Bhratri, Bhrātṛ: 8 definitions



Bhratri means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Bhrātṛ can be transliterated into English as Bhratr or Bhratri, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Bhrātṛ (भ्रातृ, “older brother”).—According to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV), “all beings obtained the mind of equanimity (samacitta) by thinking of one another with the feelings one would feel (for example) for one’s older brother (bhrātṛ)”.

In the course of innumerable generations, all beings have been one’s older brother (bhrātṛ), father, mother, younger brother, elder sister, younger sister and relative. Furthermore, according to the true nature (satyalakṣaṇa) of dharmas, there is no father or mother, no elder or younger brother; but people who are submerged in the error of self believe in their existence and thus there is the question of father and mother, elder and younger brother. Therefore it is not a lie when, by virtue of a wholesome mind (kuśalacitta), we consider one another with the feelings we would feel (for example) for an older brother (bhrātṛ).

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhrātṛ (भ्रातृ).—m. [bhrāj-tṛc pṛṣo°; cf. Uṇ.2.96.]

1) A brother.

2) An intimate friend or relation.

3) A near relative in general.

4) A term of friendly address (my good friend); भ्रातः कष्टमहो (bhrātaḥ kaṣṭamaho) Bh.3.37;2.34; तत्त्वं चिन्तय तदिदं भ्रातः (tattvaṃ cintaya tadidaṃ bhrātaḥ) Moha M.3. -Dual. A brother and sister. [cf. L. frater; Zend bratar, Eng. brother.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhrātṛ (भ्रातृ).—m.

(-tā) 1. A brother, a uterine brother. 2. A relative. 3. A term of friendly address. Dual only, (-rī) Brother and sister. E. bhrāj to shine, Unadi aff. tṛc, and the radical final rejected.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhrātṛ (भ्रातृ).—i. e. bhṛ + ā + tṛ, m. 1. A brother, Chr. 3, 5; du. tarau, Brother and sister. 2. A friend, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 10.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhrātṛ (भ्रातृ).—[masculine] brother (in confidential address also = friend, dear.).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhrātṛ (भ्रातृ):—m. (connection with √bhṛ doubtful) a brother (often used to designate a near relative or an intimate friend, [especially] as a term of friendly address), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.; [dual number] brother and sister, [Pāṇini 1-2, 68.]

2) cf. [Zend] brātar; [Greek] φράτηρ etc.; [Latin] frater; [Lithuanian] broter-elis; [Slavonic or Slavonian] bratrū; [Gothic] brothar; [German] bruoder, Bruder; [English] brother.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhrātṛ (भ्रातृ):—(tā) 4. m. A brother. Dual. Brother and sister.

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bhratri in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Bhrātṛ (भ्रातृ) [Also spelled bhratra]:—(nm) a brother; ~[tva] brotherhood; fraternity; -[bhāva] brotherly feeling/affection, brotherhood; ~[hatyā] fratricide; ~[hatyārā] a fratricide; ~[sneha] brotherly affection, fraternal love.

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