Bhratri, Bhrātṛ: 13 definitions

Introduction:

Bhratri means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Bhrātṛ can be transliterated into English as Bhratr or Bhratri, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Bhrātṛ (भ्रातृ) refers to “one’s brother”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.25 (“The seven celestial sages test Pārvatī”).—Accordingly, as the seven Sages said (with false words) to Pārvatī: “[...] On hearing this, Dakṣa was infuriated but his father consoled him. Thereafter he begot a thousand other sons and engaged them in penance. The sons too went to the same place for penance at the bidding of their father. Nārada too went there, a self-appointed instructor for them. He gave them the same instruction and they went the way of their brothers [i.e., bhrātṛ-patha]. They never returned to the parental abode. They were engrossed in the avocation of mendicants”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Bhrātṛ (भ्रातृ) refers to a “brother”, according to the Guhyasūtra chapter 3.—Accordingly, “[Once the rosary has been thus prepared, he becomes] ready for siddhis and power. Dangerous creatures do not harm one who has [first] accomplished an observance [that qualifies one] for [using] Spells: he should begin an observance by means of recitation. The one engaged in observance should practise the False Observance [by wandering about proclaiming]: ‘I have committed bad deeds: I have killed a cow, mother, father, brother (bhrātṛ, bhrātā), a guest, friend, Brahmin! [...]’”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Bhrātṛ (भ्रातृ, “older brother”).—According to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV), “all beings obtained the mind of equanimity (samacitta) by thinking of one another with the feelings one would feel (for example) for one’s older brother (bhrātṛ)”.

In the course of innumerable generations, all beings have been one’s older brother (bhrātṛ), father, mother, younger brother, elder sister, younger sister and relative. Furthermore, according to the true nature (satyalakṣaṇa) of dharmas, there is no father or mother, no elder or younger brother; but people who are submerged in the error of self believe in their existence and thus there is the question of father and mother, elder and younger brother. Therefore it is not a lie when, by virtue of a wholesome mind (kuśalacitta), we consider one another with the feelings we would feel (for example) for an older brother (bhrātṛ).

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Bhrātṛ (भ्रातृ) refers to “brother”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Brother (bhrātṛ), deceived by living beings, you do not obtain happiness, you do not contemplate your own true nature, you do not perceive the sorrow of life”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhrātṛ (भ्रातृ).—m. [bhrāj-tṛc pṛṣo°; cf. Uṇādi-sūtra 2.96.]

1) A brother.

2) An intimate friend or relation.

3) A near relative in general.

4) A term of friendly address (my good friend); भ्रातः कष्टमहो (bhrātaḥ kaṣṭamaho) Bhartṛhari 3.37;2.34; तत्त्वं चिन्तय तदिदं भ्रातः (tattvaṃ cintaya tadidaṃ bhrātaḥ) Moha M.3. -Dual. A brother and sister. [cf. L. frater; Zend bratar, Eng. brother.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhrātṛ (भ्रातृ).—m.

(-tā) 1. A brother, a uterine brother. 2. A relative. 3. A term of friendly address. Dual only, (-rī) Brother and sister. E. bhrāj to shine, Unadi aff. tṛc, and the radical final rejected.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhrātṛ (भ्रातृ).—i. e. bhṛ + ā + tṛ, m. 1. A brother, Chr. 3, 5; du. tarau, Brother and sister. 2. A friend, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 10.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhrātṛ (भ्रातृ).—[masculine] brother (in confidential address also = friend, dear.).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhrātṛ (भ्रातृ):—m. (connection with √bhṛ doubtful) a brother (often used to designate a near relative or an intimate friend, [especially] as a term of friendly address), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.; [dual number] brother and sister, [Pāṇini 1-2, 68.]

2) cf. [Zend] brātar; [Greek] φράτηρ etc.; [Latin] frater; [Lithuanian] broter-elis; [Slavonic or Slavonian] bratrū; [Gothic] brothar; [German] bruoder, Bruder; [English] brother.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhrātṛ (भ्रातृ):—(tā) 4. m. A brother. Dual. Brother and sister.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Bhrātṛ (भ्रातृ) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Bhāi, Bhāia, Bhāu, Bhāua.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bhratri in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Bhrātṛ (भ्रातृ) [Also spelled bhratra]:—(nm) a brother; ~[tva] brotherhood; fraternity; -[bhāva] brotherly feeling/affection, brotherhood; ~[hatyā] fratricide; ~[hatyārā] a fratricide; ~[sneha] brotherly affection, fraternal love.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Bhrātṛ (ಭ್ರಾತೃ):—

1) [noun] a boy or man as related to the children of his parents; a brother.

2) [noun] (astrol.) the third house from one’s birth house.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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