Bhurja, Bhūrja: 11 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Bhurja means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Bhūrja (भूर्ज) is a Sanskrit word, identified with Betula bhojapatra (Himalayan birch) by various scholars in their translation of the Śukranīti. This tree is mentioned as having thorns, and should therefore be considered as wild. The King shoud place such trees in forests (not in or near villages). He should nourish them by stoole of goats, sheep and cows, water as well as meat. Note that Betula bhojapatra (or, Betula bhojpatra) is a synonym of Betula utilis.

The following is an ancient Indian horticultural recipe for the nourishment of such trees:

According to Śukranīti 4.4.110-112: “The powder of the dungs of goats and sheep, the powder of Yava (barley), Tila (seeds), beef as well as water should be kept together (undisturbed) for seven nights. The application of this water leads very much to the growth in flowers and fruits of all trees (such as bhūrja).”

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Bhūrja (भूर्ज) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Betula utilis D. Don” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning bhūrja] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Bhurja.—(IE 3-2), really ‘the birch’; but same as lekhana; a written document. Note: bhurja is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bhūrja (भूर्ज).—m S A kind of Birch, the Bhoj or Bhojpatr.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

bhūrja (भूर्ज).—m A kind of Birch.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhūrja (भूर्ज).—The birch-tree; भूर्जगतोऽक्षरविन्यासः (bhūrjagato'kṣaravinyāsaḥ) V.2; Ku.1.7; 'भूर्जः कटुः कषायोष्णो भूतरक्षाकरः परः (bhūrjaḥ kaṭuḥ kaṣāyoṣṇo bhūtarakṣākaraḥ paraḥ)' Rājanighaṇṭu.

-rjam 1 A leaf made of birch-bark for writing on.

2) A written deed, document.

Derivable forms: bhūrjaḥ (भूर्जः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhūrja (भूर्ज).—m. A kind of birch; its leaf or bark used for writing on, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 30, 11.

— Cf. probably [Old High German.] bircha; A. S. byre, birce.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhūrja (भूर्ज).—[masculine] a kind of birch; [neuter] its bark (used for writing on).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhūrja (भूर्ज):—m. a species of birch (the Bhoj. tree, Betula Bhojpattra, the bark of which is used for writing on), [Kāṭhaka; Kāvya literature; Varāha-mihira] etc.

2) n. a leaf made of birch bark for writing on [Kāraṇḍa-vyūha]; a written deed, document, [???]

3) cf. [Slavonic or Slavonian] breza; [Lithuanian] bérzas; [German] bircha, Birke; [English] birch.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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