the earth (paṭhavi) at Ps. II, 197; see also def. at DhsA. 147. Besides these only in 2 doubtful cpds. , both resting on demonology, viz. bhūrikamma D. I, 12, explained as “practices to be observed by one living in a bhūrighara or earth-house” (?) DA. I, 97, but cp. Vedic bhūri-karman “much effecting”; and bhūrivijjā D. I, 9, explained as “knowledge of charms to be pronounced by one living in an earth-house” (?) DA. I, 93. See Dial. I. 18, 25. The meaning of the terms is obscure; there may have been (as Kern rightly suggests: see Toev. s. v.) quite a diff. popular practice behind them, which was unknown to the later Commentator. Kern suggests that bhūri-vijjā might be a secret science to find gold (digging for it: science of hidden treasures), and °kamma might be “making gold” (alchemistic science). Perhaps the term bhumma-jāla is to be connected with these two. (Page 508)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bhurī (भुरी).—f C (bhurā) Ashes. 2 ( H) Mouldiness or mould. 3 Cloudiness or dusky suffusion over the eye, nebula.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

bhurī (भुरी).—f Ashes. Mouldiness. Nebula.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhūri (भूरि).—a. [bhū-krin Uṇ 4.65] Much, abundant, numerous, copious; प्रेङ्खद्भूरिमयूख (preṅkhadbhūrimayūkha) ... Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 6.5. भूरिभार- भराक्रान्तो बाधति स्कन्ध एष ते । न तथा बाधते स्कन्धो यथा बाधति बाधते (bhūribhāra- bharākrānto bādhati skandha eṣa te | na tathā bādhate skandho yathā bādhati bādhate) || Subhāṣ.

2) Great, large. -m.

1) An epithet of &Viṣṇu.

2) Of Brahman.

3) Of Śiva.

4) Of Indra. -f. Reason, intellect. -n. Gold. -ind.

1) Very much, exceedingly; नवाम्बुभिर्भूरि विलम्बिनो घनाः (navāmbubhirbhūri vilambino ghanāḥ) Ś.5.12.

2) Frequently, often, repeatedly.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Bhūri (भूरि).—f. (= Pali id. or °rī; compare Renou, JA 1939 p. 384 n. 1), intelligence: vidyā udapāsi buddhir ud° bhūrir ud° Mahāvastu iii.332.14, 17, 19; (vidyodapādi) bhūrir uda° medhoda° Lalitavistara 348.3, 18; so with utpannā for uda° 417.17. Cf. next.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhūri (भूरि).—mfn. (-riḥ-riḥ-ri) 1. Much, many. 2. Large, great. Ind. Much, exceeding. m.

(-riḥ) 1. A name of Vishnu. 2. Brahma. 3. Siva 4. Indra. n. (-ri) Gold. E. bhū to be, krin Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhūri (भूरि).— (probably bahu-rai, n., i. e. bahu-ri), I. adj. Much, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 23; many, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 215; [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 22, 96. Ii. adv. 1. Much, exceeding, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 213; [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 62. 2. Frequently, repeatedly, Chr. 287, 2 = [Rigveda.] i. 48, 2. Iii. m. 1. Brahman. 2. Viṣṇu. 3. Śiva. 4. A day. Iv. n. Gold.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhūri (भूरि).—[adjective] abundant, much, frequent, numerous, strong, mighty; [neuter] [adverb]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhūri (भूरि):—[from bhū] a mfn. much, many, abundant, frequent, numerous, great, important, strong, mighty, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) Bhūrī (भूरी):—[from bhūri > bhū] ind. much, abundantly, greatly, often, frequently, [ib.] (bhūri kṛtvas, many times, repeatedly, [Ṛg-veda iii, 18, 4])

3) Bhūri (भूरि):—[from bhū] m. Name of Brahmā or Viṣṇu or Śiva, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] of a son of Soma-datta (king of the Bālhikas), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Purāṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] m. n. gold, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] f. (cf. Pāli bhūrī) reason, intellect, [Lalita-vistara]

7) b etc. See [column]1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhūri (भूरि):—(raḥ) 2. m. Vishnu; Brahmā; Shiva; a day. n. Gold. a. Much.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Bhūri (भूरि) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Bhūri.

[Sanskrit to German]

Bhuri in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Bhūri (भूरि):—(a) much, very much; -[bhūri] very much.

context information


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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Bhūri (भूरि) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Bhūri.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Bhūri (ಭೂರಿ):—

1) [adjective] much; many.

2) [adjective] numerouns; abundant.

3) [adjective] strong; mighty.

4) [adjective] wide; broad.

--- OR ---

Bhūri (ಭೂರಿ):—

1) [noun] plentifulness; abundance.

2) [noun] Viṣṇu.

3) [noun] Brahma.

4) [noun] Śiva.

5) [noun] Indra, the lord of gods.

6) [noun] gold.

7) [noun] a generous gift of money given to a large number of persons.

8) [noun] a piece of wood used as fuel.

9) [noun] willful neglect; contempt.

10) [noun] a large number of people, animal gathered together; a group; a multitude.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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